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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Chicago, Illinois)
Clockwise frae tap: Dountoun Chicago, the Chicago Theatre, the Chicago 'L', Navy Pier, Millennium Pairk, the Field Museum, an the Willis Touer.
Banner o Chicago
Official seal of Chicago
The Windy Ceety, The Seicond Ceety, Chi-Toun, Chi-Ceety, Hog Butcher for the Warld, The Ceety That Wirks, an ithers foond at Leet o nicknames for Chicago
Laitin: Urbs in Horto (Ceety in a Garden), Mak Big Plans (Mak Na Smaa Plans), I Will
Location in the Chicago metropolitan aurie an Illinois
Location in the Chicago metropolitan aurie an Illinois
Chicago is located in the Unitit States
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 41°52′55″N 87°37′40″W / 41.88194°N 87.62778°W / 41.88194; -87.62778Coordinates: 41°52′55″N 87°37′40″W / 41.88194°N 87.62778°W / 41.88194; -87.62778
Kintra Unitit States
CoontiesCook, DuPage
IncorporatedMairch 4, 1837
Named forMiami-Illinois: shikaakwa
("Wild ingan")
 • TeepMayor–cooncil
 • MayorLori Lightfoot (D)
 • Ceety606.1 km2 (234.0 sq mi)
 • Laund588 km2 (227.2 sq mi)
 • Water18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)  3.0%
 • Urban
5,498 km2 (2122.8 sq mi)
 • Metro
28,160 km2 (10874 sq mi)
182 m (597 ft)
 (2011 Estimate)[1][2]
 • Ceety2,707,120
 • Rank3rd US
 • Density4447.4/km2 (11864.4/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Area code(s)312, 773, 872

Chicago is the mucklest ceety in the US state o Illinois. Wi ower 2.8 million indwallers, it is the third mucklest ceety in the Unitit States. Locatit on the soothwastren shore o Loch Michigan, Chicago is the third-maist densely populatit major ceety in the US,[4] an centur o the warld's 26t mucklest metropolitan aurie,[5] wi ower 9.5 million indwallers in three states.[6][7]

Chicago is the coonty seat o Cook Coonty, the seicont mucklest coonty in the Unitit States bi population.

Chicago wis foondit in 1833, near a portage atween the Great Lochs an the Mississippi River wattershed. The day, the ceety retains its status as a major hub for industry, telecommunications an infrastructure, wi O'Hare Internaitional Airport bein the seicont busiest airport in the warld. In 2008, the ceety hostit 45.6 million domestic an owerseas visitors.[8] As o 2010, Chicago's metropolitan aurie haes the 4t mucklest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) o aw metropolitan auries in the warld.[9]

The ceety is a centre for business an finance an is leetit as ane o the warld's tap ten Global Financial Centers. The Warld Cities Study Group at Loughborough University ratit Chicago as an "alpha warld ceety".[10]

In a 2010 survey collaboration atween Foreign Policy an A.T Kearney rankin ceeties, Chicago ranked 6t juist efter Paris an Hong Kong.[9] The rankin assesses five dimensions: value o caipital mercats, diversity o human caipital, internaitional information resoorces, internaitional cultural resoorces, an poleetical influence. Chicago haes been ranked bi Forbes as the warld's 5t maist economically pouerful ceety.[11] Chicago is a stranghauld o the Democratic Pairty an haes been hame tae mony influential politeecians, includin, Barack Obama.

The ceety's notoriety is expressed in popular cultur is foond in novels, plays, movies, sangs, various types o journals (e.g., sports, entertainment, business, tred, an academic), an the news media. Chicago haes numerous nicknames, which reflect the impressions an opinions aboot historical an contemporary Chicago. The best kent include: "Chi-toun," "Windy Ceety," "Seicont Ceety," an the "Ceety o Big Shoulders.". Chicago haes an aa been cried "the maist American o big ceeties".

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chicago haes a very well-kent cultur. Some o the mony things Chicago is famous for are: Chicago-style het dugs, Chicago-style (deep dish) pizza, Maxwell Street Pols Sausage, jazz muisic, an 1920s gangsters lik Al Capone. Chicago is an aa kent for interestin airchitectur lik the Sears Touer, mony museums, an mony lyal sports fans.

For mony years, the Sears Touer wis the tawest touer in the warld. It is still the seicont tawest biggin in the Unitit States.

Chicago is home tae the mucklest population o Poles in the warld, ootside o Warsaw. Historic U.S. Route 66 stairts in Chicago bi Grant Park in front o the Art Institute of Chicago.[12]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chicago is a major warld financial centre, wi the seicont lairgest central business destrict in the Unitit States.[13] The ceety is the heidquarters o the Federal Reserve Bank o Chicago (the Seivent Destrict o the Federal Reserve). The ceety is an aa home tae major financial an futurs exchynges. Chase Bank haes its commercial an retail bankin heidquarters in Chicago's Chase Touer.[14]

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are mony museums in Chicago. Thir include:
Adler Planetarium - biggit in 1930, it is the auldest planetarium in the warld
Airt Institute o Chicago - haes a muckle collection o American an Impressionist airt
Field Museum o Naitural History - haes Sue, the mucklest an maist complete Tyrannosaurus fossil kent
Museum o Science an Industry - haes mony exhibits includin a real Boeing 727 jet plane which wis gien tae the museum bi United Airlines
Pols Museum o Americae - Museum hauntit bi famous piano player Ignace Paderewski, haes muckle collection o Pols airt in the biggest Pols ceety ootside o Poland
Shedd Aquarium - at ane time the warld's mucklest aquarium. Has 19 million liters (5 million gallons) o watter an 22,000 fish

Fowk frae Chicago[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some famous fowk who livit in or are frae Chicago.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Illinois' 2010 Census Population Totals, Includin First Look at Race an Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived frae the original on 19 Februar 2011. Retrieved 20 Februar 2011.
  2. "Population Change for the Ten Most Populous and Fastest Growing Metropolitan Statiscal Areas: 2000 to 2010" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Mairch 2011. p. 6. Retrieved 12 Apryle 2011.
  3. U.S. Geological Survey Geografic Names Information Seestem: Ceety o Chicago
  4. "2000 Census: US Municipalities Over 50,000: Ranked by 2000 Density". Demographia. Retrieved 14 Juin 2009.
  5. "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Demographia. Apryle 2009. pp. 35, 91. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2009.
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01)". 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007. Retrieved 1 Januar 2009.
  7. Template:Cite wab
  8. "2008 Visitor Volume Economic Impact". Chicago Convention and Tourism Bureau. 2010. Archived frae the original on 29 Apryle 2011. Retrieved 7 Mey 2010.
  9. a b "Global Cities 2010: The Rankings". Foreign Policy. Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  10. P.J. Taylor; et al. (2009). "Measuring the World City Network: New Developments and Results". Research On Relations Between World Cities. Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network. see Table 1. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2009. Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (help)
  11. In Pictures: World's Most Economically Powerful Cities - Forbes.com
  12. Begin (or End?) Route 66 in Chicago at Theroadwanderer.net
  13. "50 Largest Urban Areas: 2000 Data on Employment & Transit Work Trips" (PDF). demographia. Retrieved 7 August 2009.
  14. "JPMorgan History | The History of Our Firm". Jpmorganchase.com. Retrieved 6 November 2010.

Ither wabsteid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Travel guide tae Chicago frae Wikivoyage