Hefer Valley Regional Cooncil
The cooncil covers an aurie adjacent tae Hadera in the north, tae Netanya in the sooth, tae the Mediterranean in the wast an tae Tulkarm an the Green Line (Israel) in the east. It haes a population o aboot 35,000 residents.
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History[eedit | eedit soorce]
In the early 1900s, a local midwife, Olga Hankin, reportit information aboot the economic state o the families in the region tae her husband, Yehoshua Hankin, who wis in chiarge o land purchase for the Jewish National Fund. In 1927 Yehoshua Hankin resolved the complex legal issues involved in purchasin the land, an signed a greement for the purchase o the Hefer Valley. The ae difficulty wis that the Jewish National Fund did no hae sufficient funds tae pey the sum needit for redeemin the land.
The chairman o the JNF, Menachem Ushishkin, set oot on a fundraisin trip tae Canadae, returnin wi $300,000 an unnertakins tae bring it up tae a million, the sum required tae purchase the Hefer Valley ower a period o seiven years. At the Zionist Congress held in Zurich in 1929, Ushishkin annoonced that Emek Hefer wis nou in Jewish haunds.
A group o 30 young members o the "Vitkin" an "Haemek" muivements settled in the newly purchased valley. Thay muivit in tae an abandoned biggin an began drainin the swamps an preparin the land for agricultur.
In Aprile 1933, thay biggit thair first hooses on Kfar Vitkin, in the hert o the valley. In 1931, a group frae the Hashomer Hatzair muivement in Hadera established the dounset o Ein HaHoresh, plantin the first citrus grove.
A company cried "Yachin" prepared plantations for settlers frae abroad. Anither group frae the Kibbutz HaMeuhad muivement, foondit Givat Haim in 1932, while the organization o demobilized sodgers frae the Jewish Brigade set up the dounset o Avihayil.