New York Ceety

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New York
The Ceety o New York
Clockwise frae top: Midtown Manhattan, the Unitit Naitions Heidquairters, the Statue o Liberty, the Brooklyn Bridge, Central Park, Times Square, an the Unisphere in Queens
Banner o New York
Banner
Eik-name(s): 
The Big Apple, Gotham, Center o the Universe, The Ceety That Neier Sleeps,[1] The Caipital o the Warld[2][3][4]
Location in the state o New York
Location in the state o New York
New York is locatit in the Unitit States
New York
New York
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 40°39′51″N 73°56′19″W / 40.66417°N 73.93861°W / 40.66417; -73.93861[5]
KintraUnited States
Historic CountriesIngland, Dutch Republic
StateNew York
Historic ColonyColony o New York
CoontiesBronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond
Settled1624
Incorporatit1898
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor–Cooncil
 • BodiNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (I)
Area
 • Ceety1,213.4 km2 (468.48 sq mi)
 • Laund783.8 km2 (302.64 sq mi)
 • Water429.5 km2 (165.84 sq mi)
Elevation10 m (33 ft)
Population
 (2012 Unitit States Census estimates[8])[9]
 • Ceety8,336,697 (1st)
 • Density10,518.60/km2 (27243.06/sq mi)
 • Metro
18,897,109 (1st)
 • CSA
22085649 (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212, 347, 646, 718, 917, 929
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS featur ID975772
Websitewww.nyc.gov

New York is the maist populous ceety in the Unitit States an the centre o the New York metropolitan aurie, whilk is ane o the maist populous metropolitan auries in the warld. New York Ceety haes a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, cultur, airt, fashion, research, eddication, an entertainment. As host o the Unitit Naitions Heidquarters, it is an aa an important centre for internaitional affairs. The ceety is aften referred tae as New York Ceety or the Ceety o New York tae distinguish it frae the state o New York, o which it is a pairt.

Locatit on a lairge naitural harbour on the Atlantic coast o the Northeastren Unitit States, the ceety consists o five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, an Staten Island. The ceety's 2009 estimatit population approached 8.4 million, an wi a land aurie o 305 square mile (790 km2), New York Ceety is the maist densely populatit major ceety in the Unitit States. The New York metropolitan aurie's population is the USA's mucklest, estimatit at 19.1 million fowk ower 6,720 square mile (17,400 km2). The Combined Statistical Aurie contained 22.2 million fowk as o 2009 Census estimates, an aa the mucklest in the Unitit States.

New York wis foondit as a commercial tredin post bi the Dutch in 1624. The dounset wis cawed New Amsterdam til 1664 whan the colony came unner Inglis control.

Mony destricts an laundmerks in the ceety hae acome weel kent tae ootsiders. The Statue o Liberty greetit millions o immigrants as thay came tae Americae in the late 19t an early 20t centuries. Times Square, iconifee'd as "The Crossroads o the Warld", is the brichtly illuminatit hub o the Broadway theatre destrict, ane o the warld's busiest pedestrian intersections, an a major centre o the warld's entertainment industry. Anchored bi Wall Street, in Lawer Manhattan, New York vies wi Lunnon as the financial caipital o the warld an is hame tae the New York Stock Exchynge, the warld's mucklest stock exchynge bi mercat caipitalisation o its leetit companies. The oreeginal Manhattan Chinatown attracts thrangs o tourists tae its bustlin sidewalks an retail establishments. Warld-cless schuils an varsities sic as Columbia University, New York University an Fordham University an aa reside in New York Ceety.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

New York Ceety haes ten sister ceeties recognisit bi Sister Cities International (SCI):[10]

Airms Ceety Geographical location Naition Syne
Emblem of Tokyo Metropolis.svg Tokyo Kantō region (Honshū island)  Japan 1960
  Beijing    Cheenae[11] 1980
  Cairo Cairo Govrenorate  Egyp 1982
Escudo de Madrid.svg Madrid Flag of the Community of Madrid.svg Community o Madrid  Spain [12] 1982
Escudo de Santo Domingo de Guzmán.svg Santo Domingo Naitional Destrict  Dominican Republic 1983
Coa Hungary Town Budapest big.svg Budapest Central Hungary  Hungary 1992
Roum Flag of Lazio.svg Lazio (Latium)  Italy 1992
Emblem of Jerusalem.svg Jerusalem Jerusalem Destrict  Israel 1993
Arms of the Greater London Council.svg Lunnon  Ingland  Unitit Kinrick 2001
Coat of Arms of Johannesburg.svg Johannesburg Gauteng[13]  Sooth Africae 2003

Lik New York Ceety, aw except Beijing are the maist populous ceeties o thair respective kintras.[14]

Unlik New York Ceety, aw but Johannesburg serve as de facto or de jure naitional poleetical caipitals. New York an her sister ceeties are aw major economic centres, but few o the sister ceeties share New York's status as a major seaport.[15]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Why is New York City known as "the Big Apple" and "Gotham?"". Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 16 Juin 2011.
  2. "Showcase Destinations New York City: Capital of the World". Mpiweb.org. 22 September 1924. Retrieved 16 Juin 2011.
  3. "About New York City". The City of New York. Retrieved 16 Juin 2011.
  4. Eugene J. Sherman. "FORWARD New York – Capital of the Modern World". The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY 2011. Retrieved 16 Juin 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 Februar 2011. Retrieved 23 Apryle 2011.
  6. the Mayor, New York City Office of (8 Januar 2010). "Biography". New York, City of. Retrieved 8 Januar 2010.
  7. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  8. Sam Roberts (5 Apryle 2012). "Population Growth in New York City Is Outpacing 2010 Census, 2011 Estimates Show". © 2012 The New York Times Company. Retrieved 24 Apryle 2012.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  10. "New York City Global Partners". The City of New York. 2010. Retrieved 27 Januar 2010.
  11. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  12. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
  13. It occupies pairt o the umwhile province o Transvaal.
  14. The Statesman's Yearbook 2003, editit bi Barry Turner, Palgrave Macmillan (Basingstoke, London and New York), 2002, ISBN 0-333-98096-4
  15. "Countries of the World", Whitaker's Almanack 1999 (Standard Edition), The Stationery Office, Lunnon, 1998, ISBN 0-11-702240-3, pp. 781–785, 907

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]