Ardea, Lazio

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Comune di Ardea
The kirk o St. Peter.
The kirk o St. Peter.
Ardea is locatit in Italy
Location o Ardea in Italy
Coordinates: 41°37′N 12°33′E / 41.617°N 12.550°E / 41.617; 12.550
Kintra Italy
Region Lazio
Province Roum
Frazioni Banditella, Nuova Florida, Castagnetta, Castagnola, Centro Regina, Nuova California, Colle Romito, Lido dei Pini, Marina di Ardea, Rio Verde, Tor San Lorenzo, Tor San Lorenzo Lido, Montagnano.
 • Mayor Luca Di Fiori (PdL)
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 37 m (121 ft)
Population (February 26, 2007)
 • Tot 40,010
 • Density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ardeatini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00040
Dialin code 06
Patron saunt Saunt Peter the Apostle
Saunt day June 29
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Ardea is a auncient toun an comune in the province o Roum, 35 kilometres (22 miles) sooth o Roum an aboot 4 kilometres (2 miles) frae the day's Mediterranean coast.

The economy is maistly based on agricultur, awtho, stairtin frae the 1970s, industry haes haed a increasingly important role.

Ceety gate o Ardea

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ardea is ane o the maist auncient touns in wastren Europe, foondit aboot in the 8t century BC wis the caipital o the Rutuli, mentioned in the Aeneid. Efter the Roman conquest, Ardea wis maist aften mentioned in connection wi the Via Ardeatina, ane o the consular roads, tae which it gae its name. Columella awned a ferm thare.

In 509 BC Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the keeng o Roum socht unsuccessfully tae tak the toun bi storm, an then commencit a siege o the toun.[1] Housomeivver the siege wis interrupted bi the revolution which resultit in the owerthrow o the keeng an the establishment o the Roman Republic. Ane o the leaders o the revolution, Lucius Junius Brutus, came tae the camp of the Roman airmy at Ardea an wan the airmy's support for the revolution.

In 443 BC the Volscians laid siege tae Ardea. The siege wis suin breuken bi Roman troops unner the leadership o Marcus Geganius Macerinus.

Durin the Seicont Punic War, it wis ane o the few ceeties that refused militar support tae Roum, an, efter the Roman victory, wis deprivit o its autonomy. In the 3rd-2nt centuries BC it decayed till, in the Imperial Age, it wis scarcely populatit at aw. The 1st century agricultural writer Columella possessed estates thare.[2]

A view o the auncient agger

Efter the faw o the Roman Empire, in the Medieval age, Ardea wis abandoned. It returned tae growthe anerly efter the 9t century AD. Its castle in 1118 hoosit Pape Gelasius II an wis later contendit amang various feudal barons o the aurie. In 1419 Pape Martin V assigned it tae his kinsmen, the Colonna faimily, who sauld it in 1564 tae the Cesarini.

In 1816 it became a frazione o Genzano. Stairtin frae 1932, the surroondin aurie wis drained an Ardea began tae flourish again, becomin a frazione o Pomezia stairtin frae its foondation aroond 1948 an a unthirlt municipality in 1970.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Remains o the auncient ceety include the auld defensive agger, datin tae the 7t century BC an later (4t century BC) updatit tae lairger waws. Airchaeological excavations hae brocht tae licht fower temples, o unkent dedication. Pairt o the pavement o a basilica (c. 100 BC) hae been foond in the aurie o the auncient Forum an aw. Ither sichts include:

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ardea is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Lucius Tarquinius Superbus". 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  2. Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella (1745). L. Junius Moderatus Columella of Husbandry, in Twelve Books: and his book, concerning Trees. Translated into English, with illustrations from Pliny, Cato, Varro, Palladius and other ancient and modern authors. London: A. Millar. p. 130. 
  3. il michele. "Stefanina Aldobrandini Ricevimenti". Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  4. "Home - Raccolta Manzù". Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  5. "Italy - Lazio: Towns Twinning". 1998-04-26. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]