Aiberdeen

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Aiberdeen

  • Aberdeen
  • Obar Dheathain
Fae left tae richt: Marischal College, Wast Tower o the new Toun Hoose on Union Street, River Dee view fae Tollohill Wids, Auld Aiberdeen Heich Street, Aiberdeen Beach
Fae left tae richt: Marischal College, Wast Tower o the new Toun Hoose on Union Street, River Dee view fae Tollohill Wids, Auld Aiberdeen Heich Street, Aiberdeen Beach
Banner o Aiberdeen
Banner
Coat of airms o Aiberdeen
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
"Granite Ceety", "Grey Ceety", "Siller Ceety", and "Siller Ceety wi the Gowden Sands"
Location within Scotland
Location within Scotland
Aiberdeen is located in the Unitit Kinrick
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Location within Scotland
Aiberdeen is located in Scotland
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen (Scotland)
Aiberdeen is located in Europe
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen (Europe)
Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaAberdeen City
Lieutenancy areaAberdeen
Earliest Charter1179
City status1891
Govrenment
 • Governing bodyAberdeen City Council
 • Lord ProvostBarney Crockett
 • MSPs
 • MPs
Area
 • Ceety and council area185.7 km2 (71.7 sq mi)
Population
 (mid-2016 est.)
196,670[3]
 • Density3505.7/km2 (9,080/sq mi)
 • Urban
214,610[2]
 • Metro
239,530[1]
 • Leid(s)
Scots (Doric) Inglis
Demonym(s)Aberdonians
Time zoneUTC±0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode areas
Area code(s)01224
ISO 3166-2GB-ABE
ONS codeS12000033
OS grid referenceNJ925065
NUTS 3UKM50
Primary AirportAberdeen Airport
Websitewww.aberdeencity.gov.uk
Aiberdeen Mercat Cross

Aiberdeen (Inglis: Aberdeen; Scots Gaelic: Obar Dheathain) is eh third burgh o Scotland, wi fowk nummerin 212,125. It is eh main toun an port o eh North-East o Scotland.

It his eh teename o 'The Oil Capital Of Europe' thanks til eh muckle supply o crude ayl in eh North Sea. It sits oan eh coast o eh North Sea, atween eh mous o eh Don an eh Dee. Aiberdeen is een o eh 32 cooncil areas o Scotland an officially kent as 'The City of Aberdeen'.

Coat o Airms an Motto[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen City Cooncil's Coat o Airms

Eh Aiberdeen Coat o Airms is makkit up wi twa leopards haudin a reid shield wi three wee castles oan it.

Eh motto o Aiberdeen is 'Bon Accord'.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his seen humans bidin fur mair than 8,000 year.[4] Eh burgh stertit as twa separate touns: Auld Aiberdeen at eh mou o eh river Don; an New Aiberdeen, a fishin toun, far eh Denburn watterway entered eh Dee estuary. Eh earliest charter wis grantit by William eh Lion in 1179 an confirmed eh corporate richts grantit by David I. In 1319, eh Great Chairter o Robert eh Bruce transformit Aiberdeen tae a financially independent toun. Grantit wi it wis eh nearby Forest o Stocket, fas income formed eh basis for eh burghs Common Guid Fund fit still benefits Aiberdonians.[5][6] I In eh Wars o Scots Independence, Aiberdeen wis under Inglis rule, sae Robert eh Bruce laid siege tae Aiberdeen Castle afore destroyin it in 1308, follaed by eh massacrin o eh Inglis garrison. eh burgh wis burnt by Edward III o Ingland in 1336, but wis rebuilt an extendit. Eh burgh wis strangly fortified tae stop attacks by nearby lairds, but eh fortifications were removit by 1770.

The Powis gate Auld Aberdeen

In eh Wars o eh Three Kinricks o 1644–1647 eh burgh wis plunderit by baith sides. In 1644, it wis taen an destroyit by Royalist troops efter eh Battle o Aiberdeen[7] an twa year later it wis stormit by a Royalist force unner eh command o eh Marquis o Huntly.[8] In 1647 an ootbreak o bubonic plague killit a quarter o eh population. In eh 18th century, a new Toun Hoose wis built an eh first social services appearit wi eh Infirmary at Woolmanhill in 1742 an eh Lunatic Asylum in 1779. Eh cooncil began major road improvements at eh end o eh 18th century wi eh main strachts o George Street, King Street an Union Street aw completit at eh stert o eh 19th century.

Union Terrace, Aberdeen, circa 1900

Eh expensive infrastructure works led tae eh burgh acomin bankrupt in 1817 in eh Post-Napoleonic depression, an economic dounturn immediately efter eh Napoleonic Wars; but eh burghs prosperity later recoverit. Eh increasin economic importance o Aiberdeen an eh development o eh shipbuilding an fishin industries led tae eh buildin o eh present haven includin Victoria Dock an eh Sooth Brakwatter, an eh extension o eh North Pier. Gas street lichts cam in 1824, an enhanced watter supply came in 1830 fan watter wis pumpit frae eh Dee tae a reservoir in Union Place. An unnergrund sewer system replacit open sewers in 1865.[6] Eh burgh wis incorporatit in 1891. Though Auld Aiberdeen haes a separate history an still his its auld chairter, it isnae officially independent noo. It is an integral pairt o eh burgh, as is Woodside an eh Royal Burgh o Torry tae eh sooth o eh River Dee.

Backgroond[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk's west front

St Machar Cathedral is a Presbyterian Kirk in Aiberdeen.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen haes twa universities, eh ancient University Aiberdeen, an Robert Gordon University, a modren university often referred tae as RGU. Aiberdeen's student rate o 11.5% is heicher nor eh naitional average o 7%.[9]

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

The scran and pieces - butteries (butter rolls), stovies (mince, tatties, mirrans, ingins), buckies, Aiberdeen Angus beef etc.

Pairks an open spaces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Duthie Pairk
  • Hazleheid Pairk
  • Seaton Pairk
  • Johnstane Gairdens
  • Victoria Pairk
  • Wastburn Pairk

Statues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brigs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his many brigs, eh maist weel-kent is eh Brig o Dee an eh Brig o Don.

Haven[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haven o Aiberdeen
Haven o Aiberdeen

Aiberdeen Haven serves eh ayl industry asweel as eh fishin industry

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1396 eh population wis aboot 3,000 fowk. By 1801 it hid grown tae 26,992. In 1841 it wis 63,262; in 1891 121,623; in 1901 153,503; in 2001 it wis 197,328.

Suburbs & Areas[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Fittie - Fit o eh dee
  • Dyce - North
  • Torry - Sooth
  • Garthdee
  • Kincorth
  • Pittodrie
  • Ruthrieston
  • Rubislaw
  • Donside Village
  • Brig o Don
  • Stoneywid
  • Bucksburn
  • Cove
  • Bieldside
  • Cults

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pittodrie stadium

Aiberdeen Fitbaw Club wis foondit in 1903. Its major success wis winnin eh European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 an three league Championships atween 1980 an 1986, unner eh management o Alex Ferguson, also former Manchester United F.C. manager. eh club's stadium is Pittodrie at hauds eh honour o bein Breetain's first aw-seatit stadium an first wi a dugoot.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin Cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen is twinn'd wi several burghs throughout Europe an aa aroond eh world. includin:

See anaw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "UNITED KINGDOM: Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. "UNITED KINGDOM: Countries and Major Urban Areas". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. "Mid-2012 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". Government of the United Kingdom. 31 Mey 2013. Archived frae the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  4. "Welcome to Aberdeen". Aberdeen Accommodation Index. Retrieved 19 Februar 2007.
  5. Keith, Alexander (1987). A Thousand Years of Aberdeen. Aberdeen University Press.
  6. a b Fraser, W. Hamish (2000). Aberdeen, 1800 to 2000: A New History. Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press.
  7. Brown, Chris (2002). The Battle of Aberdeen 1644. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing.
  8.  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1890). "Gordon, George (d.1649)" . In Leslie Stephen an Sidney Lee (ed.). Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 190–194.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. "Comparative Education Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil areas o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceetie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceetie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles