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Domestic cat
Sindry teeps o domestic cat
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Faimily: Felidae
Genus: Felis
Species: F. catus[1]
Binomial name
Felis catus[1]
  • F. catus domesticus Erxleben, 1777[3]
  • F. angorensis Gmelin, 1788
  • F. vulgaris Fischer, 1829

The domestic cat[2][4] (Felis catus or Felis silvestris catus)[4][5], elsewyes cried a ket or bawdrin, is a smaw, typically furry, domesticatit, an carnivorous mammal. Thay are aft cried hoose cats whan keppit as indoor pets or semply cats whan thare is nae need tae distinguish thaim frae ither felids an felines.[6] Cats is aft valued bi humans fur companionship an thair huntin skills on vermin.

Cats are seemilar in anatomy tae the ither felids, wi strang, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, an teeth adaptit tae killin smaw prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular an predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear soonds owerly faint or owerly heich in frequency for human lugs, sic as thon makit bi mice an ither smaw ainimals. Thay can see in near daurkness. Lik maist ither mammals, cats hae puirer colour veesion an a better sense o smell nor humans.

Despite bein solitar hunters, cats are a social species an cat communication includes the uise o a variety o vocalisations (mewin, purrin, trillin, hissin, growlin, an gruntin), as well as cat pheromones an teeps o cat-speceefic body leid.[7]

Cats hae a heich breedin rate. Unner controlled breedin, thay can be bred an shawn as registered pedigree pets, a hobby kent as cat fancy. Failyie tae control the breedin o pet cats bi neuterin an the abandonment o umwhile hoosehauld pets haes resultit in lairge nummers o feral cats warldwide, requirin population control.[8] This haes contreibutit, alang wi habitat destruction an ither factors, tae extinction o mony bird species. Cats hae been kent tae extirpate a bird species within a speceefic region an mey hae contreibutit tae extinction o isolatit island populations.[9] Cats are thocht tae be primarily, thou nae solely, responsible for the extinction o 33 species o birds, an the presence o feral an free rangin cats maks some locations unsuitable for attemptit species reestablishment in itherwise suitable locations.[10]

Syne cats war veneratit in auncient Egyp, thay war commonly believed tae hae been domesticatit thare,[11] but thare mey hae been instances o domestication as early as the Neolithic frae aroond 9,500 year ago (7,500 BC).[12] A genetic study in 2007 concludit that domestic cats are descendit frae African wildcats (Felis silvestris lybica), havin diverged aroond 8,000 BC in Wast Asie.[11][13] Cats are the maist popular pet in the warld, an are nou foond in awmaist every place whaur humans live.[14]

Thare are mair nor 70 cat breeds aroond the warld. Different associations proclaim different nummers accordin tae thair staundarts. The Internaitional Progressive Cat Breeders Alliance (IPCBA) recognises 73 cat breeds while TICA (The Internaitional Cat Association) recognises 58, CFA (The Cat Fanciers' Association) recognises 44 an Federation Internaitional Feline (FIFE) recognises 43 cat breeds.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Linnaeus, C. (1758). "Felis Catus". Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). 1 (Tenth reformed ed.). Holmiae: Laurentii Salvii. p. 42.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. a b Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Species Felis catus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 534–535. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. Erxleben, J. C. P. (1777). "Felis Catus domesticus". Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species, varietates cvm synonymia et historia animalivm. Classis I. Mammalia. Lipsiae: Weygandt. pp. 520–521.
  4. a b "ITIS Standard Report Page: Felis catus". ITIS Online Database. Reston, Virginia: Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  5. Driscoll, C. A.; Macdonald, D. W.; O'Brien, S. J. (2009). "In the Light of Evolution III: Two Centuries of Darwin Sackler Colloquium: From Wild Animals to Domestic Pets – An Evolutionary View of Domestication". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106 (S1): 9971–9978. Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.9971D. doi:10.1073/pnas.0901586106. PMC 2702791. PMID 19528637.
  6. Housecat. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language ( online ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 2010. Archived frae the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  7. Moelk, Mildred (Apryle 1944). "Vocalizing in the House-cat; A Phonetic and Functional Study". The American Journal of Psychology. 57 (2): 184–205. doi:10.2307/1416947. JSTOR 1416947.
  8. Rochlitz, Irene (2007). The Welfare of Cats. "Animal Welfare" series. Berlin: Springer. pp. 141–175. ISBN 1-4020-6143-9.
  9. Impact of Feral Cats in Australia Archived 2015-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Winters, L, Walter GE IMPACTS of FERAL and FREE-RANGING CATS on Bird Species of Conservation Concern American Bird Conservancy, 31 May 2005.
  11. a b Wade, Nicholas (29 Juin 2007). "Study Traces Cat's Ancestry to Middle East". New York Times. New York: NYTC. Retrieved 2 Apryle 2008.
  12. Vigne JD, Guilaine J, Debue K, Haye L, Gérard P (Apryle 2004). "Early taming of the cat in Cyprus". Science. 304 (5668): 259. doi:10.1126/science.1095335. PMID 15073370.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  13. "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-year-old Burial Found on Cyprus". National Geographic News. National Geographic Society. 8 Apryle 2004. Retrieved 6 Mairch 2007.
  14. Driscoll, Carlos A.; Clutton-Brock, Juliet; Kitchener, Andrew C.; O'Brien, Stephen J. (10 Juin 2009). "The Evolution of House Cats". Scientific American. New York: Nature Pubg. Group. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
  15. "Popular Cat Breeds". Archived frae the original on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.

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