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Tuusulan kunta
The firthen kirk o Tuusula
The firthen kirk o Tuusula
Coat of airms o Tuusula
Coat airms
Location o Tuusula in Finland
Location o Tuusula in Finland
Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°02′E / 60.400°N 25.033°E / 60.400; 25.033Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°02′E / 60.400°N 25.033°E / 60.400; 25.033
Kintra Finland
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
VeelagesJokela, Kellokoski
 • Municipal managerHannu Joensivu
 • Total225.45 km2 (87.05 sq mi)
 • Laund219.51 km2 (84.75 sq mi)
 • Water5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Area rank254t lairgest in Finland
 • Total40,427
 • Rank29t lairgest in Finland
 • Density184.17/km2 (477.0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid
 • Finnish96.4% (offeecial)
 • Swadish1.7%
 • Ithers1.8%
Population by age
 • 0 tae 1422.2%
 • 15 tae 6467.1%
 • 65 or aulder10.7%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Unemployment rate5.6%

Tuusula (Finnish pronunciation: [tuːsulɑ]; Swadish: Tusby, [ˈtʉːsbyː]) is a municipality o Finland. It belangs tae the Helsinki sub-region o the Uusimaa region. The municipality haes a population o 37,233 (31 Januar 2011).[2]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula, lyin on the shores o Tuusulanjärvi lake, is locatit in the Uusimaa region. It covers an aurie o 225.46 square kilometres (87.05 sq mi) o which 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population density is 169.62 indwallers per square kilometre (439.3 /sq mi).

Tuusula haes three population centers. The admeenistrative centre is Hyrylä (aboot 19,500 residents), ither twa are Jokela (5,300 residents) an Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remainin 4,400 residents are distributit tae the rural auries ootside o municipal centers.[6]

The neighborin communes are Vantaa tae the sooth, Nurmijärvi tae the wast, Hyvinkää tae the north, Mäntsälä an Järvenpää tae the north east, an Sipoo an Kerava tae the east.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie in wha is nou Tuusula wis locatit in the lairger municipality o Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, an in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula's bundaries hae no aaways remained the same: in 1924 the municipality o Kerava split frae here; in 1950 the municipality o Korso wis split atween Tuusula, Kerava, an Sipoo; an in 1951 the municipality o Järvenpää split frae here.

Durin the Crimean War (1853–1856), a Roushie garrison wis stationed in wha is nou Hyrylä. The modren parish maistly developed aroond it.

The aurie haed aaways been a fairly fertile aurie, sicweys encouragin fermin. The development o ither industries began in 1795, when an ironwirks wis creatit in Kellokoski that functioned till the 1980s. The establishment o a railwey in Jokela furthered the growthe.

Suin efter this industrial time anither aspect o Tuusulan history wis realized. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted mony airtists who wantit tae paint the bonnie landscape. Follaein the fuitsteps o Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish naitional poet who spent the last years o his life in a hut on the shores o the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, an Pekka Halonen even established thair main residences here. Recently thir hooses hae acome tourist steids, especially Sibelius' hoose Ainola. An aa, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastren shore o the lake is an ootside museum.

The Jokela rail crash wis a rail crash which occurred on 21 Aprile 1996 here.

Jokela Heich Schuil wis the steid o the Jokela schuil shuitin, a schuil shuitin which occurrit on November 7, 2007, leavin 9 deid (includin the 18-year-auld perpetrator, Pekka-Eric Auvinen).[7][8]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, haes been in a positive balance o population, wi it mair nor doublin in size syne 1970.

The municipality is offeecially Finnish. Swadish wis the seicont offeecial leid till 1943. The day anerlie 2% are Swadish-speakin.

Population in:

  • 1970 – 17.235
  • 1980 – 22.151
  • 1987 – 26.234
  • 1990 – 27.328
  • 1997 – 29.957
  • 2000 – 31.957
  • 2007 – 34.890

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy an Infrastructur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Due tae its proximity tae Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the maist pairt, a commuter toun. Tuusula itsel haes aroond 10,000 jobs. 66% o the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the wirkforce, an 1.5% are fermers. The unemployment rate amoontit tae 3% (2007), far belaw the naitional average.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae the centre o Tuusula, Hyrylä, thare are guid bus connections tae Helsinki, via the Tuusula motorwa. Thare are an aw twa train stations in the main railwa line o Finland, Jokela an Nuppulinna.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula's netwirk o schuils include:

  • 18 primary schuils
  • 4 seicontar schuils
  • 3 heich schuils
  • 1 hospital schuil

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 Januar 2018.
  2. a b "Preliminar population structur bi aurie, 2022M01*-2023M02*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2023.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
  5. a b "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Admeenistration o Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 Mey 2023.
  6. Tuusulassa on kolme keskusta ja niitä ympäröivät maaseutualueet Archived 2007-11-07 at the Wayback Machine (in Finnish)
  7. "Teen gunman dead from critical injuries who opened fire on Finnish classmates". CNN. 7 November 2007. Archived frae the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
  8. "Fatal shooting at Finnish school". BBC News. 7 November 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Tuusula at Wikimedia Commons