Espoo

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Espoo
EspooEsbo
Ceety
Espoon kaupunki
Esbo stad
Skyline o Espoo
Skyline o Espoo
Coat o airms o Espoo
Coat o airms
Location o Espoo in Finland
Location o Espoo in Finland
Coordinates: 60°12′20″N 024°39′20″E / 60.20556°N 24.65556°E / 60.20556; 24.65556Coordinates: 60°12′20″N 024°39′20″E / 60.20556°N 24.65556°E / 60.20556; 24.65556
Kintra  Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Greater Helsinki
Chairter 1458
Ceety 1972
Govrenment
 • Ceety manager Jukka Mäkelä
Aurie (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 528.14 km2 (203.92 sq mi)
 • Laund 312.26 km2 (120.56 sq mi)
 • Watter 215.88 km2 (83.35 sq mi)
Aurie rank 221st lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 259,383
 • Rank 2nt lairgest in Finland
 • Density 830.66/km2 (2,151.4/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Finnish 83.6% (offeecial)
 • Swadish 8.3% (offeecial)
 • Ithers 8%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 19.7%
 • 15 tae 64 69.8%
 • 65 or aulder 10.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 17.75%
Wabsteid www.espoo.fi (in Finnish) (in Swadish) (in Inglis)

Espoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈespoː]; Swadish: Esbo, [ˈɛsbo]) is the seicont lairgest ceety an municipality in Finland. The population o the ceety o Espoo is 234,930 (Mairch 31, 2010). It is pairt o the Helsinki Metropolitan Aurie alang wi the ceeties o Helsinki, Vantaa, an Kauniainen. Espoo shares its eastren mairch wi Helsinki an Vantaa, while enclosing Kauniainen. The day, Espoo is the anerlie municipality in Finland tae fully enclose anither municipality. The ceety is on the shore o the Gulf o Finland, in the region o Uusimaa.

Ither bordering municipalities o Espoo ar Nurmijärvi an Vihti in the north an Kirkkonummi in the wast. The naitional park o Nuuksio is situated in northwast Espoo.

Espoo encompasses 528 square kilometres (204 sq mi), o which 312 km2 (120 sq mi) is land.

Espoo haes several local regional centers. Espoo is sicweys dividit intae seiven major auries (Finnish: suuralueet, Swadish: storområden): Vanha-Espoo (wi administrative center), Suur-Espoonlahti, Pohjois-Espoo, Suur-Kauklahti, Suur-Leppävaara, Suur-Matinkylä an Suur-Tapiola.

The Helsinki University o Technology is based in Otaniemi, Espoo, alang wi a thriving science community that includes numerous startups an organisations sic as VTT – the Technical Research Center o Finland. Nokia, the telecommunications company, is headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, alang wi ither heich-tech companies sic as KONE, Tekla an Fortum.

The ceety o Espoo is offeecially bilingual. The majority o the population speaks Finnish as thair mither tongue an thay staund at 83.6% o the population. The minority speaks Finland Swadish an thay staund at 8.3 percent o the population. Espoo's population that haes a first leid ither than Finnish or Swadish staund at 8% o the population.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Espoo is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)