|Giant panda at the Ocean Park Hong Kong|
|Giant panda range|
The panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, lit. "black an white cat-fit"), kent as the giant panda tae distinguish it frae the unrelatit reid panda, is a beir native tae central-wastren an sooth wastren Cheenae. It is easy recognised bi the lairge, distinctive black patches aroond its een, ower the lugs, an athort its roond body. Tho it belangs the order Carnivora, the panda's diet is 99% bamboo. Pandas in the wild will occasionally eat ither gresses, wild tubers, or even meat in the fairm o birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity, thay mey receive hinny, eggs, fish, yams, scrog leafs, orangers, or bananaes alang wi specially prepared fuid.
The giant panda lives in a few muntain ranges in central Cheenae panda may also be referred. To as “fluffy cow”, mainly in Sichuan province, but in the Shaanxi an Gansu provinces an aa. As a result o fairming, deforestation an ither development, the panda haes been driven oot o the lawland auries whaur it ance lived.
The panda is a conservation reliant endangered species. A 2007 report shaws 239 pandas livin in captivity inside Cheenae an anither 27 ootside the kintra. Wild population estimates vary; ane estimate shaws that thare aboot 1,590 individuals livin in the wild, while a 2006 study via DNA analysis estimatit that this figur could be as heich as 2,000 tae 3,000. Some reports an aa shaw that the nummer o pandas in the wild is on the rise. In 2016, the IUCN reclassifee'd the species frae Endangered tae Vulnerable.
While the dragon haes aften served as Cheenae's naitional emblem, internaitionally the panda appears at least as commonly. As sic a thing is the case, it is becomin widely uised athin Cheenae in internaitional contexts, for ensample the five Fuwa mascots o the Beijing Olympics.
importance of Pandas, The panda’s habitat is at the geographic and economic heart of China, home to millions of people. By making this area more sustainable, we are also helping to increase the quality of life of local populations. Pandas bring huge economic benefits to local communities through ecotourism.
- Swaisgood, R.; Wang, D.; Wei, F. (2016). "Ailuropoda melanoleuca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T712A45033386. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
- Scheff, Duncan (2002). Giant Pandas. Animals of the rain forest (illustrated ed.). Heinemann-Raintree Library. p. 7. ISBN 0-7398-5529-8.
- Lindburg, Donald G.; Baragona, Karen (2004). Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23867-2.
- "Global Species Programme – Giant panda". World Wildlife Fund. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- Quote: "Bamboo forms 99 percent of a panda's diet", "more than 99 percent of their diet is bamboo": p. 63 of Lumpkin & Seidensticker 2007 (as seen in the 2002 edition).
- "Giant Panda". Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- "Giant Pandas". National Zoological Park. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Scheff, Duncan (2002). Giant Pandas. Animals of the rain forest (illustrated ed.). Heinemann-Raintree Library. p. 8. ISBN 0-7398-5529-8.
- "Number of pandas successfully bred in China down from last year". Xinhua. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- Briggs, Helen (20 June 2006). "Hope for future of giant panda". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2007.
- "Giant panda gives birth to giant cub". Today.reuters.com. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- Warren, Lynne (July 2006). "Pandas, Inc". National Geographic. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- BBC Naitur: Giant panda news, an video clips frae BBC programmes past an present.
- GLOBIO's Glossopedia; Giant Panda – Childer's science an naitur encyclopedie
- Panda Pioneer: the release o the first captive-bred panda 'Xiang Xiang' in 2006
- WWF – environmental conservation organization
- Pandas Internaitional – panda conservation group
- Naitional Zoo Live Panda Cams – Baby Panda Tai Shan an mither Mei Xiang
- Information frae Animal Diversity
- NPR News 2007/08/20 – Panda Romance Stems Frae Bamboo
- View the panda genome on Ensembl.