Porvoo

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Porvoo
PorvooBorgå
Ceety
Porvoon kaupunki
Borgå stad
Riverside storage biggins in Auld Porvoo
Riverside storage biggins in Auld Porvoo
Coat o airms o Porvoo
Coat o airms
Porvoo.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg
Kintra Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Porvoo sub-region
Ceety richts ca. 1380
Govrenment
 • Ceety manager Jukka-Pekka Ujula
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 2,139.19 km2 (825.95 sq mi)
 • Laund 654.70 km2 (252.78 sq mi)
 • Watter 1,484.49 km2 (573.16 sq mi)
Aurie rank 38t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 49,087
 • Rank 21st lairgest in Finland
 • Density 74.98/km2 (194.2/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Finnish 64.9% (official)
 • Swadish 31.6% (official)
 • Ithers 3.5%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 18.5%
 • 15 tae 64 67%
 • 65 or older 14.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.25%
Wabsteid www.porvoo.fi

Porvoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈporʋoː]; Swadish: Borgå [ˈbɔrɡo]) is a ceety an a municipality situatit on the soothren coast o Finland approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) east o Helsinki. Porvoo is ane o the sax medieval touns in Finland, first mentioned as a ceety in texts frae 14t century. Porvoo is the seat o the Swadish speakin Diocese o Borgå o the Evangelical Lutheran Kirk o Finland.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Porvoo wis first mentioned in documents in the early 14t century, an Porvoo wis gien ceety richts aroond 1380, even tho accordin tae some soorces the ceety wis foondit in 1346. The auld ceety o Porvoo wis formally disestablisht an the new ceety o Porvoo foondit in 1997 whan the ceety o Porvoo an the Landwart municipality o Porvoo wur consolidatit.[6] Whan Swaden lost the ceety o Viborg tae Roushie in 1721, the episcopal seat wis muivit tae Porvoo. At this time, Porvoo wis the seicont lairgest ceety in Finland. Efter the conquest o Finland bi Roushie airmies in 1808 Swaden haed tae cede Finland tae Roushie in 1809 (the Treaty o Fredrikshamn). The Diet o Porvoo in 1809 wis a laundmerk in the History o Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmit the new Finnish constitution (which wis essentially the Swadish constitution frae 1772), an made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy.

The Porvoo Common Statement is a report issued at the conclusion o theological conversations bi offeecial representatives o fower Anglican Kirks an aicht Nordic an Baltic Lutheran Kirks in 1989–1992. It establisht the Porvoo Communion, sae namit efter the Porvoo Cathedral whaur the Eucharist wis celebratit on the feenal Sunday o the conversations leadin tae the Statement.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun receivit its name frae a Swadish firth fortress near the river Porvoonjoki which flows throu the toun. The name Porvoo is the Fennicisit version o the Swadish name (Borgå) an its pairts o borg meanin "castle" an å "river".[7]

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Results o the Finnish pairlamentar election, 2011 in Porvoo:

Urban development[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is famed for its "Old Town" (Gamla Stan in Swedish), a dense mediaeval street pattern wi predominantly widden houses. The Old Town came close tae bein demolished in the 19t century bi a new urban plan for the ceety. The plan wis cancelled due tae a popular resistance headed bi Count Louis Sparre

The central pynt o the auld toun is the medieval, stone an brick Porvoo Cathedral which gae its name tae the Porvoo Communion – an inter-kirk agreement atween a nummer o Anglican an Lutheran denominations. The cathedral wis damaged bi fire on 29 Mey 2006: the roof wis totally destroyed but the interior is largely intact. A drunken youth haed played wi fire at the kirk, unaware o recent tarwork an nearby tarcontainers, accidentally causin a lairge fire. He wis later sentenced tae a short prison term an restitutions o 4.3 million Euro.[8]

The reid-coloured widden storage buildings on the riverside are a proposed UNESCO world heritage site. Already bi the early 19t century the authorities understood the value o the auld toun, an sae wi the need for growthe a plan wis made for a 'new toun' biggit adjacent tae the auld toun, follaein a grid plan but wi houses an aa biggit in wid.

New Housing, Porvoo, bi architect Tuomas Siitonen

Bi the end o the 20t century thare wis pressure tae develop the essentially untouched wastren side o the river. Thare wis concern that growthe wad necessitate the construction o a seicont brig across the river intae the toun, sicweys putting further strain on the widden toun. An architectral competeetion wis held in 1990, the winnin entry o which proposed building the seicont brig. Plans for the wastren side o the river hae progressed unner the direction o architect Tuomas Siitonen, an baith a vehicle brig an a pedestrian brig hae been biggit. The design for new housing is based on a typology derived frae the auld store houses on the opposite side o the river. Yet anither new development entails the construction o a lairge business pairk cried Keeng's Gate (Kuninkaanportti in Finnish, Kungsporten in Swedish), which is presently unner construction.

Porvoo railwey station daes nae receive regular train services, but special excursion trains frae Kerava (either wi steam locomotives or comprising umwhile VR diesel railcars frae the 1950s) operate on simmer Saturdays.[9]

Suomenkylä[eedit | eedit soorce]

Suomenkylä, or Finnby in Swadish, is a veelage north o the centre o Porvoo an beside the Porvoo river. Suomenkylä haes an auld schuil foondit bi Johannes Linnankoski in 1898. The veelage o Suomenkylä haes twa burial places frae Bronze Age an aw.

Kerkkoo[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kerkkoo, or Kerko in Swadish, is a veelage north o the centre o Porvoo an beside the Porvoo river. Kerkkoo haes an auld schuil which is ower 100 years auld an still active. Frae the veelage o Kerkkoo aircheologists an townspeople foond a stane axe frae the Bronze Age.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The local team Porvoon Akilles, or juist Akilles, plays in the heichest bandy diveesion an haes acome Finnish champions twice.

Porvoo Cathedral prior tae the fire in Mey 2006

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Porvoo is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[10]:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. Jaakkola, Marianne (2007-11-19). "Yleistä Porvoosta" (in Finnish). Porvoo: City of Porvoo. Retrieved 7 Januar 2009. 
  7. http://www.katajala.net/keskiaika/suomi/kaupungit.html
  8. http://www.kirkkojakaupunki.fi/uutiset/rikos-ja-rangaistus
  9. "Kerava-Porvoo Museum Train Timetable Summer 2009". Porvoo Museum Railway Society. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  10. "The sister cities of Porvoo" (in Finnish). Porvoo City. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]