2016 Simmer Olympics

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Gemmes o the XXXI Olympiad
2016 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Host ceety Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Motto Live your passion
(Portuguese: Viva sua paixão)
Nations pairteecipatin 185 qualified (206 expectit)
Athletes pairteecipatin 7,926 confirmed (mair nor 10,500 expectit)
Events 306 in 28 sports
Openin ceremony August 5
Closin ceremony August 21
Stadium Maracanã Stadium

The 2016 Simmer Olympics (Portuguese: Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), offeecially kent as the Gemmes o the XXXI Olympiad (Jogos da XXXI Olimpíada), wis a major internaitional multi-sport event celebratit in the tradeetion o the Olympic Gemmes, as govrened bi the Internaitional Olympic Committee (IOC). The host ceety o the Gemmes wis Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, annoonced at the 121st IOC Session held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. Thay war held frae August 5 tae 21, 2016, makin it the seicont Simmer Olympics held during the host ceety's winter (the first wis the Sydney 2000 Olympics, whase first week wis held durin the Soothren Hemisphere's winter).[n 1] Thare will be 35 competeetion venues mainly in Barra da Tijuca, but an aa in three ither zones: Copacabana, Deodoro, an Maracanã. It merks the first time a Sooth American ceety hosts the event, the third tae host in the Soothren Hemisphere (an the first time in a Soothren Hemisphere kintra ither than Australie), an an aa the first time a Portuguese speakin kintra hosts the event.[1] Thir war the first Simmer Olympic Gemmes syne the Sydney 2000 Olympics nae tae be held in the host naition's caipital ceety.

Biddin process[eedit | eedit soorce]

The biddin process for the 2016 Olympic Gemmes wis offeecially launched on 16 Mey 2007.[2] The first step for each ceety wis tae submit an ineetial application tae the Internaitional Olympic Committee (IOC) bi 13 September 2007, confirmin thair intention tae bid. Completit offeecial bid files, conteenin answers tae a 25-quaisten IOC form, war tae be submittit bi each applicant ceety bi 14 Januar 2008. Fower candidate ceeties war chosen for the shortleet on 4 Juin 2008: Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro an Tokyo (which hostit the 1964 Simmer Olympics an will host again in 2020). The IOC did nae promote Doha tae the Candidature phase, despite scorin heicher nor selectit candidate ceety Rio de Janeiro, acause o thair intent o hostin the Olympics in October, ootside o the IOC's sportin calendar. Prague an Baku an aa failed tae mak the cut.[3]

The final votin wis held on 2 October 2009, in Copenhagen wi Madrid an Rio de Janeiro perceived as favourites tae laund the gemmes. Chicago an Tokyo war eleeminatit efter the first an seicont roonds o votin, respectively, while Rio de Janeiro teik a significant lead ower Madrid heidin intae the final roond. The lead held an Rio de Janeiro wis annoonced as host o 2016 Simmer Olympics. Failed bids frae ither Sooth American ceeties include Buenos Aires (1936, 1956, 1968, 2004) an Brasília, which widrew during the 2000 Simmer Olympic biddin process.

2016 Simmer Olympics biddin results[4]
Ceety NOC Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 26 46 66
Madrid  Spain 28 29 32
Tokyo  Japan 22 20
Chicago  Unitit States 18

Venues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Events will tak place at aichteen existing venues (aicht o which required some redevelopment), nine new venues constructit for the Simmer Gemmes, an seiven temporary venues which will be remuived follaein the gemmes.[5]

Each event will be held in ane o fower geografically segregatit Olympic clusters: Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, an Maracanã. The same wis done for the 2007 Pan American Gemmes.[6][7] Several o the venues will be locatit at the Barra Cluster Olympic Pairk.[5]

The Gemmes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Openin ceremony[eedit | eedit soorce]

The openin ceremony teuk place in the Maracanã Stadium on 5 August 2016. Performers includit Gilberto Gil, Anitta, an Caetano Veloso. The Olympic cauldron wis lit bi Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 2016 Summer Olympic program features 28 sports and a total of 41 disciplines and 306 events.

Calendar[eedit | eedit soorce]

This is currently based on the schedule released on the same day as ticket sales began, 31 Mairch 2015.[8]

Aw dates are Brasília Time (UTC–3)
OC Openin ceremony Event competeetions 1 Gowd medal events EG Exhibeetion gala CC Closin ceremony
August 3
Wed
4
Thu
5
Fri
6
Sat
7
Sun
8
Mon
9
Tue
10
Wed
11
Thu
12
Fri
13
Sat
14
Sun
15
Mon
16
Tue
17
Wed
18
Thu
19
Fri
20
Sat
21
Sun
Gowd medal events
Ceremonies (openin / closin) OC CC
Archery 1 1 1 1 4
Athletics 3 5 4 5 5 4 6 7 7 1 47
Badminton 1 1 2 1 5
Basketbaw 1 1 2
Boxin 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 13
Canoein Slalom 1 1 2 16
Sprint 4 4 4
Cyclin Road cyclin 1 1 2 18
Track cyclin 1 2 2 1 1 3
BMX 2
Moontain bikin 1 1
Divin 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
Fencin 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10
Field hockey 1 1 2
Fitbaa 1 1 2
Golf 1 1 2
Gymnastics Airteestic 1 1 1 1 4 3 3 EG 18
Rhythmic 1 1
Trampolinin 1 1
Haundbaw 1 1 2
Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 14
Modren pentathlon 1 1 2
Rowin 2 4 4 4 14
Rugby seivens 1 1 2
Sailin 2 2 2 2 2 10
Shuitin 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 15
Soummin 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 34
Synchronised soummin 1 1 2
Table tennis 1 1 1 1 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 1 1 3 5
Triathlon 1 1 2
Volleybaw Beach volleybaw 1 1 4
Induir volleybaw 1 1
Watter polo 1 1 2
Wechtliftin 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 15
Wrestlin 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 18
Tot gowd medal events 12 14 14 15 20 19 24 21 22 17 25 16 23 22 30 12 306
Cumulative tot 12 26 40 55 75 94 118 139 161 178 203 219 242 264 294 306
August 3
Wed
4
Thu
5
Fri
6
Sat
7
Sun
8
Mon
9
Tue
10
Wed
11
Thu
12
Fri
13
Sat
14
Sun
15
Mon
16
Tue
17
Wed
18
Thu
19
Fri
20
Sat
21
Sun
Gold medal events

Medal table[eedit | eedit soorce]

2016 Simmer Olympics medal table[9]
 Rank  NOC Gowd Siller Bronze Tot
1  Unitit States (USA) 46 37 38 121
2  Great Breetain (GBR) 27 23 17 67
3  Cheenae (CHN) 26 18 26 70
4  Roushie (RUS) 19 18 19 56
5  Germany (GER) 17 10 15 42
6  Japan (JPN) 12 8 21 41
7  Fraunce (FRA) 10 18 14 42
8  Sooth Korea (KOR) 9 3 9 21
9  Italy (ITA) 8 12 8 28
10  Australie (AUS) 8 11 10 29
11–87 Remainin NOCs 125 149 184 458
Tot (87 NOCs) 307 307 361 975

      Host naition (Brazil)

Concerns an controversies[eedit | eedit soorce]

An ongangin ootbreak o the mosquito-borne Zika virus in Brazil haes raised fears regairdin its potential impact on athletes an veesitors. Organisers plan tae perform daily inspections o Olympic venues tae prevent puddles o stagnant water that allae mosquitoes tae breed.[10] Zika virus transmission wis an aa attributit tae inefficient sewage treatment in the aurea, an sewage treatment is bein improved in preparation for the Gemmes.[11]

The Guanabara Bay, whase watters will be uised for sailin an windsurfin competeetions, is hivily pollutit. Amang the chief causes o the pollution are uncollectit trash fed intae the bay via pollutit rivers an slums alang the coast. Pollution o the Guanabara haes been a long-term issue.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Melbourne Simmer Olympics wis held frae 22 November tae 8 December 1956

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "BBC SPORT , Olympics , Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games". BBC News. October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009. 
  2. "2016 Bid Process Launched". International Olympic Committee. 16 May 2007. 
  3. "Four on 2016 Olympics short-list". BBC News. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  4. "Past Bid Results". GamesBids.com. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Sports and Venues" (PDF), Rio de Janeiro 2016 Candidate File (PDF) 2, (BOC), 16 February 2009, pp. 10–11, archived frae the original (PDF) on 12 November 2010, retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  6. "Introduction" (PDF), Rio de Janeiro 2016 Candidate File (PDF) 1, London, United Kingdom: (BOC), 16 February 2009, retrieved 5 May 2009. 
  7. Rio 2007 Pan Am Games Get Debriefed Ahead Of 2016 Bid, Toronto, Canada: (GamesBids), 9 March 2008, retrieved 5 May 2009. 
  8. "Tickets". NOC*NSF. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  9. "Medal count – Olympic medal standings". rio2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  10. "Zika virus: Olympic venues to be inspected daily before and during Games". BBC Sport. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  11. Khazan, Olga (31 March 2016). "What Happens When There's Poop in the Water". The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 June 2016.