Kfar Yona (Hebrew: כְּפַר יוֹנָה) is a toun (local cooncil) in the Sharon Subdestrict in the Center Destrict o Israel. It is aboot 7 km east o the Mediterranean sea shore ceety o Netanya, an aboot 15 km wast o the border wi Palestinian-held Tulkarm. Surroondin it are mony ither sma touns, kibbutzim an veelages. Its population in 2008 wis 16,100, an its jurisdiction – 11,017 dunams (~11 km²).
History an etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kfar Yona (meanin Yona's veelage) is named efter Jean (Yona) Fischer, a Belgian Zionist. It wis foondit on Tu Bishvat, 23 Januar, 1932 bi Morris Fischer, Yona's son, a member o the Warld Jewish Congress, an wis oreeginally named Gan Yona ("Yona's Garden").
Yona an his best freind wur in Europe throu the time that naitionalism wis gainin poleetical muivement, for aw ethnicities. Thay decidit tae fundraise an foond a dounset in the Haly Land, tae promote Zionism. This endeavor teuk a hantle year, an thay includit Morris when he wis auld eneuch. Acause Yona dee'd jist a few year short o seein fruition o the dream, Morris an his faither's friend decidit tae name the dounset efter Yona.
Yona is Ebreu for dove (besides bein the Ebreu form o Jonah), sae while the toun searches for new seembols, inspecially amang schuil-age childer in its quest tae big up community feelins frae a young age, the dove is a frequently uised seembol.
In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Kfar Yona wis on the front lines, an its defenders faced the Iraqi Airmy, whilk socht tae reik Netanya an cut the Jewish forces in Israel in hauf. The new Israel Defense Forces repelled the Iraqi attacks an forced them back intae the Samarian muntains, awtho Kfar Yona remained the eastrenmaist Jewish dounset in the aurie. As a result o the 1949 Armistice Agreements, the mairch muivit frae Kfar Yona 8 km eastwart, tae juist wast o Tulkarm.
Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]
When foondit, Kfar Yona wis surroondit bi orcharts, an its main income wis frae sellin oranges. Till this vera day, its seembol is an orange tree staundin on a field. In recent years, due tae the rapid growth o the toun (nou populatiit bi 17,000 fowk), maist o thir orcharts wur replaced bi new neighborhuids o law apairtment biggins an private hooses.
Next tae Kfar Yona is the Area 21 military base, named for Mota Gur, whilk includes paratroopers, Nahal, military polis, an ither sma bases. In addition, Kfar Yona is neist tae Pardesiya an the Lev HaSharon Regional Cooncil.
Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nouadays this relatively sma veelage serves as a community center for smawer neighborin veelages as well. The community center includes the muisic conservatory, whilk is becomin a cultural hame for mony different types o muisic. This month, thare wis a 3-oor concert in honour o 250 year syne Mozart's birth, in whilk several airtists performed, includin twa pianists frae abroad an the Ashdod Chamber Orchestra. The conservatory concerts hae includit an aa: Big Band, Spainyie guitar, childer componers, an fou operas.
Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kfar Yona is biggin up its sports an aa. In 2006, 250 grade-schuil students pairticipatit in the basketbaw program. The aulder student's league haes wan championships. Kfar Yona affers programs in soccer, dance, an mony ither sports an aa. The community center haulds classes in tens o ither subjects: photography, ceramics, pottery, ceukin, an sae on.
Education[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kfar Yona schuils: Hadar, Amal, Bar Ilan for grade schuil; an a new Junior Heich. Heich schuil students at this time must traivel tae Rupin, Netanya, or ane o the ither mony schuils in the aurie. Kfar Yona childer wha pass entrance tests attend efter-schuil class in science, technology, maths, muisic, etc, in the surroondin touns.
Health and services[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kfar Yona haes twa or three heal offices, a few dentist, a few alternative halth professional. It is close tae the Netanya train station, an tae the fire station. Besides the volunteer security force, it haes a maistly-defunct police station, tho it isna far frae the Netanya police station.
Kfar Yona residents gather thair mail frae post office box centers. A post office box is assigned tae ilka faimily bi the main post office. The post boxes haes replaced hame delivery whilk wis available til the early 1990s.
Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Ethnicity o the residents includes a majority o native-born Jewish Israelis. Ithers are o Roushie, Anglo-Saxon (American, Breetish, etc), French, Argentinian, Kurdish, Tripolitan, Yemenite, Persian, an Ethiopian ethnicity.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 30 Juin 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Kfar Yona" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 14 Juin 2008. (in Ebreu)
- Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Kfar Yona". Ariel Encyclopedia. Volume 4. Israel: Am Oved. p. 3756. (in Ebreu)
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Offeecial wabsteid (in Ebreu)