Chornomorsk

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Chornomorsk
Чорноморськ
Ceety o regional significance
Monument o Glory
Monument o Glory
Banner o Chornomorsk
Banner
Coat o airms o Chornomorsk
Coat o airms
Coordinates: 46°18′06.0″N 30°39′25.0″E / 46.301667°N 30.656944°E / 46.301667; 30.656944
Kintra  Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
Municipality Chornomorsk
Aurie
 • Total 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Population (1 Januar 2011)[1]
 • Tot 59,229
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 68000—68090
Aurie code(s) +380 4868
Climate Cfb
Wabsteid www.ilyichevsk-rada.gov.ua

Chornomorsk (Ukrainian: Чорноморськ), umwhile Illichivsk (Ukrainian: Іллічі́вськ, translit. Illichivs'k, [Ильичёвск, Ilyichyovsk] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) is a ceety in the Odessa Oblast (province) o sooth-wastren Ukraine, dependent on the Port o Chornomorsk. The ceety is locatit aroond the Sukhyi Estuary. Admeenistratively, Chornomorsk is incorporatit as a ceety o oblast significance.

Chornomorsk sea-front
Pairk in Chornomorsk
Monument in dountoun Chornomorsk
Shkilnyi Stadium

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chornomorsk is situatit on the coast o the Black Sea, 12 miles (20 km) sooth frae Odessa.

Admeenistrative status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chornomorsk is a ceety o oblast significance athin Odessa Oblast.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chornomorsk, formerly Illichivsk, wis granted a ceety status in 1952 aroond the port, incorporating surroondin smaw settlements (datin back tae 18t century). Afore the construction o the port thare wis a veelage Buhovi khutory that in 1927 wis renamed intae Illichivsky.

On 15 Mey 2015 Preses o Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill intae law which began a sax months period for the remuival o communist monuments an the mandatory renamin o dounsets wi a name relatit tae Communism.[2] On 12 November 2015, the Ceety Cooncil decidit tae rename the ceety tae Chornomorsk. The decision wis confirmit bi the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian pairlament) on 4 Februar 2016.[3] The ceety wis oreeginally namit efter Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the ceety wis designed tae acome a new hame for the Black Sea Shipping Company (then the lairgest passenger an commercial vessel operator in the warld which declared bankruptcy in early 1990s). Oreeginally a builder's trailer veelage, Chornomorsk haes expandit tae acome Ukraine's maist prosperous toun (bi income per caipita). Residents are maistly employed bi the port (ane o the lairgest ports o Europe) an the maritime industry. Residents o Odessa hae recently begun relocatin tae lawer-cost but heicher-income Chornomorsk.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2001 Ukrainian Census:

Ethnicity Proportion
Ukrainians 66.5%
Roushies 28.5%
Bulgaries 1%
Moldovans, Belaroushies, Romanies, an ither 4%

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Train ferry service tae Bulgarie[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa: UkrFerry

Chornomorsk wis connected bi freight train ferry line (426 km) tae Varna in Bulgaria in 1978. Four train ferries twa Soviet an twa Bulgarian ones, named "Hero of Odessa", "Hero of Sevastopol" an "Hero of Schipka", "Hero of Pleven" which coud tak in three decks a tot o 108 twa bogie (fower axle) Soviet freight cars. In the first ten-year period (1978–1988), thir train ferries haed transported 1.000.000 freight cars atween Illichivsk an Varna. This train ferry service teuk 17 oors in baith directions. The Bulgarians biggit gauge changing apparatus at Varna which made it possible tae chynge bogies o 24 freight cars in ane oor thirty minutes.

Industries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chornomorsk local economy is largely oriented tae the sea. The biggest employer is a State Enterprise: "Chornomorsk Maritime Trade Port". The headquarters an manufacturing facilities o "Antarctica" (Ukraine's lairgest fishing company) are an aa locatit in Chornomorsk. Ither major maritime shipping companies hae an aa chosen tae open thair offices in Chornomorsk. The ceety's healthy economy continues tae attract new businesses an residents.

The ceety an aa haes a freight railway station Chornomorsk.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chornomorsk is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]