Mizque Province

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Mizque Province
Location o Mizque Province athin Bolivie
Bolivia Cochabamba Mizque.png
General Data
Kintra  Bolivie Bolivia
Depairtment Cochabamba Depairtment
Caipital Mizque
Municipalities 3
Cantons 10
Aurie 2,730 km²
Elevation m
Population 36,181 (2001)
Densitie 13.3 indwallers/km² (2001)
Sub-prefect
Leids Quechua, Spainyie
ISO 3166-2 BO.CB.MZ
Cochabamba Depairtment
Bolivia department of cochabamba.png

Mizque (frae Quechua: misk'i, meanin "sweet") is a province in the Cochabamba Depairtment, Bolivie. Its caipital is Mizque.

The province, in 1992, haed a population o 27,959 indwallers, maistly indigenous ceetizens o Quechuan strynd. In 2001, the population increased tae 36,181 indwallers an it wis estimatit at 41,062 in 2005.[1].

Subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province is dividit intae three municipalities which are further subdividit intae ten cantons.

Section Municipality Inhabitants[2] Seat Inhabitants [3] Cantons
1st Mizque 26,659 Mizque 2.677 Cauta, Mizque, Molinero, Taboada, Tin Tin, Vicho Vicho
2nt Vila Vila 4,591 Vila Vila 426 Siquimira, Vila Vila
3rd Alalay 4.931 Alalay 638 Alalay, Ayapampa

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mizque Province is hame tae a great diversity o ecoregions acause it contains a wide variety o topographic featurs wi hichts rangin atween 2,000 an 3,600 m. The province belangs tae the Julpe-Mizque basin wi an aurie o 3,845 km².

The main rivers are:

  • Mizque River, 75 km
  • Julpe River, 60 km
  • Uyuchama River, 50 km
  • Tujma River, 45 km
  • Kari Kari River, 42 km
  • Vicho Vicho River, 32 km

Awtho thare is a lairge amoont o superficial an sub-superficial watter athin the province, the zone is sufferin frae drocht due tae the lack o irrigation seestems.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is dry. Thare are a few irregular rainfaws an lang periods o drocht. The medium annual temperatur varies atween 16 tae 18 °C. Durin the rainy saison ("simmer"), correspondin tae the months frae December tae Mairch, the province receives 87 % o the annual precipitation, in December an Januar alane 57 %, aften occurrin as hailstorms. Durin the dry saison ("winter") the temperatur goes doun radically an snawfaws occur. The annual precipitation is atween 300 an 700 mm, reachin 507 mm annually on an average.

Flora[eedit | eedit soorce]

The semiarid an arid regions are covered wi plants which are tolerant towards dry conditions. 75 % o the tot aurie o Mizque Province is cultivated.

Fauna[eedit | eedit soorce]

Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys

The Red-fronted Macaws (Ara rubrogenys), endemic tae a sma muntainous aurie o Bolivie, can be observit in Mizque. This species is considered tae be endangered due tae intense agricultur activity which haes reducit its habitat. The problem is that the peasants o some zones leuk upon them as a plague acause thay raid the maize in the fields. Thare is a chance that thay micht be regardit as ane o the tourist attractions o the region [4].

The fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The majority o the population o the Mizque Province lives in the rural aurie in commonties far apairt frae each ither. The lack o guid roads maks trade an providin services difficult. The land in some auries is quite dry an no appropriate for fermin. That mey be some o the raisons why the Human Development Index in the municipalities o Mizque is amang the lawest in Bolivie (0.365, 0.400 an 0.460), placin them in the poseetions 284 (Mizque), 305 (Vila Vila) an 298 (Alalay) oot o 314 municipalities [5].

The conditions o life are especially creetical in the puna an remote commonties. The level o income o a peasant faimily in the heich zones or in the dryland is estimatit at 200 - 250 US-$ per year.

Some data [6]:

Mizque Province
Municipality Mizque Vila Vila Alalay
Naitional rankin (oot o 314) 284 305 298
Human Development Index (2001) 0.430 0.365 0.400
Life Expectancy Index 0.453 0.394 0.540
Education Index 0.509 0.454 0.440
Life expectancy (years) 52.2 48.7 57.4
Literacy o adults (% o 15 years auld an mair) 61.4 55.9 66.2
Average years o schuilin 3.1 2.1 2.8
Population census 2001 26,659 4,591 4,931
Percentage o landwart population 90.0% 100.0% 100.0%

Thare are 182 landwart commonties athin the territory o the province situatit in hichts atween 2,000 m in the template valleys an 3,600 m in the puna.

Leid[eedit | eedit soorce]

The predominant leid is Quechua, spoken bi 32,212 indwallers an aboot 11,482 indwallers are bilingual. Thay can speak Spaingie as well. The follaein table shows the nummer o those belangin tae the recognizit group o speakers.[7]

Leid Mizque Municipality Vila Vila Municipality Alalay Municipality
Quechua 24.212 4.229 4.529
Aymara 172 11 12
Guaraní 8 5 9
Anither native 10 2 1
Spaingie 8.378 789 1.002
Foreign 41 6 4
Anly native 16.499 3.493 3.549
Native an Spaingie 7.753 742 987
Anerlie Spaingie 626 47 15

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economic activity is concentratit on agricultur an animal husbandry an tae a minor extent on minin an crafts. The maist important sectors in agricultur are the cultivation o potatoes, maize, wheat, peanuts, barley an ingans.

Festivals an Fairs[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 2nt week in Mey: Fruit fair in Mizque, 1 day
  • 16 Julie: Oor Lady o Munt Carmel in Alalay, 3 days
  • 8 September - 14: Oor Laird o Burgos (Señor de Burgos) in Mizque, 7 days
  • 23 September - 25: Virgen Mestiza de Shikimira in Vila Vila, 3 days

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. www.ine.gov.bo
  2. www.enlared.org.bo
  3. world-gazetteer.com
  4. www.pieb.com.bo (Spaingie)
  5. cdteca.enlared.org.bo (Spaingie)
  6. Informe sobre Desarollo Humano (Spaingie)
  7. obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo (Spaingie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]