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Comune di Monterotondo
The Cathedral o Monterotondo.
The Cathedral o Monterotondo.
Monterotondo is locatit in Italy
Location o Monterotondo in Italy
Coordinates: 42°03′N 12°37′E / 42.050°N 12.617°E / 42.050; 12.617
Kintra Italy
Region Lazio
Province Roum
 • Mayor Mauro Alessandri
 • Total 40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (31 Dizember 2004)
 • Tot 34,095
 • Density 850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Eretini or Monterotondesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00015, 00016
Dialin code 06
Patron saunt Sts. Philip an James
Saunt day Mey 11
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Monterotondo is a toun an comune in the Province o Roum, central Italy.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae some historians, Monterotondo is the heir o auncient Sabine toun o Eretum, awtho the modren dounset appeared in the 10t-11t centuries in a different location. The name derives frae the medieval corruption (then Mons Teres, then Monte Ritondo) o the oreeginal Mons Eretum.

In the Middle Ages, due tae its location athort the Via Salaria, Monterotondo wis a strategic pynt for the defence o Roum. Initially unner the Capocci faimily, it wis sauld in the 12t century tae the Orsini, who held it till the 18t century. In 1432 it wis seizit bi the condottiero Niccolò Fortebraccio, an in 1485 it wis set on fire bi the Orsini.

In 1634 the Barberini acquired the toun, restorin or enlairgin several edifices, an biggin the Cathedral (1639). On 28 Apryle 1864 the Roum an Monterotondo Railroad wis opened for service.

In 1943, efter the Italian airmistice wi the Allees, 800 German paratroopers treed unsuccessfully tae reconquer it.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]