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Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast

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Location o Primorsk
Primorsk is located in Roushie
Location o Primorsk
Primorsk is located in Leningrad Oblast
Primorsk (Leningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 60°22′N 28°37′E / 60.367°N 28.617°E / 60.367; 28.617Coordinates: 60°22′N 28°37′E / 60.367°N 28.617°E / 60.367; 28.617
Federal subjectLeningrad Oblast
Admeenistrative destrictVyborgsky Destrict
First mentioned1268
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total6,119
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[2])
Postal code(s)[3]
Dialin code(s)+7 81378
Toun DayThird Seturday o September
OKTMO ID41615108001
A kirk in Primorsk, oreeginally a Finnish Lutheran kirk designed bi Josef Stenbäck, 1902–1904

Primorsk (Roushie: Примо́рск; Finnish: Koivisto; Swadish: Björkö[4]) is a coastal toun in Vyborgsky Destrict o Leningrad Oblast, Roushie, an the lairgest Roushie port on the Easter. It is locatit on the Karelie Isthmus, 137 kilometer (85 mi) wast o St. Petersburg, at the northren coast o the Guwf o Finland, near Birk Islands, protectit as a sea bird sanctuar. Population: 6,119 (2010 Census);[1] 5,332 (2002 Census);[5] 6,637 (1989 Census).[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Primorsk wis first attestit in Roushie chronicles as Beryozovskoye (Берёзовское, lit. birk veelage). The oreeginal Finnish name Koivisto, means "A group o birk trees, Birk forest". Swadish name Björkö means "Birk island". In 1268, whan the Hanseatic merchants frae Gotland petitioned the Novgorod Republic tae secur their passage tae the Neva River.[7] Swades annexed the region durin the Third Swadish Crusade. The Roushies reteuk the islands at the close o the Great Northren War in 1721. Syne, the ceety shared the fate o the Karelie Isthmus. In the period throu history aurie wis populatit bi Finns till 1940, whan the oreeginal population wis forcit tae leave an wis substitutit bi new indwellers o fowks o the Soviet Union.

Primorsk evolvit in the 20t century as an outport for the toun o Vyborg. It achievit toun status in 1940. It wis captured bi the Soviets on 18 Juin 1944 an transferred as pairt o the Paris Peace treaty. The Finnish population wis substitutit bi Roushies. The toun wis renamit Primorsk in 1948.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is the steid o the lairgest Easter Seas ile terminal. It wis developit bi the Putin admeenistration as a terminus o the Baltic Pipeline System at a cost o twa billion US dollar. The terminal stairtit tae operate in Dizember 2001, supplantin Ventspils an ither foreign rivals athin ane year.[1] Archived 2007-05-13 at the Wayback Machine. The toun is on the railwey line linkin St Petersburg tae Vyborg an is linkit bi bus tae ither naurhaun localities an aw.

Primorsk ile port[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2006, Primorsk wis rankit first in Roushie in crude ile export, wi the export volume o 5,863,000 metric tons.[8]

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  4. Björkö names and Bjarkey law. See the airticle on Bjarkey laws an aw for the name's likely connection tae auld Scandinavie trade legislation.
  5. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. Offeicial wabsteid o Primorsk.
  8. Fearnleys Russia Archived 2014-03-22 at the Wayback Machine. Russian tanker market monthly. 27 October 2006.

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