Odessa Oblast

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Odessa Oblast
Одеська область
Odes’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Odessa Oblast
Banner
Coat o airms o Odessa Oblast
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): Одещина (Odeshchyna)
Location o Odessa Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Kintra  Ukraine
Admin. centre Odessa
Govrenment
 • Governor Eduard Matviychuk[1] (Pairty o Regions[1])
 • Oblast cooncil 120 seats
 • Chairperson Mykola Leonidovych Skoryk (Pairty o Regions)
Area
 • Tot 33,310 km2 (12,860 sq mi)
Aurie rank Ranked 1st
Population (2008)
 • Tot 2,687,543
 • Rank Ranked 6
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 65000-68999
Aurie code +380-48
ISO 3166 code UA-51
Raions 26
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 7
Ceeties (total) 19
Touns 33
Villages 1138
FIPS 10-4 UP17
Website www.odessa.gov.ua

Odessa Oblast, an aa written as Odesa Oblast (Ukrainian: Одеська область, translit. Odes’ka oblast’; an aa referred tae as OdeshchynaUkrainian: Одещина), (Greek: Οδησσός) is the lairgest an soothmaist oblast (province) o sooth-wastren Ukraine. The admeenistrative center o the oblast is the ceety o Odessa.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The evidence o the earliest inhabitants in this aurie comes frae the settlements an burial grunds o the Neolithic Gumelniţa, Cucuteni-Trypillian an Usatovo culturs, as well as tumuli an hoards o the Bronze Age Proto-Indo-Europeans. In the 1st millennium B.C. the Milesian Greeks built colonies alang the North Black Sea Coast, includin the touns o Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, an Chersonesus. The Greeks left ahint painted vessels, ceramics, sculpturs, inscriptions, airts an crafts that indicate the prosperity o their auncient ceevilisation.

The cultur o Scythian tribes inhabitin the Black Sea littoral steppes is representit bi fynds frae settlements an burial grunds. There are weapon items, bronze cauldrons, ither utensils, adornments. Bi the beginnin o the 1st millennium A.D. the Sarmatians displaced the Scythians. In the 3rd–4t centuries A.D. the tribal alliance, representit bi the items o Chernyakhov cultur, wis creatit. Syne the middle o the first millennium the formation o Slavic fowk began. In the 9t century they wur unitit intae a state wi Kiev as a centre. The Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs wur the Slavs' neighbours durin the different times. The period o the 9t–14t centuries is reflectit bi the materials frae the settlements an ceeties o Kievan Rus', Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan Island.

Umwhile ruled bi the Ottoman Empire, the territory o the Odessa oblast passed intae Roushie an Soviet haunds in various stages atween the aichteent an 20t centuries. The Roushie Empire's expansion alang the Black Sea coast led tae the creation of the territory o Novorossiya, which wis colonised bi a variety o fowks, o whom the Roushies wur dominant. The Odessa oblast corresponds tae the maist wasterly portion o "New Roushie".

The oblast wis creatit on 27 Februar 1932 as pairt o the Ukrainian SSR. It wis expandit further in 1954 bi absorbin Izmail Oblast (umwhile kent as Budjak region o Bessarabie).

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast occupees an aurie o aroond 33,300 square kilometres (12,850 square miles). It is characterised bi lairgely flat steppes dividit bi the estuary o the Dniester river. Its Black Sea coast comprises numerous sandy beaches, estuaries an lagoons. The region's soils are renouned for their fertility, an intensive agricultur is the mainstay o the local economy. The soothwast possesses mony orchards an vineyards, while arable crops are grown throughoot the region.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rapeseed Field in Odessa Oblast.

Significant branches o the oblast's economy are:

The region's industrial capability is principally concentratit in an aroond Odessa.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast's population (as o 2004) is 2.4 million fowk, nearly 40% o whom live in the ceety o Odessa.

Significant Romanie (6.2%) an Bulgarie (6.1%) minorities reside in the province.[2] There is a sma Greek community in the ceety o Odessa.

Bulgaries an Moldovans / Romanies represent 21% an 13% respectively, o the population in the region o Budjak, athin Odessa oblast.

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Odessa Oblast is admeenistratively subdividit intae 26 raions (destricts) an 7 municipalities which are directly subordinate tae the oblast govrenment - (Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi an Chornomorsk), (Izmail, Podilsk, Teplodar, Yuzhne an the admeenistrative center o the oblast, Odessa).

Detailed map o Odessa Oblast
Name Ukrainian name Aurie
(km2)
Population 2015[3] Admeen.center Urban Population Anerly*
Odessa Одеса (місто) 139 1,010,490 Odessa (ceety) 1,010,490
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Білгород-Дністровський (місто) 31 57,559 Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi (ceety) 57,559
Chornomorsk Чорноморськ (місто) 25 72,553 Chornomorsk (ceety) 67,323
Izmail Ізмаї́л (місто) 53 72,266 Izmail (ceety) 72,266
Podilsk Подільськ 25 40,613 Podilsk (ceety) 40,613
Teplodar Теплодар (місто) 3 10,277 Teplodar (ceety) 10,277
Yuzhne Южне (місто) 9 32,149 Yuzhne (ceety) 32,149
Ananyiv Raion Ананьївський (район) 1,050 26,999 Ananyiv 8,441
Artsyz Raion ^ Арцизький (район) 1,379 45,274 Artsyz 14,886
Balta Raion Балтський (район) 1,317 41,666 Balta 18,940
Berezivka Raion Березівський (район) 1,637 33,930 Berezivka 12,614
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion ^ Білгород-Дністровський (район) 1,852 60,774 Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi (ceety) N/A *
Bilyayivka Raion Біляївський (район) 1,497 94,083 Biliaivka 14,334
Bolhrad Raion ^ Болградський (район) 1,364 69,148 Bolhrad 15,451
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський (район) 1,162 26,604 Ivanivka 8,807
Izmail Raion * Ізмаїльський (район) 1,194 51,584 Izmail (ceety) N/A *
Kiliya Raion ^ Кілійський (район) 1,358 52,400 Kiliya 28,434
Kodyma Raion Кодимський (район) 818 29,586 Kodyma 11,195
Kominternivske Raion Комінтернівський (район) 1,499 71,158 Kominternivske 14,028
Liubashivka Raion Любашівський (район) 1,100 30,688 Liubashivka 10,954
Mykolaivka Raion Миколаївський (район) 1,093 16,127 Mykolaivka 2,850
Ovidiopol Raion Овідіопольський (район) 829 78,941 Ovidiopol 32,486
Okny Raion Окнянський (район) 1,013 20,186 Okny 5,338
Podilsk Raion Подільський (район) 1,037 27,091 Podilsk (ceety) N/A *
Reni Raion ^ Ренійський (район) 861 58,352 Reni 25,527
Rozdilna Raion Роздільнянський (район) 1,368 37,353 Rozdilna 19,003
Sarata Raion ^ Саратський (район) 1,474 45,057 Sarata 4,351
Savran Raion Савранський (район) 617 19,083 Savran 6,420
Shyriaieve Raion Ширяївський (район) 1,502 27,151 Shyriaieve 6,781
Tarutyne Raion ^ Тарутинський (район) 1,874 41,603 Tarutyne 12,932
Tatarbunary Raion ^ Татарбунарський (район) 1,748 38,825 Tatarbunary 10,988
Velyka Mykhailivka Raion Великомихайлівський (район) 1,436 31,006 Velyka Mykhailivka 8,472
Zakharivka Raion Захарівський (район) 956 20,233 Zakharivka 8,881

Nomenclatur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Ukraine's oblasts are named efter their caipital ceeties, offeecially referred tae as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name o each oblast is a relative adjective, formed bi addin a feminine suffix tae the name o respective center ceety: Odessa is the center o the Odes’ka oblast’ (Odessa Oblast). Maist oblasts are an aa sometimes referred tae in a feminine noun form, follaein the convention o traditional regional place names, endin wi the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case wi the Odessa Oblast, Odeshchyna.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 President appoints 14 regional governors, Interfax-Ukraine (March 18, 2010)
  2. Results of the 2001 All-Ukrainian population census for the Odessa oblast
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ua2015estimate

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 47°00′N 30°00′E / 47.000°N 30.000°E / 47.000; 30.000