Hanko

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This airticle is aboot the toun in Finland. For ither uisses, see Hanko (disambiguation).
Hanko
HankoHangö
Municipality an toun
Hangon kaupunkiHangö stad
Eastren Harbour coastline
Eastren Harbour coastline
Coat o airms o Hanko
Coat o airms
Location o Hanko in Finland
Location o Hanko in Finland
Coordinates: 59°50′N 022°58′E / 59.833°N 22.967°E / 59.833; 22.967Coordinates: 59°50′N 022°58′E / 59.833°N 22.967°E / 59.833; 22.967
Kintra  Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Raseborg sub-region
Chairter 1874
Govrenment
 • Toun manager Jouko Mäkinen
Aurie (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 800.15 km2 (308.94 sq mi)
 • Laund 116.89 km2 (45.13 sq mi)
 • Watter 683.26 km2 (263.81 sq mi)
Aurie rank 146t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 9,270
 • Rank 109t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 79.31/km2 (205.4/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Finnish 53.5% (offeecial)
 • Swadish 43.7% (offeecial)
 • Ithers 2.9%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 15.2%
 • 15 tae 64 65.4%
 • 65 or aulder 19.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.75%
Wabsteid www.hanko.fi

Hanko (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑŋko]; Swadish: Hangö), is a bilingual port toun an municipality on the sooth coast o Finland, 130 kilometres (80 mi) wast o Helsinki. Its current population is 9,270 (31 August 2013),[2] wi a majority being Finnish speakers an a strang minority being Swadish speakers (44%).[3]

Soviet naval base[eedit | eedit soorce]

The watter touer an kirk in Hanko. They wur rebuilt efter the war, haein been destroyed bi the Soviets.
Långsanda, ane o the several beaches in Hanko.

In the Moscow Peace Treaty that endit the Winter War on March 13, 1940, Hanko was leased tae the Soviet Union as a militar base for a period o 30 years. Durin the Continuation War, Soviet truips wur forcit tae evacuate Hanko in early December 1941. The Soviet Union renooncit the lease formally in the Paris peace treaty o 1947. As a curiosity, it can be notit that the short Russo-Finnish front athort the base o the peninsulae on the Finnish side wis held in pairt bi volunteer truips frae Swaden. A museum haes been established at this location, amang the trenches an ither remnants o the war.

The role o the Hanko naval base wis replacit bi Porkkala in the airmistice atween Finland an the Soviet Union o 19 September 1944, released back tae Finland in Januar 1956.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

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