Rosh HaAyin

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Rosh HaAyin
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu רֹאשׁ הָעָיִן
 • ISO 259 Roˀš ha ʕayn
Rosh HaAyin.jpg

Rosh HaAyin is locatit in Israel
Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin
Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°57′E / 32.083°N 34.950°E / 32.083; 34.950Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°57′E / 32.083°N 34.950°E / 32.083; 34.950
Destrict Center
Foondit 1949
 • Teep Ceety
 • Heid o Municipality Moshe Sinai
 • Tot 24,390 dunams (24.39 km2 or 9.42 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Tot 38,500
Name meaning Foontainheid

Rosh HaAyin (Ebreu: רֹאשׁ הָעָיִן, lit. Fountainhead) is a city in the Central District of Israel. To the west of Rosh HaAyin is the fortress of Antipatris and the source of the Yarkon River. To the southeast is the fortress of Migdal Afek (Migdal Tzedek).[2] As of 2009, the population of Rosh HaAyin was 38,500.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rosh HaAyin wis foondit in the 1950s near the steid o auncient Antipatris, on the grunds o a Breetish military camp (for detailed pre-1950's history o the aurie see Majdal Yaba). Mony o the residents wur Yemenite Jews airliftit tae Israel in 1949 an 1950 in Operation Magic Carpet.

For decades Rosh HaAyin wis kent as "a Yemenite toun". Housomeivver, in the 1990's extensive new neighborhuids wur built, constitutin in effect a whole new toun, which drew a considerable number o Israelis o ither oreegins. The toun still haes, housomeivver, a lairge Yemenite population - concentratit in the aulder neighborhuids.

Rosh HaAyin is named efter its location at the mooth o the Yarkon Spring (rosh = head, ayin = spring).[2]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), in 2001 the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis 99.8% Jewish, wi a predominant number o young fowk belaw the age o 19. The population growth rate wis 2.5%.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, there wur 10,972 salaried wirkers an 1,033 sel-employed in 2000. The mean monthly wage for a salaried wirker wis NIS 6,595, an increase o 11.2% ower the course o 2000. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o NIS 8,408 (a real chynge o 7.8%) versus NIS 4,857 for females (a real chynge o 13.1%). The mean income for the sel-employed wis 6,853. 628 fowk received unemployment benefits an 1,057 received an income supplement.

The Givot Olam ile company discovered ile at the Meged 5 ile field near Rosh HaAyin. The amunt o extractable ile is as yet unkent.[3][4]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, there wur 21 schuils in Rosh Ha'ayin, wi an enrollment of 7,137. Fifteen wur elementary schuils wi an enrollment o 4,749 an 11 wur heich schuils wi an enrollment o 2,388. In 2001, 58.8% o Rosh Ha'ayin's 12t grade students wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate.

Notable Residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°57′E / 32.083°N 34.950°E / 32.083; 34.950{{#coordinates:}}: cannot have more than one primary tag per page