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Jaljulia (Hebrew: גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה‬, Arabic: جلجولية‎), offeecially an aa spelled Jaljulye, is a local cooncil in the Central Destrict o Israel, locatit next tae Hod HaSharon an Kfar Sava. Its population wis 8,500 at the end o 2009.[1] Jaljulia's jurisdiction is 1,900 dunams.

Jaljulia is predominantly Arab an Muslim, wi nae significant Jewish population.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Roman times the veelage wis kent as Galgulis, while durin the Crusader period it wis referred tae as Jorgilia. In 1241 C.E. (663 H) it is kent that the Sultan Baybars allocatit equal shares o the veelage tae three o his amirs. Ane o thir, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, includit his section o the veelage in a waqf he established.[2]

In 1596, Jaljulia wis pairt o the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdestrict) o Banu Sa´b unner the Liwa o Nablus, wi a population o 100 hoosehaulds ("Khana"). It peyed taxes on a nummer o crops, includin wheat an baurley, as well as "simmer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats an bees", an a mercat toll. Thare wis an aa a poll tax, jizya, on the Christians an Jews in the locality.[3]

Mosque o Abu Awn[eedit | eedit soorce]

The mosque is locally kent as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it wi the 15t-century releegious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is kent tae hae come frae the toun.[4] The airchitectur o the mosque is, accordin tae Petersen, consistent wi a 15t or early 16t century construction date.[5]

At present the structur consists o ane lairge vaultit chamber, an three sma barrel-vaultit cells. A lairge seicont chamber tae the wast wis destroyed bi Breetish airtillery durin Warld War I.[5]

Kharavanserai[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mamluk Khan, Jaljulia

The Khan is locatit on the opposite side o the road o the mosque.

The Khan wis biggit bi Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the govrenor o Damascus 1312-1340,[6] an it wis still functionin in the 16t century, when it wis mentioned in an Ottoman firman.[7] In the 19t century it wis seen bi Guérin, who describit it as a bonnie khan wi a (ruined) polygonal minaret.[8]

Petersen, who surveyed the structur in 1996, foond the courtyard entirely owergrown an it wis no possible tae detect ony features athin, housomeivver, he notes that a 19t century visitor haed mentioned that thare wis "a great roond well" in the centre.[9]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-30-06. Retrieved 2010-12-18. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. MPF 92, no 20 Cited in Petersen (2002)p 178
  3. Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieiter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 140. Quoted in Petersen (2002), p. 176
  4. Mayer et al. (1950), p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen (2002), p.177
  5. a b Petersen (2002), p.178
  6. Accordin tae Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen (2002), p.178
  7. Heyd (1969), p.110. Cited in Petersen (2002), p.178
  8. Samarie II, 368. Cited in Petersen (2002), p. 179
  9. Ritter (1866), vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen (2002), p. 178

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

(in Arabic)

Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518