Kstovsky Destrict

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Kstovsky Destrict
Кстовский район (Roushie)
Kstovsky District on map of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg
Location o Kstovsky Destrict in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 56°09′06″N 44°11′44″E / 56.15167°N 44.19556°E / 56.15167; 44.19556Coordinates: 56°09′06″N 44°11′44″E / 56.15167°N 44.19556°E / 56.15167; 44.19556
Federal subjectNizhny Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o Februar 2012)
Admeenistrative centretounKstovo[1]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[1]
Inhabitit localities:[1]
Rural localities122
Municipal structure (as o December 2010)
Municipally incorporatit asKstovsky Municipal Destrict[2]
Municipal diveesions:[2]
Urban settlements1
Rural settlements13
Aurie (administrative district) (February 2012)1,225 km2 (473 sq mi)[1]
Population (2010 Census)112,823 inhabitants[3]
• Urban59.1%
• Rural40.9%
Density92.1/km2 (239/sq mi)[4]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Offeecial wabsteid
Kstovsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Kstovsky Destrict (Roushie: Ксто́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] destrict (raion), ane o the fowerty-three in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the centre o the oblast. The aurie o the destrict is 1,225 square kilometer (473 sq mi).[1] Its admeenistrative centre is the toun o Kstovo.[1] Population: 112,823 (2010 Census);[3] 46,759 (2002 Census);[6] 47,917 (1989 Census).[7] The population o Kstovo accoonts for 59.1% o the destrict's total population.[3]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kstovsky Destrict is locatit alang the soothren shore o the Volga River. The wastmaist pairt o the destrict is adjacent tae the ceety o Nizhny Novgorod. It is gradually becomin mair suburban, its hoosin developments an shoppin centres closely linkit tae the life o the ceety. The east o the destrict is maire rural, wi potato, ruit crops, an grain fields an cattle pasturs alternatin wi forests an dacha auries.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict wis established in 1929 an gien its present name in 1930.[1]

Local historical steids include the Kirk o Oor Lady o Kazan in the veelage o Velikiy Vrag, juist northeast o Kstovo. It wis built in 1792 an is nou protectit as a heritage steid, awned bi the federal govrenment.[8][9]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the industrie in the destrict is locatit in an aroond the toun o Kstovo. The rest o the destrict is moaistly agricultural, although the metalwirkin plant in Bezvodnoye an a brick factory in Afonino are well-kent in the region.

The construction o Gorky Nuclear Destrict Heatin Plant, which wis meant tae provide heatin for a lairge pairt o Nizhny Novgorod, wis stairtit in the early 1980s in the wastren pairt o the destrict, near the Royka railwey station an the veelage o Fedyakovo. A few years later, efter the Chernobyl disaster, the construction stoppit, an the lairge, amaist completit biggin remains maistly unuised.

Ane o Nizhny Novgorod metropolitan aurie's lairgest shoppin maws, anchored bi an IKEA store an an Auchan hypermercat, is locatit near the same Fedyakovo, athort the road frae the hulkin uncompletit nuclear plant biggin. Conveniently locatit near baith Nizhny Novgorod an Kstovo, the maw is connectit tae baith ceeties bi free shuttle buses.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e f g h i Order #1-od
  2. a b c Resolution #670
  3. a b c Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  6. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  7. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  8. http://etaz.ru/?p=law&num=66916&id=&sort=&type=gov "Agreement between the Government of Russian Federation and the Administration of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast on the separation of powers in the management of state-owned historical and cultural heritage sites. June 8, 1996, No. 10"
  9. "Approval of the List of the Historical and Cultural Heritage Sites of National Importance" Executive Order No.176 of the President of the Russian Federation. 20 February 1995

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Государственно-правовой департамент Нижегородской области. Приказ №1-од от 19 января 2012 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области», в ред. Приказа №30-од от 21 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в реестр административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области». Опубликован: "Нижегородская правда", №№19–22(25483–25486), 21–28 февраля 2011 г. (State Legal Department of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Order #1-od of January 19, 2012 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Order #30-od of December 21, 2012 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Правительство Нижегородской области. Постановление №670 от 11 сентября 2009 г. «О перечне муниципальных образований Нижегородской области». Опубликован: "Нижегородские новости", №177(4309), 1 октября 2009 г. (Government of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #670 of September 11, 2009 On the Registry of the Municipal Formations of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. ).