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Stephen Harper

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Stephen Harper

22nt Prime Meenister o Canadae
In office
Februar 6, 2006 – November 4, 2015
MonarchElizabeth II
Precedit biPaul Martin
Succeedit biJustin Trudeau
Leader o the Opposeetion
In office
Mairch 20, 2004 – Februar 6, 2006
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MeenisterPaul Martin
Precedit biGrant Hill (Actin)
Succeedit biBill Graham (Actin)
In office
Mey 21, 2002 – Januar 8, 2004
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MeenisterJean Chrétien
Paul Martin
Precedit biJohn Reynolds (Actin)
Succeedit biGrant Hill (Actin)
Member o the
Hoose o Commons o Canadae
Assumed office
Juin 28, 2002
Precedit biPreston Manning
ConstituencyCalgary Soothwast
In office
October 25, 1993 – Juin 2, 1997
Precedit biJames Hawkes
Succeedit biRob Anders
ConstituencyCalgary West
Personal details
BornStephen Joseph Harper
(1959-04-30) 30 Aprile 1959 (age 65)
Toronto, Ontario
Poleetical pairtyConservative Pairty (2003–present)
Ither poleetical
Liberal Pairty (Afore 1985)
Progressive Conservative Pairty (1985–1986)
Reform Pairty (1987–1997)
Canadian Alliance (2002–2003)
Spoose(s)Laureen Teskey
(m. 1993–present)
BairnsBenjamin, Rachel
Residence24 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario (Offeecial)
Calgary, Alberta (Private)
Alma materVarsity o Calgary
ReligionChristian an Missionary Alliance
LeidInglis, French
WabsteidOfficial website

Stephen Joseph Harper (born Aprile 30, 1959), PC, MP, is the twenty-seicont prime meenister o Canadae an leader o the Conservative Pairty. Harper becam prime meenister whan his pairty fairmed a minority govrenment efter the 2006 federal election. He is the first prime meenister frae the newly reconstitutit Conservative Pairty, follaein a merger o the Progressive Conservative an Canadian Alliance pairties.

Harper is an evangelical Christian wi a pouer base in Alberta, home o Canadae's ile boom. Kent as an ally o Canadian fossil fuels, he haes promotit thair export tae the U.S. an Cheenae. He haes helped the federal govrenment tae dismantle some environmental restrictions on economic growth. Harper increased federal defense spendin bi nearly $1 billion annually in his first fower years in affice, wi mair projectit. Canadae haes amassed a federal debt ower $600 billion bi mid-2013.[2]

Harper haes been the Member o Parliament (MP) for the ridin o Calgary Soothwast in Alberta syne 2002. Earlier, frae 1993 tae 1997, he wis the MP for Calgary Wast. He wis ane o the foondin members o the Reform Pairty, but did nae seek re-election, an instead joined, an shortly thareefter led, the Naitional Citizens Coalition.[3] In 2002, he succeedit Stockwell Day as leader o the Canadian Alliance (the successor tae the Reform Pairty) an returned tae parliament as Leader o the Opposeetion. In 2003, he reached an agreement wi Progressive Conservative leader Peter MacKay for the merger o their twa pairties tae fairm the Conservative Pairty o Canadae. He wis electit as the pairty's first non-interim leader in Mairch 2004.

Harper's Conservative Pairty wan a stranger minority in the October 2008 federal election, shawing\ a smaa increase in the percentage o the popular vote an increased representation in the Canadian Hoose o Commons, wi 143 o 308 seats. The 40t Canadian Parliament wis dissolved in Mairch 2011, efter his govrenment failed a na-confidence vote on the issue o the Cabinet bein in contempt o parliament.[4]

In the Mey 2011 federal election, Harper's Conservative Pairty wan a majority govrenment, the first syne the 2000 federal election. His pairty wan 166 seats, an increase o 23 seats frae the October 2008 election.


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  1. Prime Minister Stephen Harper Archived 2012-05-02 at the Wayback Machine. About.com – Canada online. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 27 Juin 2013. Retrieved 30 Juin 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. National Citizens Coalition (NCC) – Harper's presidency was a critical period Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine. The Harper Index, May 11, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2011
  4. Bruce Cheadle (Mar. 25, 2011). "Harper government topples on contempt motion, triggering May election". The Canadian Press; CTV news. Retrieved March 26, 2011. Check date values in: |date= (help)

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