Iași

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Iași
Ceety
Frae top left: Palace o Cultur, Vasile Alecsandri Statue in front o the National Theatre, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Golia Tower, Metropolitan Cathedral, an the Botanical Garden
Coat o airms o Iași
Coat o airms
Eik-name(s): 
The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, The Ceety o Great Loves, The Ceety o the Famous Destinies, The Ceety o Great Ideas, The Ceety o the Three Unions, The Ceety on Seiven Hills[1][2][3][4]
Iași is locatit in Romania
Iași
Iași
Location o Iași athin Romanie (in red)
Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028
Kintra Romanie
CoontyIași Coonty
StatusMunicipality
Foondit1408 (first offeecial record)
Govrenment
 • MayorGheorghe Nichita (Social Democrat Pairty (Romanie))
Area
 • Ceety93.9 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
 • Metro
808 km2 (312 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census[5])
 • Ceety263,410
 • Density2,805/km2 (7,260/sq mi)
 • Metro
349,992
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
700xxx
Aurie code(s)+40 x32
Caur PlatesIS
Wabsteidwww.primaria-iasi.ro

Iaşi (Romanie pronunciation: [ˈjaʃʲ]) (historically referred tae as Jassy or Iassy an aw), is the seicont lairgest ceety (accordin tae the last census) an a municipality in Romanie. Locatit in the historical Moldavie region, Iaşi haes tradeetionally been ane o the leadin centres o Romanie social, cultural, academic and artistic life. The ceety wis the caipital o the Principality o Moldavie frae 1564 tae 1859, then o the Unitit Principalities frae 1859 tae 1862 an the caipital o Romanie frae 1916 tae 1918.

Kent as The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, Iaşi is a seembol in Romanie history. The historian Nicolae Iorga said "Thare shoud be nae Romanie who does no ken o it".[6]

Still referred tae as The Moldavie Caipital,[7] Iaşi is the seat o Iaşi Coonty an the main economic centre o the Romanie region o Moldavie. The social an cultural life revolves aroond the Vasile Alecsandri Naitional Theater (the auldest in Romanie), the Moldova State Philharmonic, the Opera House, the Tătăraşi Athenaeum, a famous Botanical Garden (the auldest an lairgest in Romanie), the Central University Library (the auldest in Romanie), the heich quality cultural centres an festivals, an array o museums, memorial hooses, releegious an historical monuments.

Etymology an names[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is historically referred tae as:

  • German, Pols, Inglis: Jassy
  • French: Iassy
  • Hungarian: Jászvásár
  • [Яссы, Yassy] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help)
  • [יאס, Yas] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help)
  • [Ιάσιο, Iàsio] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help)
  • Turkis: Yaş
  • [Яси, Yasy] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help)
  • Italian: Jassi

Scholars hae different theories on the oreegin o the name "Iaşi".[8] Some argue that the name oreeginates wi the Sarmatian tribe Iazyges (o Iranian oreegin), ane mentioned bi Ovid as "Ipse vides onerata ferox ut ducata Iasyx/ Per media Istri plaustra bubulcus aquas" an "Iazyges et Colchi Metereaque turba Getaque/ Danubii mediis vix prohibentur aquis".

A nou lost inscription on a Roman milestane[9] foond near Osijek, Croatie bi Matija Petar Katančić in the 18t century, mentions the existence o a Jassiorum municipium,[10] or Municipium Dacorum-Iassiorum frae ither sources.[11]

Anither explanation is that the name oreeginatit frae the Iranian Alanic tribe o Jassi. The Hungarian name o the ceety (Jászvásár) literally means "Jassic Mercat"; the antiquatit Romanian name, Târgul Ieşilor (an the ance-favoured Iaşii), mey indicate the same meanin.

Oral sources say that the name mey come frae an airchaic form o the Romanian wird "tae exit" acause the ceety wis an important trade node in the region.[citation needit]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iaşi is twinned wi:

Jericho, Palestinian Authority (2003)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. – 80th anniversary of the Great Union of 1918
  2. – Iasi, the cultural city (in Romanie)
  3. – About Iasi at laiasi.ro (in Romanie)
  4. Romanian Cities at tarom.ro (in Romanie)
  5. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Utilities at line 38: bad argument #1 to 'ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  6. Tourism - About Iasi
  7. About Iasi City
  8. The beginnings of Iasi (in Romanie)
  9. Museum Documentation Center Croatie, A Tractate on the Roman Milestone Discovered near Osijek
  10. Columbia University, Orbis Latinus - entry for Jassium
  11. Orașul Iași: monografie istorică și socială(in Romanie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]