Gulf War

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Gulf War
Gulf War Photobox.jpg
Clockwise frae tap: USAF F-15Es, F-16s, an an F-15C flyin ower burnin Kuwaiti ile wells; Breetish truips frae the Staffordshire Regiment in Operation Granby; camera view frae a Lockheed AC-130; Highway o Daith; M728 Combat Ingineer Vehicle.
Date 2 August 1990 – 28 Februar 1991
(6 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)
(Operation Desert Storm offeecially endit on 30 November 1995)[3]
Location Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabie, Israel
Result

Decisive Coaleetion victory

Belligerents

Coaleetion forces:
 Unitit States
 Kuwait
 Unitit Kinrick
 Saudi Arabie
 Fraunce
 Italy
 Canadae
 Egyp
 Sirie
 Morocco
 Unitit Arab Emirates
 Pakistan
 Oman
 Qatar

Iraq
Commanders and leaders

Kuwait Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Unitit States George H.W. Bush
Unitit States Colin Powell
Unitit States Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.
Unitit States Dick Cheney
Unitit States Chuck Horner
Unitit Kinrick John Major
Unitit Kinrick Margaret Thatcher
Unitit Kinrick Peter de la Billière
Saudi Arabie Keeng Fahd

Saudi Arabie Prince Khalid bin Sultan[4][5]

Iraq Saddam Hussein
Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid
Iraq Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Iraq Salah Aboud Mahmoud
Iraq Hussein Kamel al-Majid

Iraq Abid Hamid Mahmud
Strength
956,600, includin 700,000 US Truips [6][7] 650,000 frontline troops.
1,000,000 reserve troops
4,280 tanks
700 aircraft
2,870 APCs/IFVs
3,110 artillery pieces[8]
Casualties and losses
Coaleetion:
148 US soldiers killed in action,[9] 145 non-hostile daiths
467 woondit in action
Tot: 293 killed
776 woondit[10]
Equipment losses:
Tanks destroyed: 28[11][12]
Artillery destroyed: 1[13]
IFVs destroyed: 9[13]
Helicopters destroyed: 23 [8]
Aircraft destroyed: 52[8]
Kuwait:
200 killed[14]

20,000–35,000 killed
75,000+ woondit[10]

300,000 desertit or capturt[15]
Equipment losses:
Tanks destroyed: 3,700[8]–4,000[13]
Airtillery destroyed: 2,140[13]
IFVs destroyed: 1,856[13]
Helicopters destroyed: 7[13]
Aircraft destroyed: 240[13]
Naval Ships sunk: 19[8]
Naval Ships damaged: 6[8]

Kuwaiti ceevilian losses:
Ower 1,000 killed[16]
600 missin fowk[17]
Iraqi ceevilian losses:
Aboot 3,664 killed[18]

Ither ceevilian losses:
300 ceevilians killed, mair injured[19]

The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 Februar 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 Januar 1991) for operations leadin tae the bigup o truips an defense o Saudi Arabie an Operation Desert Storm (17 Januar 1991 – 28 Februar 1991) in its combat phase, wis a war in the Persie Gulf region waged bi Unitit States-led coaleetion forces frae 34 naitions against Ba'athist Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion an annexation o Kuwait.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bangladesh and the Gulf War: Response of a Small State". Jstor Home. 24 September 1997. Retrieved 1 Februar 2015. 
  2. "Persian Gulf War". Jstor Home. 3 November 1991. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  3. "Historical Events on 30th November". Historyorb.com. Retrieved 18 Mairch 2010. 
  4. Persian Gulf War, the Sandhurst-trained Prince
    Khaled bin Sultan al-Saud was co-commander with General Norman Schwarzkopf
    www.casi.org.uk/discuss
  5. General Khaled was Co-Commander, with U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf, of the allied coalition that liberated Kuwait www.thefreelibrary.com
  6. Gulf War Coaleetion Forces (Latest available) bi kintra www.nationmaster.com at the Wayback Machine (archived November 5, 2013)
  7. Hersh, Seymour (2005). Chain of Command. Penguin Books. p. 181. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 "Fast Facts about Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm". osd.mil. 
  9. International Law Norms, Actors, Process, 3rd Edition
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Persian Gulf War". MSN Encarta. Archived frae the original on 31 October 2009. 
  11. Tanks During the First Gulf War
  12. Nordeen&Isby P.66
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 "1991 Gulf War Information". cryan.com. 
  14. Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait; 1990 (Air War). Acig.org. Retrieved on 12 June 2011
  15. Kenneth Michael Pollack-- Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948–1991. 2002. Page 573.
  16. "The Use of Terror during Iraq's invasion of Kuwait". The Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived frae the original on 24 Januar 2005. Retrieved 22 Juin 2010. 
  17. "Kuwait: missing people: a step in the right direction". Red Cross. 
  18. "The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict". Project on Defense Alternatives. Retrieved 9 Mey 2009. 
  19. Fetter, Steve; Lewis, George N.; Gronlund, Lisbeth (28 Januar 1993). "Why were Casualties so low?" (PDF). Nature. London. 361 (6410): 293–296. doi:10.1038/361293a0.