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Clockwise frae top: Cuffe Parade skyline, the Gatewey o Indie, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus an the Bandra–Worli Sea Link.
Nickname(s): Ceety o Seiven Islands, Ceety o Dreams,[1] Gatewey tae Indie, Hollywood o Indie
Mumbai is locatit in Maharashtra
Location o Mumbai in Maharashtra, Indie
Mumbai is locatit in Indie
Mumbai (Indie)
Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Kintra Indie
State Maharashtra
Destrict Mumbai Ceety
Mumbai Suburban
First settled 1507
Named for Mumbadevi
 • Teep Mayor–Cooncil
 • Bouk MCGM
 • Mayor Vishwanath Mahadeshwar[2][3][4] (Shiv Sena)
 • Municipal commissioner Ajoy Mehta[5]
 • Megacity 603 km2 (233 sq mi)
 • Metro[6] 4,355 km2 (1,681.5 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)[7]
 • Megacity 12,442,373
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[8] 18,414,288
20,748,395 (Extendit UA)
 • Metro Rank 1st
Demonym(s) Mumbaikar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN code(s) 400 001 to 400 107
Aurie code(s) +91-22
Vehicle registration MH-01 (Central), MH-02 (Wast), MH-03 (East), MH-47 (North)
GDP/PPP $368 billion (Metro aurie, 2015)[9]
Offeecial leid Marathi[10][11]

Mumbai (kent as Bombay, its umwhile offeecial name till 1995, an aw) is a naitural herbour on the wast coast o Indie, an is the caipital ceety o Maharashtra state. It's Indie's maist muckle ceety, an the 4t maist populous ceety proper in the warld. It's cried the commercial caipital o Indie. It haes the Bombay Stock Exchynge an aw major financial trokin is duin thare.

Geografie an History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Locate on the Wast Coast o Indie, the group o islands that haes developit intae the ceety o Bombay, wis likely first recordit as the hame o fishermen whaur a group o Buddhist monks estaiblisht an ootpost durin the later Magadhan empire. The islands wis passed fae ae keeng tae anither for twa millenia, till the Breetish tred empire decidit tae forder the naitural herbour intil a ceety. In the fower hunder year syne, the ceety haes growen bi a series o laund reclamations that jynes the oreeginal islands intil ae mass the nou.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceiety wis cried Bombay for maist o the last fower hunder year. The oreegin o the name is kittlie, but is aft thocht tae come fae the Portuguese phrase bom bahia meanin "guid bay". The name Mumbai haes been uised in the main local leids for as lang, an is ascribed tae the local goddess, Mumba (ai means "mither" in Marathi, the leid o the state o Maharashtra). The name o the ceety wis chynged tae Mumbai bi an act o the pairliament in 1995.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jaloused tae hae aboot 15 meellion fowk, the ceety haes growen swith in the bygane fifty year. The main aurie cried the "Island Ceety" haes the maist dear real estate in the hale o Indie. Acause o this, the ceety haes growen a lang wey intil the mainlaund baith tae the north an the east. It is no unuisual for fowk tae commute mair nor an oor tae wark ilka day. Gettin watter, pouer an fuid intil the ceety is a muckle job that's is owerseen bi ceevic agencies, plannin bodies an fowk gaun aboot thair business.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mumbai haes sister ceety agreements wi the follaein ceeties:[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Seven Islands". The Mumbai Pages. 16 July 1995. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. Jog, Sanjay (9 March 2017). "Shiv Sena's Mahadeshwar is Mumbai's 76th mayor with BJP's blessing" – via Business Standard. 
  3. "Shiv Sena's Vishwanath Mahadeshwar elected Mumbai mayor - Times of India". 
  4. "Shiv Sena's Vishwanath Mahadeshwar becomes Mumbai's 76th mayor". 
  5. "Ajoy Mehta replaces Sitaram Kunte as new BMC Commissioner". Daily News and Analysis. Mumbai. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  6. "Mumbai metropolitan area" (in Italian). Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  7. "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". 
  8. "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  9. Lewis, Clara. "Delhi, not Mumbai, India's economic capital – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  10. National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131. Government of India. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  11. "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones". Mumbai: Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  12. "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  13. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". Official Website of the City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 8 February 2008. 
  14. ""Stuttgart Meets Mumbai": 40th Anniversary Celebrations of the Sister City Relationship". The Embassy of India, Berlin. Retrieved 8 February 2008.