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Rosh HaAyin

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Rosh HaAyin

  • רֹאשׁ הָעָיִן
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Roˀš ha ʕayn
Official logo of Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin is located in Israel
Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin
Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°57′E / 32.083°N 34.950°E / 32.083; 34.950Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°57′E / 32.083°N 34.950°E / 32.083; 34.950
 • TeepCeety
 • MayorRaz Sagi[1]
 • Total24.39 km2 (9.42 sq mi)
 • Total38,500
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Name meaninFoontainheid

Rosh HaAyin (Hebrew: רֹאשׁ הָעָיִן‬, lit. Fountainhead) is a ceety in the Central District of Israel. Tae the wast of Rosh HaAyin is the fortress of Antipatris an the soorce o the Yarkon River. Tae the southeast is the fortress of Migdal Afek (Migdal Tzedek).[3] As of 2009, the population of Rosh HaAyin wis 38,500.[2]


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Rosh HaAyin wis foondit in the 1950s near the steid o auncient Antipatris, on the grunds o a Breetish military camp (for detailed pre-1950's history o the aurie see Majdal Yaba). Mony o the residents wur Yemenite Jews airliftit tae Israel in 1949 an 1950 in Operation Magic Carpet.

For decades Rosh HaAyin wis kent as "a Yemenite toun". Houiver, in the 1990's extensive new neighborhuids wur biggit, constitutin in effect a whole new toun, which drew a considerable nummer o Israelis o ither oreegins. The toun still haes, houiver, a lairge Yemenite population – concentratit in the aulder neighborhuids.

Rosh HaAyin is named efter its location at the mooth o the Yarkon Spring (rosh = heid, ayin = spring).[3]


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Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), in 2001 the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis 99.8% Jewish, wi a predominant nummer o young fowk belaw the age o 19. The population growthe rate wis 2.5%.


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Accordin tae the CBS, thare wur 10,972 salaried wirkers an 1,033 sel-employed in 2000. The mean monthly wage for a salaried wirker wis NIS 6,595, an increase o 11.2% ower the course o 2000. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o NIS 8,408 (a real chynge o 7.8%) versus NIS 4,857 for females (a real chynge o 13.1%). The mean income for the sel-employed wis 6,853. 628 fowk received unemployment benefits an 1,057 received an income supplement.

The Givot Olam ile company discovered ile at the Meged 5 ile field near Rosh HaAyin. The amunt o extractable ile is as yet unkent.[4][5]


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Accordin tae the CBS, thare wur 21 schuils in Rosh Ha'ayin, wi an enrollment of 7,137. Fifteen wur elementary schuils wi an enrollment o 4,749 an 11 wur heich schuils wi an enrollment o 2,388. In 2001, 58.8% o Rosh Ha'ayin's 12t grade students wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate.

Notable Residents

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Twin ceeties

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  1. "רז שגיא נבחר לראשות העיר ראש העין" (in Ebrew). Retrieved 15 Apryle 2024. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |comment= (help)
  2. a b "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 6 Februar 2011.
  3. a b "Rosh Ha'Ayin". Partnerships with Israel. Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived frae the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 17 Julie 2011. Retrieved 23 Mey 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/business/givot-admits-we-can-t-estimate-scope-of-oil-reserves-at-meged-5-1.315082

Freemit airtins

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