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Temporal range: Late Miocene – present, 5.95–0 Ma
File:An Indian tiger in the wild. Royal, Bengal tiger (27466438332).jpg
Teeger (Panthera tigris), the lairgest species o the genus Panthera
Panthera leo cf fossilis - radius - Ambrona.JPG
Radial bane o Panthera fossilis
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Faimily: Felidae
Subfaimily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
Oken, 1816
Teep species
Felis pardus[2]
Extant species

Panthera tigris
Panthera uncia
Panthera onca
Panthera leo
Panthera pardus

Panthera is a genus o the faimily Felidae (cats), which contains fower well-kent livin speshies: the teeger, the lion, the jaguar, an the leopard. The genus comprises aboot half o the Pantherinae subfaimily, the big cats. The wird panther, while technically referrin tae aw memmers o the genus, is commonly uised tae specifically designate the black panther, a melanistic jaguar or leopard, an the Florida panther, a subspeshie o cougar (Puma concolor coryi).

Speshies, subspeshies, an populations[eedit | eedit soorce]

There hae been mony subspeshies o aw fower Panthera speshies suggested; however, mony o the leopard an lion subspeshies are questionable. Recently it haes been proposed that aw sub-Saharan populations o leopards are o the same leopard subspeshies an that aw sub-Saharan populations o lions likewise belong tae the same lion subspeshies, as thay dae nae hae sufficient genetic distinction atween them. Some prehistoric lion subspeshies hae been describit frae historical evidence an fossils. Thay mey hae been separate speshies.

The "black panther" is nae a distinct species but is just the common name for black (melanistic) specimens o the genus, maist eften encountered in jaguar an leopard speshies.

Taxa[eedit | eedit soorce]

(Extinct speshies an subspeshies are indicatit wi the seembol †)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Genus Panthera". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 546–548. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. Allen, J. A. (1902). "Mammal names proposed by Oken in his 'Lehrbuch der Zoologie'" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 16 (27): 373−379. 
  3. Hemmer, H.; Kahlike, R.-D.; Vekua, A. K. (2004). "The Old World puma Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Lower Villafranchian (Upper Pliocene) of Kvabebi (East Georgia, Transcaucasia) and its evolutionary and biogeographical significance". Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen. 233: 197–233. 
  4. O'Regan, H & Turner, A (2004). "Biostratigraphic & palaeoecological implications of new fossil felid material from the Plio-Pleistocene site of Tegelen, the Netherlands". Palaeontology. 47 (5): 1181–1193. doi:10.1111/j.0031-0239.2004.00400.x. 
  5. Luo SJ, Kim JH, Johnson WE, Walt Jvd, Martenson J; et al. (2004). "Phylogeography and Genetic Ancestry of Tigers (Panthera tigris)". PLoS Biol. 2 (12): e442. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020442. PMC 534810Freely accessible. PMID 15583716.