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  • חוֹלוֹן
  • حولون
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ḥolon
PikiWiki Israel 6312 Children Park in Holon.JPG
Offeecial logo o Holon
Holon is locatit in Israel
Coordinates: 32°01′N 34°46′E / 32.017°N 34.767°E / 32.017; 34.767Coordinates: 32°01′N 34°46′E / 32.017°N 34.767°E / 32.017; 34.767
Destrict Tel Aviv
Foondit 1936
 • Teep Ceety (frae 1950)
 • Total 18,927 dunams (18.927 km2 or 7.308 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Tot 188,834
Name meanin (Little) sand
Website holon.muni.il
Location o Holon in the Tel Aviv Destrict

Holon (Ebreu: חוֹלוֹןAboot this soond (audio) ) is a ceety in Israel, on the central coastal strip sooth o Tel Aviv. Holon is pairt o the metropolitan aurie kent as Gush Dan in the Tel Aviv Destrict. In 2015 it haed a population o 188,834. Holon haes the seicont lairgest industrial zone in Israel, efter Haifa.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the ceety comes frae the Ebreu wird holon, meanin "(Little) sand". The name Holon an aa appears in the Bible: "And Holon wi its suburbs, an Debir wi its suburbs" (Beuk o Joshua, 21:15).[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Holon wis foondit on sand dunes sax kilometers frae Tel Aviv in 1935.[3] The Łódzia textile factory was established there by Jewish immigrants from Łódź, Poland, alang wi mony ither industrial enterprises.[3]In the early months o the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Holon wis on the front line, wi constant shootin goin on the border wi the veelage o Tel A-Rish tae its northwast—a suburb o Arab Jaffa—an clashes an aa in the direction o the toun o Yazur tae the east. An attack bi the Holon-based Hagana militia units on Tel A-Rish wis repulsed wi considerable losses. Housomeivver, the fall o Jaffa—center o the Palestinian Arab forces in this region—tae an attack launcht frae Tel Aviv precipitatit the fall o baith Tel A-Rish. Efter the establishment o the state, Holon expandit tae include Tel A-Rish (renamed "Tel Giborim", "The Mound o the Heroes") an the orange groves o Yazur. In the 1950s, the ceety wis populatit bi Jewish immigrants frae Arab kintras.

Urban development[eedit | eedit soorce]

New neighborhood in Holon

Holon, an important pairt o the Tel Aviv metropolitan aurie, is experiencin a new burst o biggin on the remainin sand dunes tae its sooth, creatin a continuum wi Rishon Lezion. Environmentalist groups hae been campaignin tae preserve some o the sand dunes, wi their unique flora an fauna, an prevent them frae aw being engulfed bi the real estate boom.

Local govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yanshul, seembol o the Holon Children's Museum

Mayors[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mediatheque cultural center

Holon uised tae host the annual Storytellers Festival, nouw held in Giv'atayim. It an aa hosts the annual Yemay Zemer sang festival an a spring festival devotit tae women. Daniel Barenboim organizes an annual simmer muisic camp in the ceety. Synee the election o Moti Sasson as the mayor o Holon in 1993, mony cultural projects hae been inauguratit. Billin itsel as a "children's ceety," Holon is hame tae the Holon Children's Museum an the Mediatheque youth theater.[4] Holon an aa plays host each year to a street carnival in celebration o the Jewish holiday o Purim, the Adloyada. Thoosans o children dress up in costumes an the streets close doun for a parade featurin colorful floats. The ceety haes mony pairks an lush greenery. The pairk on the corner o streets HaHistadrut an Eilat is famed for the backgammon or "shesh besh" tournaments which take place daily. The Holon cemetery contains memorials for Jewish communities wiped oot in the Holocaust.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Holon is surroondit bi a few interceety roads. The main road servin the ceety is the Ayalon Expressway, passin alangside Holon's wastern border. Road 44 passes bi on the northeastren side o the ceety, connectin it wi Lod an Ramle. Road 4 passes bi on the eastren border. Holon's public transport is based solely on bus service, operatit bi baith Egged an Dan transport companies. The majority o the bus routes are regional, connectin the ceety tae neighborin ceeties in the metropolitan aurie, but there are an aa a few local routes. Train service tae the ceety is planned tae be established in 2011, wi the openin o the "Tel Aviv—Wast Rishon Le Zion" suburban line. Fower stations wad serve the ceety: "Sha'ar Holon" at the northren main entrance tae the ceety, an "Wolfson", "Yoseftal" an "Komemiyut" alang the wastren side.

Samaritan community[eedit | eedit soorce]

Holon's Samaritan synagogue

In 1954, the preses o Israel, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi helped tae establish a Samaritan quarter on the ootskirts o Holon. The quarter wis named Neve Pinchas efter Pinhas Ben-Abraham, the heich priest o the Samaritan community.[5] Holon is ane o ae twa ceeties in the warld tae hae a Samaritan community, the ither being the veelage o Kiryat Luza on Munt Gerizim abuin Nablus on the Wast Bank. That community fled Nablus for Kiryat Luza follaein the ootbreak o the First Intifada (1987–1993).

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister city shields at the city entrance

Pairtnership o kindness with:

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. The Story of Holon:Making Sand Dunes Sophisticated
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Guide to Israel, Zeev Vilnay, Hamakor Press, Jerusalem, 1972, p.239
  4. "Post-championship Holon dreams of prosperity, tourism – Haaretz – Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  5. "Samaritans". Jewishmag.com. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Tel Aviv Destrict