Banner o Panama

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Banner ratio: 2:3

The banner o Panama wis made bi Maria Ossa de Amador. It haes been offeecially adoptit bi the "ley 48 de 1925"[1]; the banner is celebratit on November 4, ane day efter Panamanian unthirldom frae Colombie.

The first banner proposed in 1823 consisted o 7 horizontal stripes o reid an yellae, wi a blue canton containin 2 gowden suns, jynt bi a narrae line tae depict the oceans tae be unitit bi the Panama Canal (see the depiction belaw). Housomeivver, this wis no acceptit bi the Panamanian leader, Manuel Amador Guerrero, whose faimily designed a new banner.

The starns an quarters are said tae staund for the rival poleetical pairties, an the white for the peace in which thay operate. Blue wis the colour o the Conservatives, an reid the colour o the Liberals. [2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bunau-Varilla Proposal[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reconstruction o the Bunau Varilla design

The Frenchman Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla designed the first serious proposal for a Panamanian banner.

Bunau-Varilla's design is based on the Banner o the Unitit States, possibly on accoont o that kintra's haund in Panamanian unthirldom. Retainin the thirteen stripes, he chynged the white stripes tae yellae, emphasizin the Panamanian connection tae Colombie an Spain (whose banners baith prominently featur reid an yellae). Varilla replaced the starns in the blue canton wi twa interconnectit yellae suns; the suns represent North an Sooth Americae, an are connectit acause o Panama's poseetion connectin the twa continents.[3]

Bunau-Varilla's proposal wis rejectit bi the Panamanian revolutionary cooncil on the grunds that it wis designed bi a foreigner.

Maria Ossa de Amador Proposal[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current Panamanian banner wis made bi Maria Ossa de Amador on November 1, 1903. The son o Manuel Amador Guerrero, generally recognised as a skillful drawer, sketched the banner an showed it tae Maria Ossa de Amador, who, efter much difficulty in avoidin the Colombian airmy, eventually produced three copies o the banner, which wur aw eventually flewn in Panama Ceety upon unthirldom, an distributit widely.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Panamanian govrenment offeecially describit the banner in Law 15 o December 1949, as follaes: The Banner o the Republic consists thus o a dividit rectangle o fower quarters: the upper field close tae the pole white wi a blue starn o five points; the upper field further frae the pole, red; the lawer field near the pole, blue; an the lawer ane further frae the pole, white wi a red starn o five points.

This banner wis tae reflect the poleetical situation o the time. The blue wis intendit tae represent the Conservative Pairty an the reid tae represent the Leeberal Pairty. The white wis intendit tae staund for peace an purity; the blue starn staunds for the purity an honesty o the life o the kintra; the reid starn represents the authority an law in the kintra; an thegither the starns staund for the new republic.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gaceta Oficial No. 4601 25 March 1925 ( Archived 2012-03-19 at the Wayback Machine)
  2. (Flags of the World, published DK Publishing, 1997)
  3. Mellander, Gustavo A. (1971) The United States in Panamanian Politics: The Intriguing Formative Years Danville, Ill.: Interstate Publishers, OCLC 138568

Template:Panama topics 4. Mellander, Gustavo A.; Nelly Maldonado Mellander (1999). Charles Edward Magoon: The Panama Years. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial Plaza Mayor. ISBN 1563281554. OCLC 42970390.