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Londonderry (Ulster Scotch an Inglis spellin o Lunnonderry), kent by monie fowk as Derry, is the seicont mukkilest ceitie in Northren Ireland (eftir Belfast) an the fowert-mukkilest ceitie on the iland o Ireland. In the 2001 Census the ceitie proper haed 83,652 indwallers.

The ceitie ligs in the nor'wast o Northren Ireland naur the mairch wi Coonty Dunnygal, whilk is pairt o the Republic o Ireland. The ceitie is naur the mooth o Loch Foyle an kivers baith banks o the River Foyle. The auld wawd ceitie o Derry is on the wast bank o the River Foyle. The wast bank is aften kent as "Ceitiesyd" whyls the aest bank is aften kent as "Wattirsyd".

In 2013, Derry became the first Unitit Kinrick Ceitie o Cultur, haein been gien the teetil in Julie 2010.[1][2]

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Derry is an anglifee'd form o the auld Erse Daire, spelt Doire in modren Erse, meinin "aiken-shaw". In 1613, the ceitie wis grantit a Ryal Chairter bi King James I an the "Lunnon" prefix wis eikit, chyngin its name til Lunnonderry. A Hie Coort deceision in Januar 2007 statit that this byds sae.[3][4]

Houaniver, the ceitie is mair aften kent as Derry an this is the name broukit bi the ceitie cooncil, airport, fitbaw club an rigby club.

Historie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceitie is ane o the auldest touns in Ireland, wi the auldest records, datin frae the 6t centurie. The ceitie wis shent durin the Tudor owertakin o Ireland in 1608.

In the 17t centurie, durin the plantations o Ulster, monie Breetish fowk cam til Derry.

Durin the 19t centurie monie fowk left aucht til the Erse Faimine.

Follaein the parteition o Ireland in 1921, the toun becam a mairch ceitie.

Eftir the Northren Ireland Ceivil Richts Muvement wis declared unlawfu, the ceitie wis gey affectit bi The Tribbles, wi a lot o fechtin atwein Catholic Naitionalists an Protestant Unionists.

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nouadays, thar is 90,736 fowk bydin in the Urban Airt; 77.8% o thir fowk is Catholic, wi maist o the lave bein Protestant.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baith fitbaw an Gaelic Fitbaw is weil-likit in the ceitie. The Derry Ceitie Fitbaw Club plays in the Leig o Ireland, in the Republic o Ireland, aucht ti croud tribbil in the bygane.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. BBC News (15 Julie 2010). "Londonderry named the UK City of Culture". BBC News. Retrieved 15 Julie 2010.
  2. Palmer, Robert. "The race is on to find UK's first 'City of Culture' for 2013". The National Archives. Retrieved 15 Julie 2010.
  3. Derry City Council Application for Judicial Review
  4. Stroke City to remain Londonderry

Coordinates: 54°59′30″N 7°20′30″W / 54.9917°N 7.3417°W / 54.9917; -7.3417