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Temporal range: Early Pleistocene tae recent
Lion waiting in Namibia.jpg
Okonjima Lioness.jpg
Female (lioness)
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. leo
Binomial name
Panthera leo
(Linnaeus, 1758)[3]
Distribution o lions in Indie: The Gir Forest, in Gujarat, is the last naitural range o aboot 400 wild Asiatic lions. There are plans tae reintroduce some lions tae Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary in neighbouring Madhya Pradesh.
Felis leo
Linnaeus, 1758[3]

The lion (Panthera leo) is ane o the fower big cats in the genus Panthera an a memmer o the faimily Felidae. Wi some males exceedin 250 kg (550 lb) in wicht,[4] it is the seicont-lairgest livin cat efter the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africae an in Asie, wi an endangered remnant population in Gir Forest Naitional Pairk in Indie, haein disappeared frae North Africae an Soothwast Asie in historic times. Till the late Pleistocene, aboot 10,000 years ago, the lion wis the maist widespread lairge laund mammal efter humans. They wur foond in maist o Africae, athort Eurasie frae wastren Europe tae Indie, an in the Americas frae the Yukon tae Peru.[5] The lion is a vulnerable species, haein seen a major population decline o 30–50% ower the past twa decades[date missin] in its African range.[2] Lion populations are untenable ootside designatit reserves an naitional pairks. Although the cause o the decline is no fully unnerstuid, habitat loss an conflicts wi humans are currently the greatest causes o concern. Athin Africae, the Wast African lion population is pairticularly endangered.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bauer, H., Nowell, K.; Packer, C. (2008). "Panthera leo". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Linnaeus, Carolus (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae :secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. (in Latin) 1 (10th ed.). Holmiae (Laurentii Salvii). p. 41. Retrieved 8 September 2008. 
  4. Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. 
  5. Harington, C. R. (Dick) (1969). "Pleistocene remains of the lion-like cat (Panthera atrox) from the Yukon Territory and northern Alaska". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 6 (5): 1277–88. doi:10.1139/e69-127.