Svetogorsk

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Svetogorsk
Светогорск
Town
Apairtment biggins in Svetogorsk
Apairtment biggins in Svetogorsk
Banner o Svetogorsk
Banner
Coat o airms o Svetogorsk
Coat o airms
Location of Svetogorsk
Svetogorsk is locatit in Roushie
Svetogorsk
Svetogorsk
Location o Svetogorsk
Svetogorsk is locatit in Leningrad Oblast
Svetogorsk
Svetogorsk
Svetogorsk (Leningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 61°07′N 28°51′E / 61.117°N 28.850°E / 61.117; 28.850Coordinates: 61°07′N 28°51′E / 61.117°N 28.850°E / 61.117; 28.850
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Vyborgsky Destrict
Foondit 1887
Govrenment
 • Bouk Ceety Cooncil o Deputies
Aurie
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 44 m (144 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[1]
 • Tot 15,981
 • Estimate (2018)[2] 15,546 (-2.7%)
 • Density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone Moscow Time Eedit this on Wikidata[3] (UTC+3)
Postal code(s)[4] 188990Eedit this on Wikidata
Dialin code(s) +7 81378
OKTMO ID 41615114001

Svetogorsk (Roushie: Светого́рск; Finnish: Enso) is an industrial toun in Vyborgsky Destrict o Leningrad Oblast, Roushie, situatit on the Karelie Isthmus, on the Vuoksa River. It is locatit 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) frae the Roushie–Finnish border, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) frae the Finnish toun o Imatra, an 207 kilometers (129 mi) frae St. Petersburg. Population: 15,981 (2010 Census);[1] 15,698 (2002 Census);[5] 15,594 (1989 Census).[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun, foondit in 1887, wis oreeginally cried Enso an formit pairt o the Jääski municipality, in the Finnish Viipuri Province. Enso wis developin intae an influential toun, but the Soviet Union's hostilities against Finland led tae its occupation in 1940. In 1941, Enso wis returned tae Finland, but in 1944, Soviet Union teuk ower it again. Efter Warld War II, the toun wis cedit tae Soviet Union. Soviet ceetizens wur transferred tae the toun efter the war (mainly frae Ukraine, Belaroushie, an Roushie) an in 1949 toun wis renamit Svetogorsk.

Efter the Winter War the Finns an the Soviets disagreed on the interpretation o the peace treaty regardin Enso. The umwhile Meenister for Foreign Affairs o Finland Väinö Tanner wrote in his memoirs: "Awready nou a dispute aboot the destrict o Enso developit. Accordin tae the map attached tae the peace treaty Enso wis clearly intendit tae belang tae Finland but the Roushies claimit that it shoud belang tae them. Later the map wis redrawn accordin tae the interests o the Roushies so that the border bends at Enso." [7]

In 1972 the Soviet Union awairdit Finland a construction project for a lairge new cellulose an paper mill in Svetogorsk. The project wis peyed wi Soviet crude ile. The project gae a stairt tae cross-border relations an aw. Notably, the construction wirkers in Svetogorsk wur cried "builders", an the project haed intent tae "build friendship atween fowk".

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Afore the Winter War the toun wis a major factory steid for Enso-Gutzeit Oy, the Finnish pulp an paper company (nou Stora Enso). In the airmistice o 1940 the new Finnish-Soviet mairch wis deliberately drawn tae leave the factory complex on the Soviet side. The toun's major industrie is still pulp an paper.

OAO Svetogorsk, ane o the biggest paper mills in Roushie, is the major employer. Coverin twa square kilometres, OAO Svetogorsk produces pulp, printin paper, an packagin buird. Its buists include Svetocopy an Ballet office paper. Syne Dizember 1998, OAO Svetogorsk haes been majority awned bi International Paper. At end o 2001 the plant employed 3,000 fowk; bi 2008 this haed fawen tae 2,200.[8]

Immediately adjacent tae OAO Svetogorsk is a tissue mill. This formit pairt o the oreeginal mill complex but wis split-awa an resauld bi International Paper tae SCA durin the acquisition o OAO Svetogorsk frae Tetra Laval, which controlled the plant syne 1995. Svetogorsk Tissue, as the separate entity wis tae be cried, became fully integratit intae SCA Hygiene Products Division in 2003. It employs aroond 400 fowk. Its products include Zewa an Tork buists o paper touels an toilet tissue.

Border[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Imatra-Svetogorsk mairch plays a key role in the transportation o timmer atween Roushie an Finland. An aw, aroond 150 employees commute daily frae Imatra tae the paper mills. The mairch crossin, which haed temporary status, wis a frequent cause o bottlenecks due tae lengthy customs checks an inadequate facilities. A Roushie-Finland greement in 1997 alloued the development an eventual permanence o the mairch crossin. This €7 million European Union TACIS fundit project ran frae 1999 an the new internaitional frontier, capable o handlin 1,300 caurs per day, opened on 3 Julie 2002. Further TACIS programmes are planned till 2010, includin impruivements tae toun infrastructur an the development o an industrial pairk wi special tax rates.

2008 Protests[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 18 Aprile 2008, aboot 500 indwallers o Svetogorsk pairticipatit in a protest which includit a road barricade on the Finnish-Roushie border as a protest against poor road conditions an lack o investment in road impruivement at baith federal an municipal level. Accordin tae the Finnish public service broadcaster YLE, the militia pairticipatit in effectively cuttin aff throu traffeck. The main issue o discontent wis the lack o a bi-pass, which, accordin tae reports, shoud awready hae been biggit.[9]

Sister ceety[eedit | eedit soorce]

Svetogorsk haes ane sister ceety:[10]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019. 
  4. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  5. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. Väinö Tanner (1950): Olin ulkoministerinä talvisodan aikana. Tammi. P. 415. (In Finnish.)
  8. [1]
  9. YLE Uutiset / Kotimaa
  10. Svetogorsk is getting a sister city

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]