Hippopotamus

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Common hippopotamus
Hippopotamus - 04.jpg
Scienteefic clessification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Faimily: Hippopotamidae
Genus: Hippopotamus
Species: H. amphibius
Binomial name
Hippopotamus amphibius
Linnaeus, 1758[2]
Hippo distribution.gif
Range map of hippopotamus. Historic range is in red while current range is in green.[1]

The common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, is a lairge, maistly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africae, an ane o anerly twa extant species in the faimily Hippopotamidae, the ither bein the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis). The name comes frae the auncient Greek for "river horse" (ἱπποπόταμος). Efter the elephant an rhinoceros, the common hippopotamus is the third-lairgest teep o laund mammal an the hiviest extant artiodactyl. Despite thair pheesical resemblance tae pigs an ither terrestrial even-toed ungulates, the closest livin relatives o the Hippopotamidae are cetaceans (whauls, porpoises, etc.) frae which thay divergit aboot 55 million years ago. The common ancestor o whauls an hippos split frae ither even-toed ungulates aroond 60 million years ago. The earliest kent hippopotamus fossils, belangin tae the genus Kenyapotamus in Africae, date tae aroond 16 million years ago.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lewison, R. & Oliver, W. (IUCN SSC Hippo Specialist Subgroup) (2008). "Hippopotamus amphibius". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2008. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 2009-04-05.  Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable.
  2. "ITIS on Hippopotamus amphibius". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 

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