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Ither transcription(s)
 • Arabicأريحا
 • Ebreuיְרִיחוֹ
The ceety o Jericho frae Tell es-Sultan
The ceety o Jericho frae Tell es-Sultan
Jericho is located in the Palestinian territories
Location o Jericho within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°52′16″N 35°26′39″E / 31.87111°N 35.44417°E / 31.87111; 35.44417Coordinates: 31°52′16″N 35°26′39″E / 31.87111°N 35.44417°E / 31.87111; 35.44417
Palestine grid193/140
Foondit9600 BC
 • TeepCeety (from 1994)
 • Heid o MunicipalityHassan Saleh[1]
 • Jurisdiction58.701 km2 (22.665 sq mi)
 • Jurisdiction20,300
Name meanin"Fragrant"

Jericho (Arabic: أريحاĀrīḥā [ʔæˈriːħɑː] ( listen)); Hebrew: יְרִיחוֹYəriḥo [jeʁiˈħo] ( listen) is a ceety locatit near the Jordan River in the Wast Bank o the Palestine. It is the caipital o the Jericho Governorate, an haes a population o ower 20,000.[2] Situatit well below sea level on an east-wast route 16 kilometres (10 mi) north o the Dead Sea, Jericho is the lawest permanently inhabitit site on earth. It is an aa believed tae be ane o the auldest continuously inhabitit ceeties o the warld.[3][4][5]

Described in the Ebreu Bible as the "Ceety o Palm Trees", copious springs in an aroond Jericho hae made it an attractive site for human habitation for thoosans o years.[6] It is kent in Judeo-Christian tradition as the place o the Israelites' return frae bondage in Egyp, led bi Joshua, the successor tae Moses. Archaeologists hae uneartht the remains o ower 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first o whilk dates back tae 11,000 years ago (9000 BC).[7]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jericho's Arabic name, Ārīḥā, means "fragrant" an derives frae the Canaanite wird Reah, o the same meanin.[8][9][10][11] Jericho's name in Ebreu, Yəriḥo, is an aa thocht tae derive frae that ruit, though an alternative theory haulds that it is derived frae the wird meanin "muin" (Yareah) in Canaanite, as the ceety wis an early centre o worship for lunar deities.[12]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jericho is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Elected City Council Municipality of Jericho Archived 5 Mey 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
  2. Projected Mid -Year Population for Jericho Governorate by Locality 2004–2006 Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  3. Gates, Charles (2003). "Near Eastern, Egyptian, and Aegean Cities", Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 0415018951. Jericho, in the Jordan River Valley in Palestine, inhabited from ca. 9000 BC to the present day, offers important evidence for the earliest permanent settlements in the Near East.
  4. Murphy-O'Connor, 1998, p. 288.
  5. Freedman et al., 2000, p. 689–671.
  6. Bromiley, 1995, p. 715.
  7. "Jericho", Encyclopedia Britannica
  8. Schreiber, 2003, p. 141.
  9. Ring et al., 1994, p. 367–370.
  10. Bromiley, 1995, p. 1136.
  11. "Bibliotheca Sacra 132" (PDF). 1975. pp. 327–42. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 8 Januar 2011.
  12. Strong's Bible Dictionary
  13. "Pisa - Official Sister Cities". © Comune di Pisa, Via degli Uffizi, 1 - 56100 Pisa centralino: +39 050 910111. Retrieved 16 December 2008.