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Comune di Mentana
Mentana is locatit in Italy
Location o Mentana in Italy
Coordinates: 42°01′N 12°39′E / 42.017°N 12.650°E / 42.017; 12.650
Kintra Italy
Region Lazio
Province Roum
Frazioni Casali, Castelchiodato, Mezzaluna
 • Mayor Altiero Lodi (PD)
 • Total 24 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (28 Februar 2010)
 • Tot 21,286
 • Density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mentanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00013
Dialin code 06
Patron saunt St. Nicholas o Bari
Saunt day December 6
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Mentana is a toun an comune in the province o Roum, Lazio, central Italy. It is locatit 29 km north-east o Roum an haes a population o aboot 21,000.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mentana's name in ancient times was Nomentum, to which the Via Nomentana led from Rome. According to Livy, the town was part of the Latin League, which went to war with Rome during the reign of Rome's king Lucius Tarquinius Priscus. Nomentum was one of a number of towns captured by Tarquinius.[1]

It was a Latin town, but was considered by some to be Sabine, and, like Fidenae and Ficulea, was excluded from the first region by Augustus, who made the Anio river its northern boundary. The city was part of the League defeated by Rome in the Battle o Lake Regillus, and was captured definitively in 338 BCE.

Subsequently Nomentum received the civitas sine suffragio; in its municipal constitution the chief magistrate even in imperial times bore the title of dictator. Pliny and Martial often praise the fertility of its neighbourhood.

In 408 CE it is mentioned as a episcopal see, an in 593 it annexed the diocese o Cures. In 741 it wis briefly occupee'd bi the Lombards an the inhabitants muivit tae a new centre on the Via Nomentana which wis mair easily defendable. On 23 November 799, it wis the steid of the meetin o Pape Leo III an Charlemagne.

The Castle o Nomentum wis a possession o the Roman faimily o the Crescenzi in the 10t an 11t century. In 1058 it wis destroyed bi the Normans an the population wis drastically reducit. The castle wis acquired bi the Capocci faimily an, later, the Holy See entrustit it tae the Benedictine monks o San Paolo fuori le Mura.

In the 15t century it wis unner control o the Orsini faimily. In 1484 it wis damagit bi an yirdquauk. In 1594 it became a fief o the Perett faimily, first unner Michele Perett o Venafro, an then in 1655 it came unner the control o Marcantonio Borghese an the Hoose o Borghese.

Inner square o the castle in Mentana.

On 3 November 1867 the ceety wis the steid o the Battle o Mentana atween French-Papal troops an the Italian volunteers led bi Giuseppe Garibaldi, who wur attemptin tae captur Roum in order tae incorporate it intae the newly unifee'd Kinrick o Italy. The battle endit in a victory bi the French-Papal troops. In Mentana, the monument Ara dei Caduti (Altar o the Fawen) is built ower the mass grave o the Italian patriots who dee'd in the battle.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The Castle (c. 1000), hoosin the Airchaeological Museum an is a steid o airt exhibitions.
  • Palazzo Crescenzio
  • Funerar Monument o the Appulei, a 2nt-century BC travertine frieze
  • Museum o the Risorgimento
  • Science Museum.

The Natur Preserve o Nomentum includes the Trentani Pairk an the Macchia (Maquis shrubland) o Gattacieca, the remains o the auncient ceety as well as a necropolis o the 8t century BCE.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]