Hod HaSharon

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Hod HaSharon
  • הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן
  • هود هاشرون
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Hod ha Šaron
Hod Hasjaron-a015.jpg
Offeecial logo o Hod HaSharon
Logo
Hod HaSharon is located in Israel
Hod HaSharon
Hod HaSharon
Coordinates: 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883Coordinates: 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883
Destrict Central
Foondit 1964
Govrenment
 • Teep Ceety (frae 1990)
 • Mayor Hai Adiv
Aurie
 • Tot 19,239 dunams (19.239 km2 or 7.428 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Tot 56,659
Name meanin Splendor o the Sharon plain

Hod HaSharon (Ebreu: הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן‎, lit. "Splendor o the Sharon") is a ceety in the Center Destrict o Israel. Offeecially declared a ceety in 1990, Hod HaSharon wis creatit in 1964 frae the union o fower neighborin veelages: Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, an Ramat Hadar.[2] Its offeecial land aurie is 19.239 square kilometers,[3] an accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), in 2015 the ceety haed a tot population o 56,659.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Four Seasons Park
Magdiel central synagogue
Magdiel garden

Hod HaSharon wis creatit in 1964 when the settlements o Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, an Ramat Hadar merged. Hod Hasharon wis govrened bi a local cooncil till it wis declared a ceety in 1990.[4]

Magdiel[eedit | eedit soorce]

Magdiel wis foondit on August 2, 1924. The decision tae establish Magdiel wis reached at a foonders meetin in Tel Aviv in Julie. A group o 12 settlers o Ashkenazi oreegin received a plot o land frae Yehoshua Hankin which they cultivatit an prepared for fermin.[4]

Ramatayim[eedit | eedit soorce]

Atidim pairk
Sharonim maw

Ramatayim wis foondit in 1925 bi immigrants frae Poland.[2] It wis foondit on the principle o private initiative. Ramatayim wis built on twa hills connectit bi a valley, hence the name Ramatayim, literally 'twa hills'.[4] Ramatayim is nou the center o Hod HaSharon.

Hadar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hadar wis established in 1927 bi middle-class immigrants frae Eastren Europe, who wur joined suin efter bi a group o Italian Jews.[2] The land wis purchased frae the Abou Kishk Bedouin tribe. The pioneers decidit tae build a rural settlement based on citrus crops (hence the veelage's name, "Hadar" being Ebreu for "citrus"). In its early years, the fermers o Hadar an aa engaged in poultry fermin. In the early 1940s, Yemenite immigrants muivit tae Hadar, establishin the Shikun Hateymanim quarter, the day pairt o the Gannei Tzvi neighborhuid.[4] In 1951, Ramatayim an Hadar merged tae form Hadar Ramatayim.[2]

Ramat Hadar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ramat Hadar wis established in December 1938 bi middle-class immigrants frae Germany, members o the Fift Aliyah.[2] Ramat Hadar wis built on a hill atween Kfar Hadar, Ramatayim, an the main road frae Petah Tikva tae Ramatayim. The economy o Ramat Hadar wis based on sma ferms, mainly poultry fermin.[4]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hod HaSharon is locatit aroond 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883 on central Israel's Sharon Plain, pairt o the Israeli Coastal Plain. The ceety is locatit approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east o the Mediterranean coastline, sooth ofKfar Sava, sootheast o Raanana, an northeast o Ramat HaSharon. The ceety is approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) wast o the Wast Bank an 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northeast o central Tel Aviv.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis in 2006 wis 99.9% Jewish an ither non-Arab, wi nae significant Arab population. In 2006 77 immigrants frae oot o Israel settled in Hod HaSharon as their first place o residence in the kintra, o whom 68.8% wur unner 18 years o age. 6.8% o the population o the ceety consists o immigrants tae Israel syne 1990. Bi 2025, the ceety is planned tae hae 80,000 inhabitants. The population density o Hod HaSharon is the lawest in the Sharon Plain.[4]

Accordin tae the CBS, in 2006 there wur 21,700 males an 22,800 females. The population o the ceety wis spread oot wi 33.2% 19 years o age or younger, 13.0% atween 20 an 29, 23.2% atween 30 an 44, 18.5% from 45 to 59, 3.6% from 60 to 64, and 8.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2006 wis 3.3%.[3]

Accordin tae the CBS, as o 2005, there wur 18,612 salaried wirkers an 2,006 are sel-employed in the ceety. The mean monthly wage in 2004 for a salaried wirker in the ceety wis ILS 9,698, a year-on-year increase o 7.1%. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o ILS 13,326 (a real chynge o 9.5%) versus ILS 6,306 for females (a real chynge o 1.6%). The mean income for the sel-employed is ILS 8,490. There are 335 fowk who receive unemployment benefits an 300 fowk who receive an income guarantee.[3]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, there are 18 schuils an 8,083 students in the ceety: 11 elementary schuils: The Democratic Schuil, HaMagen, Yigal Alon, Lapid, Shilo, Mamlachti Alef, Neve Ne'eman, Rabin, Re'ut an Tali (4,406 students). 4 middle schuils: HaRishonim, HaShachar, Atidim an Tzurim (1,628 students). 5 heich schuils: Hadarim, Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education, Ramon, Mossinzohn an Na'amat (2,049 students). 71.7% o the ceety's 12t graders wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate in 2001.[3]

The Mosenson youth veelage accepts baith Israelis an owerseas students.[5] The Alexander Muss Heich Schuil in Israel affers a program for American heich schuil students who spend twa months tae a year in Israel. Each year approximately hauf o the tent grade class frae the Milken Community Heich Schuil in Los Angeles, CA, come tae Hod Hasharon tae study for a semester alang wi this program.

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hod HaSharon is twinned wi:

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Local Authorities in Israel 2006, Publication #1315 - Municipality Profiles - Hod HaSharon" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  (Ebreu)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "Identiy Card". Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  5. Mosenson youth village
  6. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  External link in |publisher= (help)

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