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Mäntsälän kunta
Centre o Mäntsälä: Main road
Centre o Mäntsälä: Main road
Coat of airms o Mäntsälä
Coat airms
Location o Mäntsälä in Finland
Location o Mäntsälä in Finland
Kintra Finland
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
 • Municipal managerEsko Kairesalo
 • Total596.11 km2 (230.16 sq mi)
 • Laund580.84 km2 (224.26 sq mi)
 • Water15.26 km2 (5.89 sq mi)
Area rank145t lairgest in Finland
 • Total20,899
 • Rank50t lairgest in Finland
 • Density35.98/km2 (93.2/sq mi)
Population bi native leid
 • Finnish97.8% (offeecial)
 • Swadish0.8%
 • Ithers1.3%
Population by age
 • 0 tae 1422.4%
 • 15 tae 6464.5%
 • 65 or aulder13.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
The kirk o Mäntsälä wis completit in 1866.

Mäntsälä is a municipality in the Uusimaa region. It haes a population o 19,959 (31 Januar 2011)[2] an covers an aurie o 596.10 square kilometres (230.16 sq mi) o which 15.26 km2 (5.89 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population density is 34.36 indwallers per square kilometre (89.0 /sq mi).

Mäntsälä lees aboot 60 kilometres (40 mi) north o Helsinki, the caipital o Finland. Durin the last few years, the population o Mäntsälä haes been ane o the maist rapidly increasin in Finland. A new railwey wis biggit atween Kerava an Lahti wi passenger traffeck stairtin on September 4, 2006 frae Mäntsälä railway station. Helsinki is aboot 40 minutes away, an Lahti even closer.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mäntsälä is considered tae hae been foondit in 1585, when the community's first kirk wis biggit. The current kirk wis completit in 1866 efter delay. The Crimean War affectit an aw Mäntsälä: funds for biggin the kirk wur spent on war efforts. Aw o the kirks wur locatit on Kirkonmäki at aboot the same spot.

The first common schuil wis foondit in 1870 bi wey o a testament o clergyman Abraham Ehnroos. Tae his credit is the foondin o a public leebrar aaready in 1840. An intermediate schuil wis no foondit till 1945 wi a heich schuil follaein in 1954, previously facilities in Porvoo, Järvenpää an Helsinki wur uised.

In 1854 the first toun haw wis biggit on Kirkonmäki. The day a museum is operatin in the biggin, haein an aa served as a morgue, schuil kitchen an lesson space, an a dormitory. It is deterioratin severely an the museum is anerlie opened upon request.

The seicont toun haw wis biggit in 1935, an aw on Kirkonmäki. It served til the completion o the present toun haw in 1992. Nou it hooses an open college.

Thare is a tot o 15 manors in Mäntsälä, 4 o which are open tae the public, the rest bein private residences. Roushie emperor Alexander I visitit as guest o Ulla Möllersvärd in 1809 in the Mäntsälä manor lyin in the ceety center. The manors emerged in the 17t century as noblemen feoffs. Tradeetionally the land belanged tae the manors. Thare wur mony crofts in Mäntsälä an new legislation in 1918 enabled the crofters tae claim the land for thairsels. In the 1920s the manors wur still a sizable land awner in the parish.

Mäntsälä is especially kent for the Mäntsälä rebellion. Aboot 400 ceevil guards went shuitin tae a Social Democratic pairty rally at Ohkola community haw, interruptin it. In the course o a few days leaders o Lapua Muivement an airmed ceevil guards frae aw ower the kintra arrived tae Mäntsälä. The govrenment ordered them arrestit, an efter a speech bi preses Svinhufvud on Mairch 2 the situation gradually settled doun. The muivement disbandit early in ware.

Warld War II brocht aboot 2000 Karelian immigrants tae Mäntsälä. Thay came mainly frae Kirvu an Koivisto. Land wis cut frae the manors again for immigrants, reducin manor estate considerably. In 1985 a museum aboot the Kirvu parish wis opened next tae the kirk in the ceety center.

In 1992 an apartment tred fair wis held in Mäntsälä. The aurie is bein expandit an syne 2006, a train depot lees next tae it.

Population progress[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population o Mäntsälä haes stayed quite level for decades, but the biggin o a motorwa up tae Järvenpää in the 1970s an the extension tae Lahti in 1999 hae brocht new residents frae the metropolitan aurie. Bi the middle o the 2000s the new railwey tae Lahti haes been central in municipality population growthe. Mony fowk muivit tae Mäntsälä acause o the railwey, that affered quick commutin tae Helsinki.

  • 1749: 1,492 (unconfirmed)
  • 1898: 7,972 (unconfirmed)
  • 1920: 7,666
  • 1930: 7,844
  • 1940: 7,739
  • 1950: 11,072
  • 1960: 10,932
  • 1970: 10,166
  • 1980: 11,267
  • 1990: 14,793
  • 2000: 16,628
  • 2005: 18,226
  • 2007: 18,980

Famous Mäntsälä dwellers[eedit | eedit soorce]

Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld is considered tae be oreeginally frae Mäntsälä, haein spent his early youth on the faimily estate thare, awtho he wis born in Helsinki an lived an aw in Swaden. Nordenskiöld wis a nineteent century geologist an Airctic splorer.

Ithers include member o Lordi-baund Jussi Sydänmaa alias "Amen", an umwhile defence meenister Elisabeth Rehn in her youth.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 Januar 2018.
  2. a b "Preliminar population structur bi aurie, 2022M01*-2023M02*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2023.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
  5. a b "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Admeenistration o Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 Mey 2023.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]