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  • טייבה
  • الطـّيـّبة
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • An aa spelledTayiba (unoffeecial)
Tayibe is located in Israel
Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 35°00′37″E / 32.26667°N 35.01028°E / 32.26667; 35.01028Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 35°00′37″E / 32.26667°N 35.01028°E / 32.26667; 35.01028
 • TeepCeety
 • Total18.662 km2 (7.205 sq mi)
 • Total40,941
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Name meaninThe Guid

Tayibe (Arabic: طيّبة‎ Ṭayyibaḧ, Hebrew: טַיִּבָּה‬; forby spelt Taibeh or Tayiba) is an Israeli Arab ceety in central Israel, 12 kilometre east o Kfar Saba.[2] In 2015 it haed a population o 40,941,[1] garin it the lairgest Israeli Arab ceety in the Center Destrict.[3] Tayibe is pairt o the Triangle.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Al-Tayba mey be the Tayyibat al-Ism that wis on the leet o lands allocatit bi sultan Baibars tae his amirs in 663 AH (1265-1266 C.E.), aboot thirty year efter the Arab conquest o Palestine. In Mamluk times, the veelage name appeared on documents referrin tae the waqf o the mosque in Hebron.[4]

Unner Ottoman rule, the daftar o 1596 shaw the veelage tae be unner the admeenistration o the nahiya o Shafa. Wi a population o 50 hoosehaulds ("khana"), the indwellers paid cesses on wheat, baurley, fruit, "simmer craps", olives, beehives, an gaits.[5] In the aichteent century, the veelage wis bolstered bi an influx o immigrants frae Egyp an the Arabian Peninsula. In the "Survey of Western Palestine" in the latter pairt o the nineteent century, Tayibe wis descrivit as: "a lairge straggelin veelage on the end o a slope, principally built o stane. It is supplee'd bi cisterns an surroondit wi olives".[6]

In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Israeli forces captured the toun lands, but no the toun itsel. Tayibe wis transferred tae Israel as pairt o the 1949 cease-fire agreement wi Jordan.[2] Accordin tae David Gilmour, the indwellers wur furious that Abdullah I o Jordan haed simply handit them ower tae Israel but wur relieved that thay wur tae be reunitit wi thair land. Housomeivver, the Law o Acquisition o Absentee Property, that wis passed in 1950 but made retroactive, wis specially devised tae tak care o cases lik this. Tho thay hidnae flit frae thair veelage, the indwellers wur declared "absentees" (or Internally Displaced Palestinians) an thair land "abandoned property". Accordin tae the veelagers, thay lost 8,000 o thair 11,000 acre (45 km²).[7]

Tayibe achieved local cooncil status in 1952. In 1990, it wis declared a ceety.[2]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the 1931 census, Tayibe wis recordit as haein 658 occupee'd hooses, an 2944 residents (aw Muslim).[8]

Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis 100.0% Arab (99.7% Muslim), wi nae significant Jewish population. Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 thare wur 15,100 males an 14,500 females. 47.5% o the population wis 19 years o age or younger, 17.4% atween 20 an 29, 20.3% atween 30 an 44, 9.6% frae 45 tae 59, 2.0% frae 60 tae 64, an 3.3% 65 years o age or aulder. The population growthe rate in 2001 wis 3.2%.

Income[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae CBS, thare wis 4,859 salaried wirkers an 559 sel-employed bodies in Tayibe in 2000. The mean monthly wage for a salaried wirker wis NIS 3,270, a real chynge o -0.5% ower the course o 2000. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o NIS 3,796 (a real chynge o 0.9%) versus NIS 2,318 for females (a real chynge o -6.7%). The mean income for the self-employed wis 3,826. Thare wis 379 fowk receivin unemployment benefits an 3,151 fowk receivin an income guarantee. On a scale o 1 tae 10 the ceety is ratit 3 on a socioeconomic level.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae CBS, thare 13 schuils an 6,970 students in the Tayibe: 9 elementary schuils wi 3,984 students, an 4 heich schuils wi 2,986 students. 49.7% o 12t grade students wis entitled tae a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

An auncient aik tree in Tayibe wis declared the lairgest in Israel. The aik haes a trunk circumference o 690 centimetre. Accordin tae local legend, thare is an angel that watches ower the tree an avenges ony damage tae it. It is said tae be 1,400 year auld, tho this hisnae been scientifically pruiven.[9]

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. a b c About Tayibe
  3. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 30 Juin 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  4. Petersen, 2002, p. 296
  5. Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 157. Quoted in Petersen, 2002, p. 296
  6. Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p.166. Cited in Petersen, 2002, p.296
  7. Walter Schwarz: The Arabs in Israel, Faber & Faber, London 1959, p. 40, and Israel and Palestine, No. 51 (August 1976), p.1. Quoted in Gilmour, 1983, p. 106
  8. Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem, 1932, p58. The count may hae included twa naurhaun bedouin tribes.
  9. Lightning strike brings new fame to giant old oak tree, Haaretz.
  10. A jump start for Palestinian architecture - Haaretz - Israel News

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]