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(Reguidit frae Maccabim-Re'ut)

  • מוֹדִיעִין-מַכַּבִּים-רֵעוּת
Official logo of Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut is located in Israel
Location athin Israel
Coordinates: 31°54′27.55″N 35°0′27.41″E / 31.9076528°N 35.0076139°E / 31.9076528; 35.0076139Coordinates: 31°54′27.55″N 35°0′27.41″E / 31.9076528°N 35.0076139°E / 31.9076528; 35.0076139
Foondit2003 (merger)
1993 (Modi'in)
1985 (Maccabim)
1987 (Re'ut)
 • TeepCeety (frae 2003)
 • MayorHaim Beebas
 • Total50.176 km2 (19.373 sq mi)
 • Total88,749
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)

Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut (Hebrew: מוֹדִיעִין-מַכַּבִּים-רֵעוּת‬) is a ceety in the Center Destrict o Israel locatit approximately haufwey atween Jerusalem an Tel Aviv. It wis formed in 2003 bi the merger o Modi'in an Maccabim-Re'ut. In 2015 the population wis 88,749.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name "Modi'in" derives frae the veelage "Modi'im" o the heich priest Mattathias an his five sons, which wis locatit in the same aurie as the modren ceety. The name "Maccabim" is Ebreu for the Maccabees, an is a common nickname gien tae Judah Maccabee an his five sons.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Modi'in[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety at nicht

Auncient Modi'in wis the place o oreegin o the Jewish Hasmonean dynasty that ruled Judea in the 1st an 2nt centuries BCE, an it is whaur the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Greeks stairtit.

Modren Modi'in is locatit near the steid o the auncient Modi'in describit in the Talmud, tho the specific location is uncertain. Possibilities are Suba, Umm el-'Umdan near Route 20 tae Canadae Pairk an Latrun, Khirbet el-Midye, an Khirbet el-Burj (Titura).[2][3][4]

The three possible locations o historical Modi'in
Heich rise biggins in Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut

The cornerstane for present-day Modi'in wis laid in 1993. It is a modren planned ceety wi heich staundarts o urban plannin. Environmental issues an future growth wur taken intae consideration frae the early design stages. Lairge greenspaces wur incorporatit intae the ceety's layoot an comprise 50% o the aurie athin the ceety leemits. The lang term projection o the meenistry o hoosin is for the ceety tae be hame tae 240,000 residents, thus becomin ane o the lairgest localities in Israel. Housomeivver, plans approved for the ceety thus far are for anerlie 120,000 residents. Lately it haes acome a magnet for secular residents leavin Jerusalem acause o the growin Haredi population thare.[5] Thoosans o residents o Rosh HaAyin, Lod, an Ramla hae an aa relocatit tae Modi'in. Some in those ceeties see Modi'in's rapid growth as a threat tae the wellbeing o thair ceeties, wi some even suggestin that the ceety's vera establishment wis a mistake.[5] This led tae a decision in 2008 tae put a cap on Modi'in's growth, allouin it in the short term tae expand anerlie tae a population o 120,000,[5] rather than the oreeginal plans for 240,000, in order tae better conditions in Lod-Ramla 12 kilometers tae the wast.[5] These plans housomeivver hae been contestit bi the ceety's govrenment, which haes plans tae turn Modi'in intae ane o the naition's lairgest ceeties.[5] The ceety an aa attracts Olim frae Inglis speakin kintras.

The ceety wis planned bi the well-kent airchitect Moshe Safdie. Its design wis supervised bi the Meenistry o Hoosin an Construction's main airchitect Carlos Drinberg an the Ceety Ingineer-Airchitect Daniel Senerman.

Maccabim-Re'ut[eedit | eedit soorce]

The project o foondin Maccabim in 1985 wis led bi the Internaitional Maccabi organisation; the project o foondin nearbi Re'ut in 1987 wis led bi an association o Israel's Staundin Airmy officers. The touns wur unitit intae Maccabim-Re'ut in 1990.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Modi'in is locatit aboot 35 kilometers (22 mi) sootheast o Tel Aviv an 30 kilometers (19 mi) wast o Jerusalem, an is connectit tae tae the twa via Heichgate 443. Its pheesical geography: Climate, landforms, flora an fauna, aw reflect this poseetion midway atween the twa ceeties.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, the Ceety is ratit at level 8 oot o 10 on the scale o socio-economic development, wi a heich proportion o heich schuil graduation, 76.5% (2006–07), an an average monthly income o 9,659 NIS, compared tae a naitional average o 7,466 (2006).

Neighborhuids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wadi Anaba Pairk wast o the ceety center

HaShvatim an Moriah[eedit | eedit soorce]

HaShvatim (North Buchman/Buchman) an Moriah (Sooth Buchman) are the maist soothren neighborhuids in the ceety. Maist o the biggins in this neighborhuid are grund-level private hames an condos. The streets o Shvatim are named efter the tribes o Israel, an the streets o Moriah are named efter auncient historical Jewish figures. Moriah, the name o the soothren neighborhuid, is an' a' a feminine name representin these weemen.

HaPrachim[eedit | eedit soorce]

HaPrachim (Miromi) is a sma neighborhuid in the ceety center. Locatit in HaPrachim is a commercial center, twa primary schuils an a seicontary schuil. The neighborhuid's streets are named efter trees, flouers, an plants. At the northren pairt o the neighborhuid thare is a sma compund whaur the streets are named efter phrases frae the Song of Songs.

HaNachalim an Masuah[eedit | eedit soorce]

HaNachlim (Safdie) an Masuah (Givat C) are locatit towards the wast o the ceety, an wur planned bi airchitect Moshe Safdie. Locatit in these neighborhuids are five commercial centers, a seicontary schuil an three primary schuils. The central street names are named efter valleys in Israel, an the side streets are named efter Israeli rivers an streets. The name "Masuah" wis selectit in order tae represent the neighborhuid's heich altitude. Athin the aurie consistin o the streets named efter rivers an streams is the "Malibu" aurie, which is named efter the contractor who designed the neighborhuid.

HaKramim[eedit | eedit soorce]

Modi'in cultural auditorium

HaKramim (Tsipor) is the northmaist neighborhuid in Modiin. The streets are named efter the Ebreu months. The name "Kramim" is in honour o the vineyards that wur locatit whaur the neighborhuid nou staunds afore the ceety wis foondit.

Avnei Chen[eedit | eedit soorce]

Avnei Chen (Kaizer) is locatit towards the wast o the ceety, an pairts of it are still unner construction. The main road is named "Avnei Choshen" an leads tae the anly underground commercial center in Modi'in.

HaNevi'im an HaMeginim[eedit | eedit soorce]

HaNevi'im (Northren Shimshoni) an HaMeginim (Soothren Shimshoni) are locatit towards the northwast o the ceety. Locatit in the neighborhuids are three commercial centers, three primary schuils, an ane seicontary schuil.

HaTsiporim[eedit | eedit soorce]

HaTsiporim (South Kaizer) is still bein planned. Its streets will be named efter different species o birds, an will be a relatively sma neighborhuid consisting o anerlie seiven streets.

Azrieli Mall in central Modi'in

Cultur an sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2007, Modi'in wis selectit as ane o the inaugural ceeties for the Israel Baseball League. The team wis named the Modi'in Miracle, but did no play gemmes in Modi'in as thare is nae basebaw stadium thare.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

View towards Modi'in Central Railway Station, an the main commercial destrict o Modi'in

Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut is accessible bi Road 431, Heich-gate 3 an Road 443.

An Israel Railways rail line began operation on Aprile 1, 2008 tae lairge unnergrund station in Modi'in. Service began in September 2007 tae Paatei Modi'in on the wastren ootskirts o the ceety. This railway connects Modi'in tae Tel Aviv bi wey o Ben Gurion Airport. The line tae Modi'in is a spur aff the heich-speed railway tae Jerusalem, currently due for completion in 2016. Ance this line is completit, Modi'in will be Athin 30 minutes' ride frae Jerusalem.

Intercity an local bus services are providit bi Veolia Transport Israel.

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. "Shimon Gibson, ASOR Newsletter 49-1 (1999) pp. 16-17" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 3 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 17 Mey 2011.
  3. "Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, ASOR conference 2003". Archived frae the original on 25 Julie 2008. Retrieved 17 Mey 2011.
  4. Joshua Schwartz, Lod (Lydda), Israel: from its origins through the Byzantine period, 5600 B.C.E. - 640 C.E, Oxford University Press, 1991, pp. 61-63.
  5. a b c d e Was building city of Modi'in a mistake?

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Israeli municipality merger o 2003