Arque Province

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Arque Province
Location o Arque Province athin Bolivie
Bolivia Cochabamba Arque.png
General Data
Kintra  Bolivie
Depairtment Cochabamba Depairtment
Caipital Arque
Municipalities 2
Cantons 4
Aurie 1,077 km²
Elevation 3,000 m - 4,500 m
Population 23,464 (2001)
Densitie 21.8 inhabitants/km² (2001)
Sub-prefect Angel Novillo
Leids Quechua, Spainyie, Aymara
ISO 3166-2 BO.CB.AQ
Cochabamba Depairtment
Bolivia department of cochabamba.png

Arque is a rural province in Cochabamba Depairtment in the eastren cordillera o the Sooth American state o Bolivie. Quechua is the maist commonly uised leid o this region.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province is locatit in the Bolivie Andes at an elevation atween 3,000 an 4,500 metres an aboot 250 km wast o Cochabamba, the caipital o the depairtment. The landscape is deeply fissured. Arque, the caipital o the province, is situatit on the northren bank o the Arque River, an affluent o the Río Grande.

The province is surroondit bi the provinces Tapacarí in the northwast, Quillacollo in the northeast, Capinota in the east, Bolívar in the sooth an the depairtments o Oruro in the wast an Potosí in the sootheast.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The rainy saison covers the months frae December tae Aprile. The precipitation can occur in the form o devastatin hailstorms which mey even destroy the plantit seeds o field crops an the harvests.

Subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Arque Province is dividit intae twa municipalities (Spainyie: municipio, sección or sección municipal): Arque Municipality (first section) an Tacopaya Municipality (seicont section). The twa municipalities wi ane mayor each are further subdividit intae fower cantons an supervised each o them bi a corregidor: Arque Canton an Colcha Canton in Arque Municipalitiy an Tacopaya Canton an Ventilla Canton athin Tacopaya Municipality. The province is managit bi a sub-prefect (subprefecto).

Section Municipality Inhabitants [1] Caipital Inhabitants [2]
1st Arque 11,806 Arque 487
2nd Tacopaya 11,658 Tacopaya 137

Arque Municipality is situatit in the eastren pairt o the province an Tacopaya Municipality is locatit in the wast.

The fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Arque Province haes the lawest Index on Human Development (0.311) [3] athin Bolivie. O aw the 314 municipalities in Bolivie Arque wis on the last position (HDI 0.311) in the year 2001 an Tacopaya wis on rank 308 (HDI 0.361). Housomeivver, in recent years mony measurs pairticularly done in the field o education an health hae been taken in order tae impruive the social situation. In 2005 92 % o the population o Arque includin lairger an smawer commonties haed access tae potable watter accordin tae reports frae Arque Municipality. Anerlie seiven commonties still remained athoot watter supply at that time [4].

The province haes a rural character. Maist faimilies rely on subsistence fermin for their livelihuid. The peasants cultivate maize, wheat, barley an potatoes on the stark, steep slopes. The population wi a heich number o indigenous citizens o Quechuan an Aymara descent [5][6] maistly livit or still lives in humble hooses wi earthen floor, adobe walls, roofit wi thatched material. Aften these hooses anerlie consist o ane single ruim whare the meals are prepared on open fire so that the smoke can cause infections o the eyes. The roofs bear a deadly danger which comes owernicht: the blood-suckin assassin bugs, common tae the zone, locally cried vinchuca, which cause the Chagas disease. Durin the day the insects hide in crevices in the waws an roofs made o straw. The bugs emerge at nicht, when the inhabitants are sleepin. Ane measur tae reduce the risk o acquirin the disease is the renovation o hooses bo uisin tiles an the construction o hooses that are resistant tae the entry o the bug.

Some data [3]:

Arque Province
Municipality Arque Tacopaya
Naitional rankin (oot o 314) 314 308
Human Development Index (2001) 0.311 0.361
Index o life expectancy 0.412 0.428
Index o education 0.338 0.473
Life expectancy (years) 49.7 50.7
Literacy o adults (% o 15 years auld an mair) 42.7 57.4
Average years o schuilin 1.7 2.1
Population 2001 11,496 11,968
Percentage o rural population 100.0% 100.0%

The latest results aboot the ethnic-linguistic composition o the population are as follaes:

Ethnic group Arque Municipality (%) Tacopaya Municipality (%)
Quechua 93.5 95.4
Aymara 0.9 1.7
Guaraní, Chiquitos, Moxos 0.2 0.1
No indigenous 5.4 2.8
Ither indigenous groups 0.1 0.1

Ref.: obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

The leids spoken in the Arque Province are mainly Quechua an Spainyie. The follaein table shows the number o those belangin tae the recognizit group o speakers.[7]

Leid Arque Municipality Tacopaya Municipality
Quechua 10.793 10.766
Aymara 107 123
Guaraní 3 3
Anither native 2 132
Spainyie 2.185 3.309
Foreign 13 9
Anerlie native 8.778 7.552
Native an Spainyie 2.052 3.236
Anerlie Spainyie 134 74

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]