Iași

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Iași
Ceety
Frae top left: Palace o Cultur, Vasile Alecsandri Statue in front o the National Theatre, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Golia Tower, Metropolitan Cathedral, an the Botanical Garden
Coat of airms o Iași
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, The Ceety o Great Loves, The Ceety o the Famous Destinies, The Ceety o Great Ideas, The Ceety o the Three Unions, The Ceety on Seiven Hills[1][2][3][4]
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Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028
Kintra Romanie
CoontyIași Coonty
StatusMunicipality
Foondit1408 (first offeecial record)
Govrenment
 • MayorGheorghe Nichita (Social Democrat Pairty (Romanie))
Area
 • Ceety93.9 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
 • Metro
808 km2 (312 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census[5])
 • Ceety263,410
 • Density2805/km2 (7,260/sq mi)
 • Metro
349,992
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
700xxx
Area code(s)+40 x32
Caur PlatesIS
Websitewww.primaria-iasi.ro

Iaşi (Romanie pronunciation: [ˈjaʃʲ]) (historically referred tae as Jassy or Iassy an aw), is the seicont lairgest ceety (accordin tae the last census) an a municipality in Romanie. Locatit in the historical Moldavie region, Iaşi haes tradeetionally been ane o the leadin centres o Romanie social, cultural, academic and artistic life. The ceety wis the caipital o the Principality o Moldavie frae 1564 tae 1859, then o the Unitit Principalities frae 1859 tae 1862 an the caipital o Romanie frae 1916 tae 1918.

Kent as The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, Iaşi is a seembol in Romanie history. The historian Nicolae Iorga said "Thare shoud be nae Romanie who does no ken o it".[6]

Still referred tae as The Moldavie Caipital,[7] Iaşi is the seat o Iaşi Coonty an the main economic centre o the Romanie region o Moldavie. The social an cultural life revolves aroond the Vasile Alecsandri Naitional Theater (the auldest in Romanie), the Moldova State Philharmonic, the Opera House, the Tătăraşi Athenaeum, a famous Botanical Garden (the auldest an lairgest in Romanie), the Central University Library (the auldest in Romanie), the heich quality cultural centres an festivals, an array o museums, memorial hooses, releegious an historical monuments.

Etymology an names[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is historically referred tae as:

  • German, Pols, Inglis: Jassy
  • French: Iassy
  • Hungarian: Jászvásár
  • [Яссы, Yassy] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)
  • [יאס, Yas] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)
  • [Ιάσιο, Iàsio] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)
  • Turkis: Yaş
  • [Яси, Yasy] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)
  • Italian: Jassi

Scholars hae different theories on the oreegin o the name "Iaşi".[8] Some argue that the name oreeginates wi the Sarmatian tribe Iazyges (o Iranian oreegin), ane mentioned bi Ovid as "Ipse vides onerata ferox ut ducata Iasyx/ Per media Istri plaustra bubulcus aquas" an "Iazyges et Colchi Metereaque turba Getaque/ Danubii mediis vix prohibentur aquis".

A nou lost inscription on a Roman milestane[9] foond near Osijek, Croatie bi Matija Petar Katančić in the 18t century, mentions the existence o a Jassiorum municipium,[10] or Municipium Dacorum-Iassiorum frae ither sources.[11]

Anither explanation is that the name oreeginatit frae the Iranian Alanic tribe o Jassi. The Hungarian name o the ceety (Jászvásár) literally means "Jassic Mercat"; the antiquatit Romanian name, Târgul Ieşilor (an the ance-favoured Iaşii), mey indicate the same meanin.

Oral sources say that the name mey come frae an airchaic form o the Romanian wird "tae exit" acause the ceety wis an important trade node in the region.[citation needit]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iaşi is twinned wi:

Jericho, Palestinian Authority (2003)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. – 80th anniversary of the Great Union of 1918
  2. – Iasi, the cultural city Archived 2012-08-02 at Archive.today (in Romanie)
  3. – About Iasi Archived 2017-12-05 at the Wayback Machine at laiasi.ro (in Romanie)
  4. Romanian Cities Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine at tarom.ro (in Romanie)
  5. "Iasi County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. 2 Februar 2012. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 23 Julie 2013. Retrieved 16 Februar 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. "Tourism - About Iasi". Archived frae the original on 29 Juin 2012. Retrieved 10 Mairch 2011.
  7. "About Iasi City". Archived frae the original on 23 Apryle 2016. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2011.
  8. The beginnings of Iasi (in Romanie)
  9. Museum Documentation Center Croatie, A Tractate on the Roman Milestone Discovered near Osijek Archived 2004-11-07 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Columbia University, Orbis Latinus - entry for Jassium
  11. Orașul Iași: monografie istorică și socială(in Romanie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]