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Kirishi (Roushie: Ки́риши) is a toun in Leningrad Oblast, Roushie, situatit on the richt bank o the Volkhov River, 115 kilometers (71 mi) sootheast o St. Petersburg. Population: 52,309 (2010 Census);[1] 55,634 (2002 Census);[2] 53,014 (1989 Census).[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oilmen's Sports Palace

The name o the toun oreeginates frae the Kirisha River (previously Kiresha), a tributary o the Volkhov River.

The dounsett o Kirishi wis first mentioned in 1693. It wis completely destroyed in 1943 durin Warld War II.

In 1960, it wis rebuilt, an the Kirishi ile refinery wis constructit. In 1965, Kirishi wis grantit toun status.

In 1974, a "BVK" (belkovo-vitaminny kontsentrat, i.e., "protein-vitamin concentrate") production facility wis constructit next tae the ile refinery. This wis the USSR Meenistry o Microbiological Industrie's seicont plant o this kynd (efter the ane in Kstovo, opened in 1973). It uised n-parafins (byproducts o ile refinin) as feedstock for baurm, which in its turn producit single-cell protein, uised as poultry an cattle feed.[4]

Efter a 1987 accident at the microbiological plant, mass protests forcit the Supreme Soviet (1989) tae close doun the facility, as well as its seiven sister plants throughoot the Soviet Union.[4]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirishi is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 KIRISHI: A GREEN SUCCESS STORY? (Johnson's Russia List, Dec. 19, 2002)

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