The 12t o November is the 316t day o the year (317t in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 49 days bidin.
- 1793 - Jean-Sylvain Bailly, first Mayor o Paris, is executit bi guillotine.
- 1847 - Scots medicinar James Young Simpson publishes a piece on the effects o chloroform.
- 1905 - A majority o voters in newly independent Norawa support haein a monarchy.
- 1908 - A mine shaft splosion in Hamm, wastren Germany, kills 348 fowk.
- 1918 - Austrick becomes a republic.
- 1928 - The ship "SS Vestris" sinks aroond 200 kilometres aff Hampton Roads, Virginie, killin at least 110 fowk.
- 1956 - Morocco, Sudan an Tunisie jyn the Unitit Naitions.
- 1968 - Equatorial Guinea jyns the Unitit Naitions.
- 1975 - The Comoros jyn the Unitit Naitions.
- 1980 - The Voyager 1 spacecraft taks pictures o the planet Saturn an its rings.
- 1982 - Pols Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is released.
- 1982 - Yuri Andropov is installed as leader o the Soviet Union efter the daith o Leonid Brezhnev.
- 1990 - Akihito is formally installed as Emperor o Japan.
- 1990 - Tim Berners-Lee publishes his final proposal for the Warld Wide Web.
- 1995 - Mozambique jyns the Commonweel o Nations.
- 1999 - A yirdquauk in Northwastren Turkey kills 370 fowk.
- 2001 - American Airlines Flicht 587 crashes in Queens, New York Ceety, killin 260 fowk.
- 2003 - A suicide bombin on an Italian polis base in Nasiriyah, Iraq, kills 23 fowk.
- 2011 - Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime meenister o Italy.
- 2014 - The Rosetta spacecraft's Philae lander lands on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
- 2015 - Suicide bomb attacks in Beirut, Lebanon, kill at least 40 fowk.
- 2017 - A magnitude 7.3 yirdquauk hits the mairch region o Iran an Iraq, killin at least 450 fowk.
- 1774 - Charles Bell, Scots anatomist an pheesiologist (d. 1842)
- 1815 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American activist (d. 1902)
- 1817 - Baha'u'llah, founder o the Baha'i Faith (d. 1892)
- 1833 - Alexander Borodin, Roushie componer (d. 1887)
- 1840 - Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (d. 1917)
- 1842 - John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Inglis pheesicist (d. 1919)
- 1866 - Sun Yat-sen, Cheenese poleetical leader (d. 1925)
- 1915 - Roland Barthes, French polymath (d. 1980)
- 1923 - Loriot, German comedian, actor an writer (d. 2011)
- 1929 - Michael Ende, German writer (d. 1995)
- 1929 - Grace Kelly, American actress an Princess o Monaco (d. 1982)
- 1933 - Jalal Talabani, Iraqi Kurdish politeecian, Preses o Iraq (d. 2017)
- 1934 - Charles Manson, American mass murtherer an cult leader (d. 2017)
- 1945 - Neil Young, Canadian sangster an sangwriter
- 1948 - Hassan Rouhani, Preses o Iran
- 1960 - Maurane, Belgian sangster (d. 2018)
- 1961 - Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast
- 1964 - Michael Kremer, American economist
- 1968 - Kathleen Hanna, American sangster
- 1971 - Chen Guangcheng, Cheenese activist
- 1975 - Katherine Grainger, Scots rower
- 1980 - Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
- 1980 - Bob Malcolm, Scots fitbawer
- 1982 - Anne Hathaway, American actress
- 1996 - Scott McKenna, Scots fitbawer