Annan, Dumfries an Gallowa

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Annan
Annan is locatit in Dumfries an Gallowa
Annan
Annan
Location within Dumfries an Gallowa
Population8,389 [2] (2001 Census)
est. 8,480[3] (2006)
OS grid referenceNY19466
Cooncil aurie
Lieutenancy aurie
KintraScotland
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Post tounANNAN
Postcode destrictDG12
Diallin code01461
PoliceScots
FireScots
AmbulanceScots
EU PairlamentScotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
Leet o places
UK
Scotland
54°58′59″N 3°15′58″W / 54.983°N 3.266°W / 54.983; -3.266Coordinates: 54°58′59″N 3°15′58″W / 54.983°N 3.266°W / 54.983; -3.266

Annan is a toun an umwhile ryal burgh in Dumfries an Gallowa, soothwast Scotland. Historically pairt o Dumfriesshire, its public biggins includes Annan Academy, o whit the scriever Thomas Carlyle wis a scholart, an a Georgian biggin noo kent as "Bridge House". The Toun Hoose wis built in Victorian style in 1878, uisin the local saundstane. Annan featurs a Historic Resources Centre an aw. In Port Street, some o the windaes remeens blockit up tae avyde payin the windae tax.

Ilk year on the first Seturday in Julie, Annan celebrates the Ryal Chairter an the boonds o the Ryal Burgh is confirmt whan a muntit cavalcade unnertaks the Riding of the Marches. Enterteenment includes a paraud, sports, field shaws, an amasst pipe baunds.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annan staunds on the River Annan - fae whit it is name't - nearly 2 mile fae its mooth, accessible tae boats o 60 ton as faur as Annan Brig an 300 ton within 0.5 mile o the toun.[4] It is 15 mile fae Dumfries by rail,[5] in the region o Dumfries an Gallowa on the Solway Firth in the sooth o Scotland. Eastriggs is aboot 3 mile til the east an Gretna is aboot 8 mile til the east.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roman orrals exist nearby.

Annan Castle formt the oreeginal hame o the de Brus faimily, later kent as 'the Bruces', lairds o Annandale,[5] that maist famous produce't Robert the Bruce. It wis at the Battle o Annan in December 1332 that Bruce supporters owerwhalmt Balliol's forces tae bring aboot the end o the first invasion o Scotland in the Seicont War o Scots Unthirldom. The Balliols an the Douglases wis mair or less close associatit wi Annan an aw.[5]

Bruce's Wall is a naitural spring that is on the edge o the River Annan juist dounstream o the Gala Burn an its Glen. It is associatit wi Robert the Bruce as recordit bi Historic Environment Scotland [1].

Durin the speal o Mairches lawlessness the woners dreed aftwhiles at the haunds o moss-troupers an throu the fieds o rival faimilies, in addeetion til the losses caused bi the Wars o Scots Unthirldom.[5] Durin his retreat fae Derby, Bonnie Prince Charlie steyed in the Heich Steet at the inn whaur the "Back to the Buck" noo staunds.

Wi the river embankit, Annan served as a maritime toun whase shipyairds built mony clippers an ither boats. A cairn on the jet commemorates Robert Burns, that wrocht as an exciseman here in the 1790s. Awthou the port is noo mainly dry, a wheen o saundit boats remeen.

Annan Academy haes a history that gangs back til the 17t century an alumni includin Thomas Carlyle. Its nouadays campus on St John's Road maistly dates til the 1960s.

Efter the Acts o Union 1707, Annan, Dumfries, Kirkcoubrie, Lochmaben, and Sanchar formt the Dumfries destrict o burghs, electin ae member atween thaim til the Hoose o Commons.[4] Annan afore formt Annan in the Pairlament o Scotland an the Convenery o the Estates o Scotland. In 1871, the Dumfries Burghs haed a population o 3,172 an the ryal burgh o Annan haed 4,174 governt bi a provost an 14 cooncillors.[4] A Harbour Trust wis estaiblisht in 1897 tae impruive the port.[5]

By 1901, the population wis 5,805, bidin maistly in reid saundstane biggins.[5]

The train turntable wis designt and developit in Annan; it can be seen thir days in the York Railway Museum.

Laundmerks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Juist ootside the toun, the Chapelcross nuclear pouer station haes noo shut doun an is bein decommissiont. The fower cuilin tours wis demolisht in 2007.

Nearby, John Maxwell, 4t Laird Herries o Terregles built Hoddam Castle c. 1552–1565)

Til the east o the toun is locatit the sattlement o Watchill an the seemilar name't Watchhall.

Pairt o the A75 road atween Annan an Dumfries is reported tae be hauntit.[6][7]

Distillery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annandale Distillery his nou offeecial re-appent in Annan, that last produce't a Lawland single maut 90 year syne; awthou it is yet in early stages.[8]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annan is served by several kirks o different denominations, includin:

Built as a Congregational kirk in 1794, it becam a Catholic kirk in 1839. Addit tae in 1904 by Charles Walker o Newcastle upon Tyne as the gift o the pairish priest the Rev Canon Lord Archibald Douglas.[11]

Thare is a local interkirk group an aw, kent as the Annandale Churches Together.[12]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 19t century, Annan wis connectit til the Glasgow and South Western Railway, Caledonian Railway, an the Solway Junction Railway. It exportit ham, beef, mutton, an grain tae England; it produce't cotton claith, raips, ships, an saumon an aw. By the First Warld War, it was a centre o baucon-hammin, distillin, tannin, saundstane quarrelin, an nursery gairdenin an aw.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annan Brig, a stane brig o three airches, built atween 1824 an 1827, cairies road traffeck ower the River Annan.[5] It wis designt bi Robert Stevenson an built bi John Lowry. Thare is a railwey brig[5] an a nearby pedestrian brig ower the Annan an aw. It is yet served bi the Annan railwey station, the auld Solway Junction Railway station Annan Shawhill haein closed tae passengers in 1931 an tae frocht in 1955.

Ootby acteevity[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annandale Wey is a 53-mile walkin route[13] that wis appent in September 2009. The route rins throu Annandale, fae the soorce o the River Annan til the sea; it passes throu the town o Annan an offers interestin walkin baith up the river and down fae the toun.[14]

Namely fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) - Scots satricial scriever, essayist, historaian, an teacher
  • David Gpw CBE (born 1957) - inventor o the i-Limb prosthetic haund
  • Edward Irving (1792-1834) - clergyman, main feegur ahint the foondation o the Catholic Apostolic Kirk. Thare is a statue o him in the grunds o Annan Old Pairish Kirk. The statue wis relocatit fae ootside the toun haw in the 1960s.
  • Hardy Wright (1893-1974) - Scots grewhoond trainer, responsible for bringin the Barbican Cup (coorsin) tae Scotland for the first time.
  • Jack Wright (1850-1929) - coorsin enthusiast, faither o Hardy Wright (abuin)

Gailerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-names of Scotland[deid airtin]
  2. Browser Population. Scrol.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  3. Publications and Data. General Register office for Scotland.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 EB (1878).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 EB (1911).
  6. Cohen, Daniel; Marchesi, Stephen (1992). "The Annan Road Horrors". Railway Ghosts and Highway Horrors. London: Apple. pp. 61–66. ISBN 0-590-45423-4.
  7. rale (18 June 2010). "The Four Most Frightening Roads You Can Travel". Weird Worm. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  8. A Sleeping Beauty Awakens, Annandale Distillery Archived 7 Julie 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Annandaledistillery.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  9. Annan Old Parish Church
  10. St. Andrew's Parish Church
  11. "scotlandschurchestrust.org.uk".
  12. "Annandale Churches Together", Annan.org.uk, retrieved 5 May 2013.
  13. Annandale Way website. Annandaleway.org. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  14. The Long Distance Walkers Association – Annandale Way. Ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  15. Andy Aitken in the Queen of the South club history Archived 28 Februar 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Qosfc.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Civil parishes in Dumfries and Galloway