John Major

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Sir John Major

Major in 1995
Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick
In office
28 November 1990 – 2 May 1997
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputeMichael Heseltine (1995-97)
Precedit biMargaret Thatcher
Succeedit biTony Blair
Leader o the Opposeetion
In office
2 Mey 1997 – 19 Juin 1997
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MeenisterTony Blair
DeputeMichael Heseltine
Precedit biTony Blair
Succeedit biWilliam Hague
Shaidae Foreign Secretar
In office
7 Mey 1997 – 11 Juin 1997
Precedit biRobin Cook
Succeedit biMichael Howard
Leader o the Conservative Pairty
In office
27 November 1990 – 19 Juin 1997
Precedit biMargaret Thatcher
Succeedit biWilliam Hague
Chancellor o the Exchequer
In office
26 October 1989 – 28 November 1990
Prime MeenisterMargaret Thatcher
Precedit biNigel Lawson
Succeedit biNorman Lamont
Secretar o State for Foreign an Commonweel Affairs
In office
24 Julie 1989 – 26 October 1989
Prime MeenisterMargaret Thatcher
Precedit biGeoffrey Howe
Succeedit biDouglas Hurd
Chief Secretar tae the Treasury
In office
13 Juin 1987 – 24 Julie 1989
Prime MeenisterMargaret Thatcher
Precedit biJohn MacGregor
Succeedit biNorman Lamont
Meenister o State for Social Security
In office
10 September 1986 – 13 Juin 1987
Prime MeenisterMargaret Thatcher
Precedit biTony Newton
Succeedit biNicholas Scott
Member o Pairlament
for Huntingdon
Huntingdonshire (1979–1983)
In office
3 Mey 1979 – 7 Juin 2001
Precedit biDavid Renton
Succeedit biJonathan Djanogly
Personal details
Born (1943-03-29) 29 Mairch 1943 (age 80)
Carshalton, Surrey, Ingland
Poleetical pairtyConservative
Spoose(s)Norma Johnson (m. 1970)
RelationsTom Major-Ball
(faither, deceased)
Terry Major-Ball
(brither, deceased)
SignaturFile:Signature of John Major.png

Sir John Major, KG, CH (born 29 Mairch 1943) is a Breetish Conservative Pairty politeecian who served as Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick an Leader o the Conservative Pairty frae 1990 tae 1997. He served as Furrin Secretar an then Chancellor o the Exchequer in the Thatcher Govrenment frae 1989 tae 1990, an wis the Member o Pairlament (MP) for Huntingdon frae 1979 till his retirement in 2001. Syne the daith o Margaret Thatcher in 2013, he haes been the auldest leevin umwhile Prime Meenister.

Born in St Helier, Surrey, Major grew up in Brixton. He ineetially wirked as an insurance clark, an then at the London Electricity Board, afore acomin an executive at Standard Chartered. He wis first electit tae the Hoose o Commons at the 1979 general election as the Member o Pairlament for Huntingdon. He served as a Pairlamentar Preevat Secretary, Assistant Whip an as a Meenister for Social Security. In 1987, he wis appyntit Chief Secretar tae the Thesaury, an then as Furrin Secretar twa years later. Juist three month later in October 1989, he wis promotit tae Chancellor o the Exchequer, whaur he presentit the 1990 budget.

Major becam Prime Meenister efter Thatcher's reluctant resignation in November 1990. He presidit ower Breetish pairteecipation in the Gulf War in Mairch 1991, an negotiatit the Maastricht Treaty in December 1991.[1] He went on tae lead the Conservatives tae a record fowert consecutive electoral veectory, winnin the maist votes in Breetish electoral history wi ower 14,000,000 votes at the 1992 general election, awbeit wi a reduced majority in the Hoose o Commons. Shortly efter this, even tho a staunch supporter o the Excheenge Rate Mechanism (ERM), his govrenment becam responsible for Breetish exit frae the ERM efter Black Wadensday on 16 September 1992. This event led tae a loss o confidence in Conservative economic policies an Major wis niver able tae achieve a lead in opeenion polls again.

Despite the eventual revival o economic growthe amangst ether successes sic as the beginnings o the Northren Ireland peace process, bi the mid-1990s, the Conservative Pairty wis embroiled in scandals involvin various MPs (includin cabinet meenisters). Creeticism o Major's leadership reached sic a pitch that he chuise tae resign as pairty leader in Juin 1995, challengin his creetics tae aither back him or challenge him; he wis duly challenged bi John Redwood but wis easy re-electit. Bi this time, the Labour Pairty haed abandoned its socialist ideology an muived tae the centre unner the leadership o Tony Blair an wan a laorge nummer o bi-elections, eventually deprivin Major's govrenment o a pairlamentar majority in December 1996.[2] Major went on tae lose the 1997 general election five month later, in ane o the lairgest electoral defeats syne the Great Reform Act o 1832.

Major wis succeedit bi William Hague as Leader o the Conservative Pairty in Juin 1997. He went on tae retire frae active politics, leavin the Hoose o Commons at the 2001 general election. In 1999, a BBC poll o 20t-century UK Prime Meenisters ranked him 17t.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "European Council (Maastricht)". Hansard. 11 December 1991. Retrieved 17 Mey 2011.
  2. "The Major minority". The Independent. 13 December 1996. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  3. "Churchill 'greatest PM of 20th Century'". BBC. 26 December 1999. Retrieved 27 Mey 2017.