Banner o Panama

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The banner o Panama wis made bi Maria Ossa de Amador. It haes been offeecially adoptit bi the "ley 48 de 1925"[1]; the banner is celebratit on November 4, ane day efter Panamanian unthirldom frae Colombie.

The first banner proposed in 1823 consisted o 7 horizontal stripes o red an yellow, wi a blue canton containin 2 gowden suns, joined bi a narrae line tae depict the oceans tae be unitit bi the Panama Canal (see the depiction belaw). Housomeivver, this wis no acceptit bi the Panamanian leader, Manuel Amador Guerrero, whose family designed a new banner.

The starns an quarters are said tae staund for the rival poleetical pairties, an the white for the peace in which they operate. Blue wis the color o the Conservatives, an red the color o the Liberals. [2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bunau-Varilla Proposal[eedit | eedit soorce]

FIAV proposal.svg Reconstruction o the Bunau Varilla design

The Frenchman Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla designed the first serious proposal for a Panamanian banner.

Bunau-Varilla's design is based on the Banner o the Unitit States, possibly on accoont o that kintra's haund in Panamanian unthirldom. Retainin the thirteen stripes, he chynged the white stripes tae yellow, emphasizin the Panamanian connection tae Colombie an Spain (whose banners baith prominently feature red an yellow). Varilla replaced the starns in the blue canton wi twa interconnectit yellow suns; the suns represent North an Sooth Americae, an are connectit acause o Panama's position connectin the twa continents. [3]

Bunau-Varilla's proposal wis rejectit bi the Panamanian revolutionary cooncil on the grunds that it wis designed bi a foreigner.

Maria Ossa de Amador Proposal[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current Panamanian banner wis made bi Maria Ossa de Amador on November 1, 1903. The son o Manuel Amador Guerrero, generally recognized as a skillful drawer, sketched the banner an showed it tae Maria Ossa de Amador, who, efter much difficulty in avoidin the Colombian airmy, eventually produced three copies o the banner, which wur aw eventually flown in Panama Ceety upon unthirldom, an distributit widely.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Panamanian govrenment offeecially described the banner in Law 15 of December 1949, as follaes: The Banner o the Republic consists thus o a dividit rectangle o fower quarters: the upper field close tae the pole white wi a blue starn o five points; the upper field further frae the pole, red; the lawer field near the pole, blue; an the lawer ane further frae the pole, white wi a red starn o five points.

This banner wis tae reflect the poleetical situation o the time. The blue wis intendit tae represent the Conservative Pairty an the red tae represent the Leeberal Pairty. The white wis intendit tae staund for peace an purity; the blue starn staunds for the purity an honesty o the life o the kintra; the red starn represents the authority an law in the kintra; an thegither the starns staund for the new republic.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gaceta Oficial No. 4601 25 March 1925 (
  2. (Flags of the World, published DK Publishing, 1997)
  3. Mellander, Gustavo A. (1971) The United States in Panamanian Politics: The Intriguing Formative Years Danville, Ill.: Interstate Publishers, OCLC 138568

Template:Panama topics 4. Mellander, Gustavo A.; Nelly Maldonado Mellander (1999). Charles Edward Magoon: The Panama Years. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial Plaza Mayor. ISBN 1563281554. OCLC 42970390.