Kauniainen

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Kauniainen
KauniainenGrankulla
Toun
Kauniaisten kaupunkiGrankulla stad
Villa Junghans in Kauniainen
Villa Junghans in Kauniainen
Coat o airms o Kauniainen
Coat o airms
Location o Kauniainen in Finland
Location o Kauniainen in Finland
Coordinates: 60°13′N 024°44′E / 60.217°N 24.733°E / 60.217; 24.733Coordinates: 60°13′N 024°44′E / 60.217°N 24.733°E / 60.217; 24.733
Kintra Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki sub-region
Chairter 1920
Ceety richts 1972
Govrenment
 • Toun manager Torsten Widén
Aurie(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Tot 6.00 km2 (2.32 sq mi)
 • Laund 5.88 km2 (2.27 sq mi)
 • Watter 0.12 km2 (0.05 sq mi)
Aurie rank 336t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 8,860
 • Rank 124t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Finnish &0,000,000,000,000,057,700,00057.7% (official)
 • Swadish &0,000,000,000,000,038,299,99938.3% (official)
 • Ithers &0,000,000,000,000,004,000,0004%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 &0,000,000,000,000,019,500,00019.5%
 • 15 tae 64 &0,000,000,000,000,062,600,00062.6%
 • 65 or older &0,000,000,000,000,017,899,99917.9%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 16.5%
Wabsteid www.kauniainen.fi

Kauniainen (Swadish: Grankulla) is a sma toun an a municipality o 8,649 inhabitants (31 January 2011) inhabitants.[2] in the Helsinki Metropolitan Aurie, Finland. It is surroondit bi the ceety o Espoo, in Greater Helsinki. Kauniainen wis foondit bi a corporation in 1906, AB Grankulla, that parcelled land an creatit a suburb for villas; Kauniainen received the status o a mercat toun in 1920, the Finnish name in 1949, an the title o kaupunki ("ceety, toun") in 1972.

The local taxation rate in Kauniainen is the lawest in Finland (16.5%),[6] which maks the ceety attractive tae the heichest earners. This in turn maks the average income generally heich, makkin it possible tae keep the taxation rate law athoot compromisin the service tae the inhabitants.

Approximately 58% o the population hae Finnish as their mither tongue while 38%are Swadish speakers.[3] The dominant pairty in the ceety cooncil haes traditionally been the Swadish Fowkpairty.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roads[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kauniainen haes guid road connections in maist directions. The east-tae-wast Helsinki–Turku motorwa (naitional road 1) passes Kauniainen tae the sooth an the auld Helsinki–Turku main road passes the northren pairts o the toun. The construction o the motorwa in the 1960s played a big role when new inhabitants muivit tae Kauniainen, when they coud drive quickly alang the motorwa intae Helsinki's ceety centre. The north-tae-sooth Kehä II (Ring Road 2) passes the eastren corner o Kauniainen.

Public transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist important form o public transportation in Kauniainen is the Rantarata railway, opened in 1903. The railway haes been important for the development o Kauniainen as a suburb o Helsinki. Trains leave ivery 15 minutes an the ride tae Helsinki Central railway station takes less than 20 minutes.

There are twa regional bus lines which connect tae Helsinki. There are an aw local bus lines which connect tae various districts o Espoo.

Services[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kauniainen affers a vera lairge range o services tae its inhabitants, considerin the size o the toun. There are sax schuils in Kauniainen, spread oot on three levels an twa leids – Finnish an Swadish. Kauniainen haes:

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are three destricts in Kauniainen cried I, II an III. Nae destricts are named acause o the sma size o the toun. The anerlie aurie that is viewed as a named destrict is Kasavuori (Swadish: Kasaberget) in the wastren pairt o the toun.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named tax rate

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]