New Spain

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Viceroyalty of New Spain
Virreinato de Nueva España
Colony o Castile an Spain
1519–1821

Flag

Motto
Plus Ultra
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
Marcha Real
"Ryal Mairch"
A cairt o the territories o the Viceryalty o New Spain, at its zenith in 1795
Caipital Mexico Ceety
Leid(s) Spainyie, Nahuatl, Mayan, Indigenous languages
Releegion Roman Catholicism
Government Viceryalty
Keeng
 − 1535–1556 Charles I (first)
 − 1813–1821 Ferdinand VII (last)
Vicery
 − 1535–1550 Antonio de Mendoza (first)
 − 1821 Juan O'Donojú Poleetical chief superior (nae vicery)
Legislatur Cooncil o the Indies
Historical era Colonial era
 - Conquest o Mexico 1519–1521
 - Viceryalty creatit 1519
 - New Granada estab.,
   includin Panama
 
27 Mey 1717
 - Treaty o San Ildefonso 01 October 1800
 - Adams-Onís Treaty 22 Februar 1819
 - Trienio Liberal abolished the viceryalty o New Spain 31 May 1820
 - Mexican War o Unthirldom an Central American Unthirldom 1810 - 1821
Population
 − 1519 est. 20 million 
 − 1810 est. 5 to 6.5 million 
Siller Spainyie colonial real
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Govrenorate o Cuba
Aztec Empire
Tarascan state
Maya Ceevilization
Native Americans in the Unitit States
Louisiana (New Fraunce)
Kinrick o Tondo
Rajahnate o Cebu
Indigenous fowks o the Americaes
Provincial deputation in Mexico
Spainyie Wast Indies
Spainyie East Indies
Louisiana (New Fraunce)
Florida Territory
Native Americans in the Unitit States
Indigenous fowks o the Americas
First Mexican Empire
The day pairt o

New Spain, formally cried the Viceryalty o New Spain (Spainyie: Virreinato de Nueva España), wis a viceryalty o the croun o Castile, o the Spainyie empire, comprisin territories in the north owerseas 'Septentrion' (North Americae an Philippines).[1][2][3][4] New Spain wis established followin the Spainyie conquest o the Aztec Empire in 1521. Its greatest extent includit much o North Americae sooth o Canadae, that is: aw o present-day Mexico an Central Americae except Panama; maist o the Unitit States wast o the Mississippi River, plus the Floridas.

New Spain an aa includit: the Spanish East Indies (the Philippine Islands, the Mariana Islands, the Caroline Islands, Taiwan, an pairts o the Moluccas); an the Spainyie Wast Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola (comprisin Haiti an the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Cayman Islands, Trinidad, an the Bay Islands).

Admeenistrative units includit Las Californias, that is, Alta Californie (present-day Arizona, Californie, Nevada, Utah, wastren Colorado, an sooth Wyoming); an Baja California Norte an Sur, Nueva Extremadura (the present-day states o Coahuila an Texas), an Santa Fe de Nuevo México (pairts o Texas an New Mexico). [5] an Louisiana (includin the wastren Mississippi river basin an the Missouri River basin).

The Spainyie govrened New Spain frae Mexico Cety, formerly the conquered Tenochtitlan, caipital o the Aztec Empire. It wis ruled bi a vicery in Mexico Ceety who govrened the various territories o New Spain on behauf o the Keeng o Spain. It wis the first o fower viceroyalties creatit tae govren Spain's owerseas colonies. (The Viceroyalty o Peru wis creatit in 1542 followin the Spainyie conquest o the Inca Empire. In the 18t century the Viceroyalty o New Granada, an the Viceryalty o the Río de la Plata wur an aa creatit.)

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