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(Reguidit frae Cundinamarca Depairtment)
Cundinamarca Depairtment

Departamento de Cundinamarca
Banner o Cundinamarca Depairtment
Coat of airms o Cundinamarca Depairtment
Coat airms
Cundinamarca Corazón de Colombia
(Spainyie: Cundinamarca, Hert o Colombie)
Anthem: Himno de Cundinamarca
Cundinamarca an Bogotá D.C. are shown in red
Cundinamarca an Bogotá D.C. are shown in red
Coordinates: 4°36′N 74°5′W / 4.600°N 74.083°W / 4.600; -74.083
Kintra Colombie
RegionAndean Region
Established15 Juin 1857
 • GovrenorAndrés Gonzales (Colombie Leeberal Pairty)
 • Total24210 km2 (9,350 sq mi)
Area rank17
 • Total2,228,478
 • Rank4
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-CUN

Cundinamarca Spaingie pronunciation: [kundinaˈmarka]) is ane o the depairtments o Colombie. Its aurie covers 24.210 km,2 an it haes a population o 2,280,037. It wis creatit on 5 August 1886 unner the constitutional terms presentit on the same year. Cundinamarca is locatit in the centre o Colombie an its caipital is Bogotá.

Oreegin o the name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o Cundinamarca comes frae kundur marqa, an indigenous expression, probably derivit frae Quechua. Meanin "condor's nest", it wis uised in pre-Columbie times bi the natives o the Magdalena Valley tae refer tae the nearbi heichlands.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Cundinamarca is on the Eastern Cordillera (Cordillera Oriental), juist sooth o Boyacá, bordered bi the Magdalena River on the wast, reachin doun intae the Orinoco River basin on the east, an borderin on Tolima tae the sooth. The caipital destrict o Bogotá is nearly completely surroondit bi Cundinamarca territory an wis formit bi carvin up Cundinamarca; atween this an ither diveesions, the present depairtment o Cundinamarca is hintle smawer than the oreeginal state.

The caipital o Cundinamarca is Bogotá. This is a special case amang Colombie depairtments, syne Bogotá is no legally a pairt o Cundinamarca, yet it is the anerlie depairtment that heas its caipital designatit bi the Constitution (if the caipital wis tae be iver muivit, it wad tak a constitutional reform tae dae sae, insteid o a semple ordinance passed bi the Cundinamarca Assembly). In censuses, the populations for Bogotá an Cundinamarca are tabulatit separately; itherwise, Cundinamarca's population wad tot 9.5 million.

Entity Population Aurie (km²) Densitie
Cundinamarca (excludin D.C.) 2,349,578 22,623 104
Bogotá D.C. 7,881,156 1,587 4,485
Cundinamarca plus Bogotá 10,230,734 24,210 391

Demography an ethnography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities wi ower 50.000 inhabitants[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipal population position[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1st Bogotá 6.776.009
  • 2nt Soacha 398.295
  • 3rd Fusagasugá 107.259
  • 4t Facatativá 106.067
  • 5t Zipaquirá 100.038
  • 6t Chía 97.444
  • 7t Girardot 95.496
  • 8t Mosquera 63.584
  • 9t Madrid 61.599
  • 10t Funza 60.571

Accordin tae the latest census conductit in 2005, 2,280,037 fowk live in Cundinamarca, excludin 6,776,009 o the caipital, Bogotá. The racial makup is:

  • Mestizos an whites (96.28-33%): Mestizos are mixed European-Amerindie bluid. The Bogotá metropolitan aurie haes a history o European (no limitit tae Spainyie) an ither Laitin American immigration.
  • Blacks or Afro-Colombies (3.33-37%)
  • Indigenous/Amerindies (0.31-34%): Vera law percentage.
  • Roma (Gitanos or Gypsies) (0.01%).
  • East Asies (0.01%), aften o Cheenese strynd. Aboot 25,000 Cheenese-Colombies live in the depairtment.

The ceety o Bogotá an the municipalities o Soacha, La Calera, Cota, Chia, Madrid, Funza, Mosquera, Fusagasugá, Facatativá an Zipaquirá form a single metropolitan aurie. It is the maist populous depairtment wi 8 million indwallers an average densitie o 7,400 indwallers per km², ane o the heichest in the warld.

Important ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cundinamarca is made up o 126 municipalities, seiven o which recordit a population o ower 100,000 an coud be considered as ceeties: Bogotá, Soacha, Fusagasugá, Girardot, Facatativá, Zipaquirá an Chia, while Bogota is in the category o caipital.

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cundinamarca haes 15 provinces an the Caipital Destrict o Bogotá (Bogotá D.C.), which simultaneously acts as caipital o the Republic, caipital o the Depairtment an a Destrict (or Depairtment) in itsel.

  1. Almeidas
  2. Upper Magdalena (Alto Magdalena)
  3. Lower Magdalena (Bajo Magdalena)
  4. Gualivá
  5. Guavio
  6. Central Magdalena (Magdalena Centro)
  7. Medina
  8. Eastren (Oriente)
  9. Rionegro
  10. Central Savanna (Sabana Centro)
  11. Wastren Savanna (Sabana Occidente)
  12. Soacha
  13. Sumapaz
  14. Tequendama
  15. Ubaté

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]