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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Spainyie fowk)
Spaingie fowk  · Españoles
Tot population
( Spain Naitionals 41,539,400[1]

(for a total population of 47,059,533)

Nationals Abroad : 2,058,048[2]

Hunders o millions o Hispanic Americans wi Spaingie ancestry)
Regions wi signeeficant populations
Argentinae Argentinae404,111[2]
Fraunce Fraunce215,183[2]
Venezuela Venezuela188,585[2]
Germany Germany122,218[2]
United States Unitit States
(includin Puerto Rico)
Switzerland Swisserland103,247[2]
 Unitit Kinrick81,519[2]
 Dominican Republic18,928[2]
Leids o Spain
(Spaingie, Basque, Catalan, Galicie an ithers)
Christian (Mostly Roman Catholicism 73.4%)[3]
Atheism 24%[4]  · ither faith 2.1% incl.
Jewish · Muslim · Buddhist · Hinduism
Relatit ethnic groups
Portuguese · French · Italians
 · ither Wastren Europeans ·
 · Sephardic ·
 · White Hispanics ·

The Spainyarts (Spaingie: españoles [espaˈɲoles]) are a naition an ethnic group native tae Spain that share a common Spaingie cultur an speak the Spaingie leid as a mither tongue. Athin Spain thare are a nummer o naitionalisms an regionalisms, reflectin the kintra's complex history. The offeecial leid o Spain is Spaingie (kent as Castilian) an aw, a staundart leid based on the mediaeval dialect o the Castilians o north-central Spain. Thare are several commonly speuken regional leids (mainly Basque, Catalan an Galicie). Wi the exception o Basque, the leids native tae Spain are Romance leids. Thare are substantial populations ootside Spain wi ancestors who emigratit frae Spain; maist notably in Hispanic Americae.

The Roman Republic conquered Iberie durin the 2nt and 1st hunderyears BC. As a result o Roman colonization, the majority o local leids, wi the exception o Basque, stem frae the Vulgar Laitin. The Germanic Vandals an Suebi, wi pairt o the Iranian Alans unner Keeng Respendial, arrivit in the peninsula in 409 AD. The Iberian Peninsula wis invadit bi Muslim airmies in 711.[5] Ultimately, Jews an Muslims either convertit tae Catholicism or wur expelled frae Spain in 1492 an 1502, follaein the Reconquista. In the 16t hunderyear, a wave o emigration began, wi 240,000 Spaniards voyagin tae the Americas. They wur jyned bi 450,000 in the next hunderyear.[6] Syne the conquest o Mexico an Peru these twa regions became the principal destinations o Spaingie colonial settlers in the 16t hunderyear.[7] In the period 1850–1950, 3.5 million Spaingie left for the Americas, pairticularly Argentinae, Uruguay, Mexico,[8] Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, an Cuba.[9]

Spain is hame tae ane o the lairgest commonties o Romani fowk (commonly kent bi the Inglis exonym "gypsies", Spaingie: gitanos). The Spaingie Roma, which belang tae the Iberie Kale subgroup (calé), are a umwhile-nomadic commonty, which spread athort Wastren Asie, North Africae, an Europe, first reachin Spain in the 15t hunderyear. The population o Spain is becomin increasinly diverse due tae recent immigration. Frae 2000 tae 2010, Spain haed amang the heichest per caipita immigration rates in the warld an the seicont heichest absolute net migration in the Warld (efter the USA)[10] and immigrants now make up about 10% of the population.

Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Official Population Figures of Spain. Population on the 1 January 2013". INE Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Archived frae the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Explotación estadística del Padrón de Españoles Residentes en el Extranjero a 1 de enero de 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 19 Juin 2014.
  3. "El 73,4% de los españoles se declara católico, según el CIS :: España :: Religión Digital". Periodistadigital.com. Retrieved 24 Februar 2014.
  4. "Los ateos salen del armario | Noticias generales". elmundo.es. Retrieved 24 Februar 2014.
  5. Dirk Hoerder, Cultures in Contact: World Migrations in the Second Millennium, p.28, Duke University Press, 2002
  6. Axtell, James (September–October 1991). "The Columbian Mosaic in Colonial America". Humanities. 12 (5): 12–18. Archived frae the original on 17 Mey 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2008."Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 17 Mey 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. "Migration to Latin America". Let.leidenuniv.nl. Archived frae the original on 20 Mey 2014. Retrieved 24 Februar 2014.
  8. Patricia Rivas. "Reconocerán nacionalidad española a descendientes de exiliados :: YVKE Mundial". Radiomundial.com.ve. Archived frae the original on 5 Januar 2011. Retrieved 10 Julie 2010.
  9. Nieves Ortega Pérez (1 Februar 2003). "Spain: Forging an Immigration Policy". Migrationinformation.org. Retrieved 24 Februar 2014.
  10. "Eurostat – Population in Europe in 2005" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 24 Februar 2014.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Castro, Americo. Willard F. King and Selma Margaretten, trans. The Spaniards: An Introduction to Their History. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1980. ISBN 0-520-04177-1.
  • Chapman, Robert. Emerging Complexity: The Later Pre-History of South-East Spain, Iberia, and the West Mediterranean. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-521-23207-4.
  • Goodwin, Godfrey. Islamic Spain. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1990. ISBN 0-87701-692-5.
  • Harrison, Richard. Spain at the Dawn of History: Iberians, Phoenicians, and Greeks. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1988. ISBN 0-500-02111-2.
  • James, Edward (ed.). Visigothic Spain: New Approaches. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980. ISBN 0-19-822543-1.
  • Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The History of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870. London: Picador, 1997. ISBN 0-330-35437-X.

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