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For ither places wi the same name, see Kstovo (inhabitit locality).
Kstovo (Scots)
Кстово (Roushie)
-  Town  -
Ploshchad' Lenina (Lenin Square) in Kstovo
Missing map.svg
Coat of Arms of Kstovo (Nizhny Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Kstovsky Destrict[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census) 66,657 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 233rd
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Founded 14t century[citation needit]
Town status syne 1957[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 83145[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid
Kstovo on Wikimedia Commons

Kstovo (Roushie: Ксто́во) is a toun an the admeenistrative centre o Kstovsky Destrict o Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the richt bank o the Volga River, 22 kilometers (14 mi) sootheast o Nizhny Novgorod. Population: 66,657 (2010 Census);[1] 66,944 (2002 Census);[3] 62,414 (1989 Census).[4]

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The place name is said tae hae oreeginatit frae the Mordvin ksty, meanin "strawberry".[5]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The veelage o Kstovo wis mentioned as early as the 14t century.

Wi the construction o Novogorkovsky Ile Refinery (Новогорьковский нефтеперерабатывающий завод; stairtit operations on 18 August 1958[6]) in the 1950s, a new toun wus built a few kilometres tae the sootheast o the auld veelage o Kstovo, on the heich grund atween the Volga an the Kudma Rivers.

Syne then, the wastren pairt o the toun centered aroond the oreeginal veelage o Kstovo, an, still quite landwart in character, haes been commonly referred tae as the Auld Kstovo (Staroye Kstovo), while the newer eastren pairt, built in the 1950s, an still expandin, is kent as the New Kstovo (Novoye Kstovo). As the New Kstovo expandit ower the years, it completely or pairtially displacit several smawer veelages. Accordin tae Google Maps (2012), the veelages o Lukeryino (maistly demolished) an Vishenki (still preservin its landwart character) are nou athin the offeecial ceety limits, whilk Veliky Vrag remains ootside o them.

Kstovo wis grantit urban-teep dounset status in 1954 an toun status in 1957.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Militar Ingineerin College

An Ile Industry Commonty College (Neftyanoy Technicum) trains skilled wirkers an technicians for the petrochemical industrie.

Nizhny Novgorod Tehcnological University affers fore-nicht classes in Kstovo for the students studyin in its Distance Education chemical ingineerin program.[7]

Nizhny Novgorod Militar Ingineerin College (Roushie: Нижегородское высшее военно-инженерное командное училище), foondit in 1801 in Saunt Petersburg an muivit in 1960 tae Kaliningrad, receivit its current name in 1995, whan it wis transferred tae Kstovo.[8]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

On the toun beach

The toun haes a puppet theatre an aw, a palace o cultur, a public library, an an active chess club.

The movie theatre (oreeginally namit "Saturn", then "50 Let VLKSM" (i.e., "50 Years' Anniversary o Komsomol", an feenally "Rus'"), wis popular wi the citizens durin the Soviet era, but closed doun efter the advent o VCRs an DVDs. Pairt o its premises wur uised bi an Eldorado electronics store for a few years in the early 2000s.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

"The World Sambo Academy" in Kstovo, the venue o mony Sambo competitions

Kstovo's best kent sportin venue is The Warld Academy o Sambo, which haes hostit mony naitional an internaitional Sambo warstlin competitions. Its oreegins go back tae 1964, whan the first local Sambo club wis formit. In October 1976, a Sambo School biggin wis opened on the wastren edge o the toun; in 1995, in time for the Sambo Warld Cup, a new, tawer biggion wis constructit next tae it, the facility becomin kent as the "Warld Academy o Sambo".[9]

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Kirk o Oor Lady o Kazan in the Auld Kstovo, rather eclectic in its modren appearance

Christians are servit bi three Orthodox kirks in the toun an immediately adjacent veelages. The Kirk o Oor Lady o Kazan in the Auld Kstovo wis built in the late 19t century, closed durin the Communist era, when its biggin wis uised for a printshop, and re-opened an augmentit in the early 1990s.

Closer tae the ceety centre is anither Kirk o Oor Lady o Kazan; although it can be seen frae mony apairtment biggins on Kstovo's new north-east side, this historic biggin (constructit in 1792 an is nou protectit as a heritage steid) is actually locatit in the veelage o Veliky Vrag, which haes no (yet) been annexed bi the toun. juist northeast o the ceety; it wis built in, awned bi the federal govrenment.

Feenally, the sma Kirk o St.Vladimir in Vishenki veelage (nou athin the ceety limits, juist sooth o the ceety's main urban aurie), is the closest tae maist o the ceety's residential neebourheids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. Erman, Adolph (1852), Archiv für Wissenschaftliche Kunde von Russland, Volume 10, p. 324  (German)
  6. M. S. Matveev (1968), "Ten years of the Novogor'kii Refinery", Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils, 4 (8)  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help). Translated from Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Topliv i Masel, No. 8, pp. 1–4, August 1968
  7. Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, Kstovo Branch (Accessed 2006 October 24) (Roushie).
  8. Colonel (retired) Boris Mikhailovoch Denisov, "Forgotten Anniversary". "Russky Pereplet" magazine, 3 November 2006 (Roushie)
  9. "Михаил Бурдиков: После оглушительных успехов наших самбистов иностранные журналисты долго пытались отыскать на карте мира маленький город Кстово" (An article on the history of Sambo in Kstovo) (RIA Kreml, November 2004) (Roushie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]