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Municipality an toun
Hangon kaupunkiHangö stad
Eastren Harbour coastline
Eastren Harbour coastline
Coat of airms o Hanko
Coat airms
Location o Hanko in Finland
Location o Hanko in Finland
Coordinates: 59°50′N 022°58′E / 59.833°N 22.967°E / 59.833; 22.967Coordinates: 59°50′N 022°58′E / 59.833°N 22.967°E / 59.833; 22.967
Kintra Finland
Sub-regionRaseborg sub-region
 • Toun managerJouko Mäkinen
 • Total799.99 km2 (308.88 sq mi)
 • Laund116.89 km2 (45.13 sq mi)
 • Water683.26 km2 (263.81 sq mi)
Area rank292nt lairgest in Finland
 • Total8,386
 • Rank114t lairgest in Finland
 • Density71.74/km2 (185.8/sq mi)
Population bi native leid
 • Finnish53.5% (offeecial)
 • Swadish43.7% (offeecial)
 • Ithers2.9%
Population by age
 • 0 tae 1415.2%
 • 15 tae 6465.4%
 • 65 or aulder19.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.75%

Hanko (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑŋko]; Swadish: Hangö), is a bilingual port toun an municipality on the sooth coast o Finland, 130 kilometre (80 mi) wast o Helsinki. Its current population is 8,386 (31 Januar 2019),[2] wi a majority being Finnish speakers an a strang minority being Swadish speakers (44%).[3]

Soviet naval base[eedit | eedit soorce]

The watter touer an kirk in Hanko. They wur rebuilt efter the war, haein been destroyed bi the Soviets.
Långsanda, ane o the several beaches in Hanko.

In the Moscow Peace Treaty that endit the Winter War on March 13, 1940, Hanko was leased tae the Soviet Union as a militar base for a period o 30 years. Durin the Continuation War, Soviet truips wur forcit tae evacuate Hanko in early December 1941. The Soviet Union renooncit the lease formally in the Paris peace treaty o 1947. As a curiosity, it can be notit that the short Russo-Finnish front athort the base o the peninsulae on the Finnish side wis held in pairt bi volunteer truips frae Swaden. A museum haes been established at this location, amang the trenches an ither remnants o the war.

The role o the Hanko naval base wis replacit bi Porkkala in the airmistice atween Finland an the Soviet Union o 19 September 1944, released back tae Finland in Januar 1956.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 Januar 2018.
  2. a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2019.
  3. a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]