Aladdin (1992 Disney film)

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Theatrical release poster; airt bi John Alvin
Directit biRon Clements
John Musker
Produced biRon Clements
John Musker
Written biRon Clements
John Musker
Ted Elliott
Terry Rossio
Based onAladdin and the Magic Lamp frae One Thousand and One Nights
Muisic biAlan Menken
Eeditit biMark A. Hester
H. Lee Peterson
Distributit biBuena Vista Pictures
Release date
  • 25 November 1992 (1992-11-25)
Rinnin time
90 meenits
Budget$28 million[1]
Box office$504.1 million[1]

Aladdin is a 1992 American animatit muisical fantasie film produced bi Walt Disney Feature Animation an released bi Walt Disney Pictures. Aladdin is the 31st Disney animatit featur film, an wis pairt o the Disney film era kent as the Disney Renaissance. The film wis directit bi John Musker an Ron Clements, an is based on the Arab-style folktale Aladdin an the Magic Lamp frae Ane Thoosand an Ane Nichts. The vyce cast featurs Scott Weinger, Robin Williams, Linda Larkin, Jonathan Freeman, Frank Welker, Gilbert Gottfried, an Douglas Seale.

Lyricist Howard Ashman first pitched the idea, an the screenplay went throu three drafts afore then-Disney Studios preses Jeffrey Katzenberg agreed to its production. The animators based thair designs on the work o caricaturist Al Hirschfeld, an computers war uised for baith finishing the artwork an creautin some animatit elements. The muisical score wis written bi Alan Menken an featurs sax sangs wi lyrics written bi baith Ashman an Tim Rice, wha teuk ower efter Ashman's daith.

Aladdin wis released on November 25, 1992 an wis the maist successfu film o 1992, earnin ower $217 million in revenue in the United States, an ower $504 million warldwide. The film an aa won mony awairds, maist o them for its soundtrack. Aladdin's success led tae ither material inspired bi the film, includin twa direct-to-video sequels, The Return of Jafar an Aladdin and the King of Thieves, an animatit television series o the same name, toys, video gemmes, spin-offs, includin a live-action remake, a prequel aboot the genie titled Genies, Disney merchandise, an a Broadway adaptation that debuted in 2014.

Plot[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jafar, th' ryle vizier o' th' fictional toon o' agrabah, placed near th' jordan watter, 'n' his talkin` burd iago seek a lamp hidden wi`in th' cave o' wonders. Thay're tellt that ainlie yin body is worthy tae put in: "the diamond in th' rough", wham jafar efter identifies as aladdin, an agrabah wynd urchin. Princess jasmine o' agrabah, pure upset that th' law requires her tae mairie a prince instead o' yin she loues, escapes th' palace 'n' meets aladdin 'n' his pet monkey, abu. Th' palace guards capture aladdin oan jafar's orders. Jasmine confronts jafar tae demand aladdin's release, bit he lies 'n' says that aladdin haes bin executed.

Disguised as an auldjin, jafar frees aladdin 'n' abu 'n' brings thaim tae th' cave, ordering thaim tae retrieve th' lamp. Efter bein' telt tae titch hee haw bit th' lamp, aladdin finds a magic cairpet ben 'n' obtains th' lamp. Forgetting th' cave's rule, abu grabs a jewel. Aladdin, abu, 'n' th' cairpet rush tae escape th' cave as it collapses. Aladdin gies th' lamp tae jafar, wha throws baith aladdin 'n' abu back intae th' cave, tho nae afore abu steals th' lamp back. Trapped, aladdin rubs th' lamp 'n' meets th' genie wha bides ben it. Th' genie grants aladdin three wishes. Aladdin tricks th' genie intae freeing thaim a' fae th' cave wi'oot usin` a wish. He uses his foremaist wish tae assume th' identity o' a prince tae woo jasmine, 'n' promises tae uise his third wish tae free th' genie fae servitude.

At iago's somethin tae add, jafar plots tae acome sultan by marrying jasmine. Aladdin, as "prince ali ababwa", arrives in agrabah wi' a lairge host, bit jasmine becomes crabbit whin he discusses her fate wi' her faither th' sultan 'n' jafar wi'oot her. As a means o' apologizing, aladdin steals jasmine oan a hurl oan th' magic cairpet. Whin she deduces his true identity, he convinces her that he ainlie dresses as a peasant tae escape th' stresses o' ryle lee. Efter aladdin brings jasmine hame, th' palace guards captur aladdin oan jafar's behest 'n' throw him intae th' sea ooooch an aye. Th' genie appears 'n' saves him at th' cost o' his seicont wish. Aladdin returns tae th' palace 'n' exposes jafar's evil plot. Jafar flees efter spotting th' lamp 'n' sicweys discovering aladdin's true identity.

Fearing that he wull lose jasmine if th' truth is revealed, aladdin breaks his promise 'n' refuses tae free th' genie. Iago steals th' lamp, 'n' jafar becomes th' genie's freish master. He uses his foremaist twa wishes tae acome sultan 'n' th' world's maist powerful sorcerer. He then exposes aladdin's identity 'n' exiles him, abu, 'n' th' cairpet tae a frozen wasteland. Thay escape 'n' return tae th' palace. Jasmine tries tae hulp aladdin steal th' lamp back, bit jafar notices 'n' overpowers th' heroes wi' his magic. Aladdin taunts jafar fur bein' less powerful than th' genie, tricking jafar intae usin` his lest wish tae acome an aw-powerful genie his-sel. Noo bound tae his freish lamp, jafar ends up trapped ben it, takkin iago wi' him.

With agrabah returned tae normal, th' genie banishes jafar's lamp 'n' advises aladdin uise his third wish tae regain his ryle title sae th' law wull allou him tae bade wi' jasmine. Aladdin decides insteid tae keep his promise 'n' frees th' genie. Realizing aladdin 'n' jasmine's loue, th' sultan changes th' law tae allou jasmine tae mairie wham she chooses. Th' genie leaves tae explore th' world, while aladdin 'n' jasmine stairt thair freish lee th'gither.

Cast[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Scott Weinger as Aladdin, a poor, but kynd-hearted Agrabah thief. Weinger sent in a homemade audeetion tape with his mither playin the Genie,[2] an efter several caw backs he foond sax month later that he haed the pairt.[3] Aladdin's supervising animator wis bi Glen Keane. Brad Kane provides Aladdin's singin vyce.[4]
  • Robin Williams as The Genie, a comedic genie, with nigh omnipotent power that can anly be exercised whan his master wishes it. The Genie's supervising animator wis Eric Goldberg. Clements an Musker wrote the pairt o the Genie for Robin Williams, an, whan met wi resistance, creatit a reel of Williams' stand-up tae animation o the Genie. The directors asked Goldberg tae animate a Genie ower ane of Williams' auld stand-up comedy routines to pitch the idea tae the actor. The resultin test, whaur Williams talking aboot schizophrenia wis translated intae Genie growin anither heid tae argue wi himsel, made Williams "laugh his ass off" an convinced him tae sign on for the role. Williams' appearance in Aladdin (despite his appearance alang wi Christian Slater an Tim Curry in the early 1992 animatit film FernGully) marks the beginnin o a transition in animatit film tae celebrity vyce actors, rather than specifically trained vyce actors in animatit film.[5] Williams providit mony celebrity impressions during recording sessions, which war re-adapted intae the fabric o the character. Thir included Ed Sullivan, Jack Nicholson, Robert De Niro, Groucho Marx, Rodney Dangerfield, William F. Buckley, Peter Lorre, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Arsenio Hall.[6] Williams an aa vyces the Peddler, a mysterious merchant wha appears at the beginnin o the film. Efter promoting useless goods tae the audience, he reveals the magic lamp an begins the story o Aladdin. The scene wis completely unscripted — the production left Williams a table wi props covered wi a sheet an asked him to pull oot objects wioot lookin at them an describe them in-character. The dooble role oreeginally led tae the Peddler revealin tae be the Genie disguised, but that idea wis dropped later in development.[7] Bruce Adler supplies the singing vyce for the Peddler.
  • Jonathan Freeman as Jafar, the power-hungry Grand Vizier o Agrabah. Jafar wis oreeginally envisioned as an irritable character, but the directors decidit that a calm villain wad be scarier.[8] Freeman wis the first actor cast an spent ane year an nine month recordin his dialogue. He later readjusted his vyce efter Weinger an Larkin war cast as he felt "Jafar had to be seen as a real threat to Aladdin and Jasmine".[9] Jafar's supervising animator wis Andreas Deja, wha tried tae incorporate Freeman's facial expressions an gesturing intae the character,[10] while Jafar's beggar an snake forms are animatit bi Kathy Zielinski.[11]
  • Linda Larkin as Princess Jasmine: The princess of Agrabah, who is tired of life in the royal palace. Larkin wis chosen nine month efter her audeetion, an haed to adjust (or lawer) her heich-pitched vyce to reach the vyce the filmmakers war leukin for in the character.[8] Jasmine's supervising animator wis Mark Henn. Lea Salonga provides Jasmine's singing vyce.[12]
  • Frank Welker as Abu, Aladdin's kleptomaniac pet monkey with a heich-pitched vyce. The animators filmed monkeys at the San Francisco Zoo to study thair movements for Abu's character.[8] In the three years it teuk to record the film, Welker did nae meet Weinger or Williams.[13] Welker an aa vyces Jasmine's teeger Rajah and the Cave of Wonders.[11] Duncan Marjoribanks wis the supervising animator for Abu, while Rajah wis animated by Aaron Blaise.
  • Gilbert Gottfried as Iago, Jafar's sarcastic, foul-mouthed parrot assistant. Much lik Robin Williams, Gottfried wis gien freedom to improvise his lines.[14] Iago's supervising animator Will Finn tried to incorporate some aspects of Gottfried's appearance intae Iago's design, especially his semi-closed een and the always-appearin teeth.[8]
  • Douglas Seale as The Sultan, the pompous, but kynd ruler of Agrabah, who desperately tries to find a suitor for his dochter Jasmine. Some aspects of the character war inspired bi the Wizard of Oz, to creaut a bumbling authority figure.[8] The Sultan's supervising animator wis David Pruiksma.
  • Jim Cummings as Razoul, the Captain of the Guard. He wis named efter layout supervisor Rasoul Azadani.[8] He and the ither guards war animated by Phil Young and Chris Wahl.
  • Charlie Adler as Gazeem: A thief that Jafar sends intae the Cave of Wonders at the beginnin of the film but is trapped inside for bein unworthy. Gazeem wis animated by T. Daniel Hofstedt.
  • Corey Burton as Prince Achmed, a snobbish prince who is rejected by Princess Jasmine as her suitor.

Production[eedit | eedit soorce]

Script and development[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1988, lyricist Howard Ashman pitched the idea of an animated musical adaptation of Aladdin. Ashman haed written a 40-page film treatment remainin faithful tae the plot and characters of the oreeginal story, but envisioned as a campy 1930s-style musical with a Cab Calloway/Fats Waller-lik Genie.[15] Alang with pairtner Alan Menken, Ashman conceived several songs and added Aladdin's friends named Babkak, Omar, an Kasim tae the story.[16][17] Houiver, the studio wis dismissive of Ashman's treatment and removed the project frae development in which Ashman and Menken war later recruited to compone songs for Beauty and the Beast.[18] Linda Woolverton, who haed an aa worked on Beauty and the Beast, uised thair treatment and developit a draft with inspired elements frae The Thief of Bagdad sic as a villain named Jaf'far, an aged sidekick retired human thief named Abu, an a human handmaiden for the princess.[19][20] Then, directors John Musker and Ron Clements jynt the production, picking Aladdin oot of three projects offered, which an aa included an adaptation of Swan Lake and King of the Jungle – that eventually became The Lion King.[21] Afore Ashman's daith in Mairch 1991, Ashman and Menken haed componed "Prince Ali" and his last song, "Humiliate the Boy".[22]

Musker and Clements wrote a draft of the screenplay, an then delivered a story reel to studio chief Jeffrey Katzenberg in Apryle 1991.[17] Katzenberg thocht the script "didn't engage", and on a day kent bi the staff as "Black Friday," demanded that the entire story tae be rewritten wioot rescheduling the film's November 25, 1992 release date.[23] Amang the changes Katzenberg requested frae Clements and Musker war to nae be dependent on Ashman's vision,[16] and the removal of Aladdin's mither, remarking, "Eighty-six the mother. The mom's a zero."[24] Screenwriting duo Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio war brocht in to rework the story,[17] and the changes thay made included the removal of Aladdin's mither, the strengthening of the character of Princess Jasmine, and the deletion of several of the Ashman-Menken songs.[25] Aladdin's personality wis rewritten tae be "a little rougher, like a young Harrison Ford,"[17][26] and the parrot Iago, oreeginally conceived as an uptight Breetish archetype, wis reworked intae a comic role efter the filmmakers saw Gilbert Gottfried in Beverly Hills Cop II. Gottfried wis cast to provide Iago's vyce.[27] By October 1991, Katzenberg wis satisfied with the new version of Aladdin.[15] As with Woolverton's screenplay, several characters and plot elements are based on the 1940 version of The Thief of Bagdad,[28][29] the location of the film wis changed frae Baghdad, Iraq, tae the fictional Arabian ceety of Agrabah.[30]

Design and animation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the first issues that the animators faced during production of Aladdin wis the depiction of Aladdin himsel.[31] Director and producer John Musker explains:

In early screenings, we played with him being a little bit younger, and he had a mother in the story. [...] In design he became more athletic-looking, more filled out, more of a young leading man, more of a teen-hunk version than before.[31]

He wis initially going tae be as young as 13, but that eventually changed to eighteen.[31] Aladdin wis designed by a team led by supervising animator Glen Keane, and wis oreeginally made to resemble actor Michael J. Fox. During production, it wis decidit that the design wis too boyish and wisna "appealing enough," sae the character wis redesigned to add elements derived frae actor Tom Cruise and Calvin Klein models.[7]

The design for maist characters wis based on the work of caricaturist Al Hirschfeld,[10] which production designer Richard Vander Wende an aa considered appropriate tae the theme, due to similarities tae the swooping lines of Persian miniatures and Arabic calligraphy.[32] Jafar's design wis nae based on Hirschfeld's work acause Jafar's supervising animator, Andreas Deja, wanted the character tae be contrasting.[33] Each character wis animated alone, with the animators consulting ilk ither to mak scenes with interrelating characters. Syne Aladdin's animator Glen Keane wis wirkin in the California branch of Walt Disney Feature Animation, and Jasmine's animator Mark Henn wis in the Florida ane at Disney-MGM Studios, thay haed to frequently phone, fax or send designs and discs to ilk ither.[34] Animator Randy Cartwright describit wirkin on the Magic Carpet as challengin, syne it is anly a rectangular shape, who expresses himsel throu pantomime – "It's sort of like acting by origami".[34] Cartwright kept folding a piece of cloth while animating to see how to poseetion the Carpet.[34] Efter the character animation wis done, the cairpet's surface design wis applee'd digitally.[10]

For the scenery design, layout supervisor Rasoul Azadani teuk mony pictures of his hometown of Isfahan, Iran for guidance.[8] Other inspirations for design war Disney's animated films frae the 1940s and 50s and the 1940 film The Thief of Bagdad.[34] The colouring wis done with the computerized CAPS process, an the colour motifs war chosen accordin tae the personality – the protagonists uise licht colours sic as blue, the antagonists darker ones sic as reid and black, an Agrabah and its palace uise the neutral colour yellae.[8][10] Computer animation wis uised for some elements of the film, sic as the teeger entrance of the Cave of Wonders and the scene whaur Aladdin tries to escape the collapsing cave.[10]

Musker and Clements creatit the Genie with Robin Williams in mind; even tho Katzenberg suggestit actors sic as John Candy, Steve Martin, and Eddie Murphy, Williams wis approached and eventually acceptit the role. Williams came for vyce recording sessions during breaks in the shooting of twa ither films he wis starring in at the time, Hook and Toys. Unusually for an animated film, much of Williams' dialogue wis ad-libbed: for some scenes, Williams wis gien topics and dialogue suggestions, but allowed to improvise his lines.[10] It wis estimatit that Williams improvised 52 characters.[35] Eric Goldberg, the supervising animator for the Genie, then reviewed Williams' recorded dialogue and selected the best gags and lines that his crew wad creaut character animation to match.[10]

The producers added mony in-jokes and references to Disney's previous works in the film, sic as a "cameo appearance" frae directors Clements and Musker and drawing some characters based on Disney workers.[11] Beast, Sebastian frae The Little Mermaid, and Pinocchio mak brief appearances,[8] and the wardrobe of the Genie at the end of the film—Goofy hat, Hawaiian sark, an sandals—are a reference to a short film that Robin Williams did for the Disney-MGM Studios tour in the late 1980s.[11]

Robin Williams' conflicts with the studio[eedit | eedit soorce]

In gratitude for his success with Touchstone Pictures' Good Morning, Vietnam, Robin Williams voiced the Genie for SAG scale pey ($75,000) insteid of his asking fee of $8 million, on condeetion that his name or image nae be uised for marketing, an his (supporting) character nae tak mair nor 25% of space on advertising artwork, syne Williams' film Toys wis scheduled for release ane month efter Aladdin's debut. For financial reasons, the studio went back on the deal on baith counts, especially in poster airt by haein the Genie in 25% of the image, but haein ither major and supporting characters portrayed considerably smawer. The Disney Hyperion beuk Aladdin: The Making of an Animated Film listed baith of Williams' characters "The Peddler" and "The Genie" ahead of main characters, but wis forced to refer to him anly as "the actor signed to play the Genie".[7][36][37]

Disney, while nae uisin Williams’ name in commercials as per the contract, uised his vyce for the Genie in the commercials and uised the Genie character to sell toys and fast fuid tie-ins, wioot haein to pey Williams additional money; Williams unhappily quipped at the time “The anly reason Mickey Mouse haes three fingers is acause he can’t pick up a check.” Disney attempted to assuage Williams by sending him a Pablo Picasso pentin worth mair nor $1 million at the time, but this muive failed to repair the damaged relationship, as the pentin wis a self-portrait of the airtist as Vincent van Gogh which apparently really "clashed" with the Williams' wilder home decor.[38] Williams refused to sign on for Aladdin 2, sae it wis Dan Castellaneta that voiced the Genie. When Jeffrey Katzenberg wis replaced by Joe Roth as Walt Disney Studios chairman, Roth organized a public apology to Williams.[39]

Music[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Aladdin (soundtrack)

Composer Alan Menken and songwriters Howard Ashman and Tim Rice war praised for creautin a soundtrack that is "consistently good, rivaling the best of Disney's other animated musicals from the '90s."[40] Menken and Ashman began work on the film thegither, with Rice takkin ower as lyricist efter Ashman died of AIDS-relatit complications in early 1991.[41] Awtho fourteen songs war written for Aladdin, anly sax are featurt in the movie, three by each lyricist.[42] The DVD Special Edition released in 2004 includes fower songs in early animations tests, an a music video of ane, "Proud of Your Boy", performed by Clay Aiken,[43] which an aa appears on the album DisneyMania 3.[44]

Themes[eedit | eedit soorce]

"The original story was sort of a winning the lottery kind of thing. When we got into it, particularly coming in at the end of 1980s, it seemed like an Eighties 'greed is good' movie ... Like having anything you could wish for would be the greatest thing in the world and having it taken away from you is bad, but having it back is great. We didn't really want that to be the message of the movie"

—Ron Clements[32]

The filmmakers thocht the moral message of the oreeginal tale wis nae appropriate, an decidit to "put a spin on it", by makin the fulfillment of wishes seem lik a great thing, but eventually acomin a problem.[32] Anither major theme wis avoiding an attempt tae be what the person is nae – baith Aladdin and Jasmine get intae trouble faking tae be different fowk,[8] and the Prince Ali persona fails to impress Jasmine, who anly faws for Aladdin whan she finds oot who he truly is.[45] Bein "imprisoned" is an aa discussed, a fate that occurs to maist of the characters – Aladdin and Jasmine are stuck to thair lifestyles, Genie is attached to his lamp and Jafar, tae the Sultan – and is represented visually bi the prison-lik walls and bars of the Agrabah palace, an the scene involvin caged birds which Jasmine later frees.[8] Jasmine is an aa depicted as a different Disney Princess, bein rebellious tae the royal life and the social structur,[46] and tryin to mak her ain wey, unlik the princesses who juist wait for rescue.[34]

Release and reception[eedit | eedit soorce]

Theatrical run[eedit | eedit soorce]

A lairge promotion campaign preceded Aladdin's debut in theaters, with the film's trailer bein attached to maist Disney VHS releases, an numerous tie-ins and licensees bein released.[47] Efter a leemitit release on November 13, 1992,[48] Aladdin debuted in 1,131 theaters on November 25, 1992, grossing $19.2 million in its openin weekend – nummer twa at the box office, behind Home Alone 2: Lost in New York.[49] It teuk aicht weeks for the film to reach nummer ane at the US box office, breaking the record for the week atween Christmas and New Year's Eve with $32.2 million.[50] The film held the tap spot five times during its 22-week run.[51] Aladdin wis the maist successfu film of 1992 grossing $217 million in the United States and ower $504 million warldwide.[1] It wis the biggest gross for an animated film until The Lion King twa years later, an wis the first full-length animated film to gross $200 million in North Americae.[52] As of Januar 2014, it is the thirtieth highest grossing animated film and the third highest grossing tradeetionally animated feature warldwide, behind The Lion King and The Simpsons Movie.[53] It sauld an estimatit 52,442,300 tickets in the US.[54]

Critical reception[eedit | eedit soorce]

Warner Bros. Cartoons animator Chuck Jones cried Aladdin, "the funniest feature ever made."[17]

The review aggregator wabsteid Rotten Tomatoes reportit that 94% of critics gae the film a positive review based on a sample of 68 reviews, with an average score of 8.1/10.[55]

Most critics' praise went to Robin Williams' performance as Genie,[55] with Janet Maslin of The New York Times declaring that childer "needn't know precisely what Mr. Williams is evoking to understand how funny he is".[56] Warner Bros. Cartoons director Chuck Jones even cried the film "the funniest feature ever made."[17] Furthermore, Inglis-Irish comedian Spike Milligan considered it tae be the greatest film of aw time.[57] James Berardinelli gae it 3.5 oot of 4 stars, praising the "crisp visuals and wonderful song-and-dance numbers".[58] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone said the comedy made the film accessible to baith childer and adults,[59] a vision shared with Desson Howe of The Washington Post, who an aa said "kids are still going to be entranced by the magic and adventure."[60] Brian Lowry of Variety praised the cast of characters, describing the expressive magic cairpet as "its most remarkable accomplishment" and considered that "Aladdin overcomes most story flaws thanks to sheer technical virtuosity".[61]

Some aspects of the film war widely criticized. Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine wrote a negative review, describing the film as racist, ridiculous, an a "narcissistic circus act" frae Robin Williams.[62] Roger Ebert, who generally praised the film in his review, considered the music inferior to its predecessors The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast, and claimed Aladdin and Jasmine war "pale and routine." He criticized what he saw as the film's uise of ethnic stereotypes, writing: "Most of the Arab characters have exaggerated facial characteristics - hooked noses, glowering brows, thick lips - but Aladdin and the princess look like white American teenagers."[63]

Awairds[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aladdin an aa received mony award nominations, maistly for its music. It won twa Academy Awards, Best Music, Original Score and Best Music, Original Song for "A Whole New World" and receiving nominations for Best Song ("Friend Like Me"), Best Sound Editing (Mark A. Mangini), and Best Sound (Terry Porter, Mel Metcalfe, David J. Hudson and Doc Kane).[64] At the Golden Globes, Aladdin won Best Original Song ("A Whole New World") and Best Original Score, as well as a Special Achievement Award for Robin Williams, with a nomination for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy.[65] Other awairds included the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature,[66] a MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance to Robin Williams,[67] Saturn Awards for Best Fantasy Film, Performance by a Younger Actor to Scott Weinger and Supporting Actor to Robin Williams,[68] the Best Animated Feature bi the Los Angeles Film Critics Association,[69] and fower Grammy Awards, Best Soundtrack Album, and Song of the Year, Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal and Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media for "A Whole New World".[70]

The film is recognised by American Film Institute in thir lists:

2004: AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs:

Friend lik me - Nominated.

A whole new world - Nominated.

Home media [eedit | eedit soorce]

The film wis first released in VHS on October 1, 1993, as pairt of the "Walt Disney Classics" line. In its first week of availability, Aladdin sauld ower 10.6 million copies,[71] and went on to sell ower 25 million in tot (a record anly broken bi the later release of The Lion King).[72] This VHS edition entered moratorium on Apryle 30, 1994.[73] A THX-certified widescreen LaserDisc wis issued in Autumn 1994,[74] and a Spaingie-dubbed VHS for the American mercat wis released on Apryle 14, 1995.[75]

On October 5, 2004, Aladdin wis released on DVD, as pairt of Disney's Platinum Edition line. The DVD release featurt retouched and cleaned-up animation, prepared for Aladdin's planned but ultimately cancelled IMAX reissue in 2003,[76] and a seicont disc with bonus features. Accompanied by a $19 million marketing campaign,[77] the DVD sauld aboot 3 million units in its first month, but it wis less nor the nummer of copies, sauld in that amount of time, by ony ither Platinum Edition released afore it.[78] The film's soundtrack wis available in its oreeginal Dolby 5.1 track or in a new Disney Enhanced Home Theater Mix.[43] The DVD went intae moratorium in Januar 2008, alang with its sequels.[79]

Accordin to an insert in the Lady and the Tramp Diamond Edition release case, Aladdin wis going tae be released on Blu-ray Disc as a Diamond Edition in Spring 2013.[80] Insteid, Peter Pan wis released on Blu-ray as a Diamond Edition on Februar 5, 2013 to celebrate its 60th anniversary.[81][82] A non-Diamond Edition Blu-ray wis released in a few select European countries in Mairch 2013. The Belgian edition (released wioot advertisements, commercials or ony kynd of fanfare) comes as a 1-disc version with its extras ported ower frae the Platinum Edition DVD. The same disc wis released in the United Kinrick on Apryle 14, 2013.[83] Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released the film on a Diamond Edition Blu-ray on October 13, 2015. The film wis released on Digital HD on September 29, 2015.[84][85][86] Upon its first week of release on home media in the U.S., the film topped the Blu-ray Disc sales chart and debuted at nummer 2 at the Nielsen VideoScan First Alert chart, which tracks oweraw disc sales behind the disaster film San Andreas.[87]

Controversies[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the verses of the openin song "Arabian Nights" wis altered follaein protests frae the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC). The lyrics war changed in Julie 1993 frae "Where they cut off your ear if they don't like your face," in the oreeginal release to "Where it's flat and immense and the heat is intense." The chynge first appeared on the 1993 video release.[88] The oreeginal lyric wis intact on the initial CD soundtrack release, but the re-release uses the edited lyric. The rerecording haes the oreeginal vyce on aw ither lines and then a noticeably deeper vyce says the edited line. The Broadway adaptation an aa uses the edited line.[89] Entertainment Weekly ranked Aladdin in a leet of the maist controversial films in history, due to this incident.[90] The ADC an aa complained aboot the portrayal of the lead characters Aladdin and Jasmine. Thay criticized the characters' Anglicized features and Anglo-American accents, in contrast tae the ither characters in the film, which are dark-skinned, hae foreign accents and grotesque facial features, an appear villainous or greedy.[88]

Protests war an aa raised to anither scene. When Aladdin is attacked bi the teeger Rajah on the palace balcony, Aladdin quietly says a line that some fowk reportit hearing as "Good teenagers, take off your clothes,"[91] which thay considered a subliminal reference to promiscuity. Houiver, accordin tae the commentary track on the 2004 DVD, while Musker and Clements did admit Scott Weinger ad-libbed during the scene, thay claimed "we did not record that, we would not record that," and said the line wis "Good tiger, take off and go..." and the wird "tiger" is overlapped by Rajah's snarl.[92] Efter the wird teeger, a seicont vyce can be heard which haes been suggestit wis accidentally grafted onto the soundtrack. Because of the controversy, Disney removed the line on the DVD release.[93]

Animation enthusiasts hae noticed similarities atween Aladdin and Richard Williams' unfinished film The Thief and the Cobbler (an aa kent as Arabian Knight unner Miramax Films and The Princess and the Cobbler unner Majestic Films Internaitional). Thir similarities include a seemilar plot, seemilar characters, scenes and background designs, an the antagonist Zig-Zag's resemblance in character design and mannerisms to Genie and Jafar.[94][95] Tho Aladdin wis released prior to The Thief and the Cobbler, The Thief and the Cobbler initially began production much earlier in the 1960s, an wis mired in difficulties includin financial problems, copyright issues, story revisions and late production times caused by separate studios tryin to finish the film efter Richard Williams wis fired frae the project for lack of finished work.[96] The late release, coupled with Miramax purchasing and re-editing the film, haes whiles resulted in The Thief and the Cobbler bein labeled a rip-off of Aladdin.[95]

Live-action adaptations[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • On Julie 15, 2015, the studio stairtit developin a live-action comedy adventure prequel cried Genies. The film is bein written by Damian Shannon and Mark Swift, while Tripp Vinson is on buird to produce via his Vinson Films banner. The film is intendit to lead intae a live-action Aladdin movie.[97] On November 8, Disney revealed it haed oreeginally planned to uise Robin Williams' unused lines frae the 1991–92 recording sessions for the film, but his will prohibited the studio frae uisin his likeness for twinty-five years efter his daith.[98]
  • In October 2016, it wis reportit that Disney wis developin a live-action adaptation of Aladdin with Guy Ritchie signed on to direct the film. John August is writing the script, which will reportedly retain the musical elements of the oreeginal film, while Dan Lin is attached as producer.[99] Lin revealed that thay are leukin for a diverse cast.[100] In Apryle 2017, Will Smith entered talks to play the Genie.[101] In Mey 2017, Jade Thirlwall enterted talks to portray the role of Jasmine.[102]

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

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Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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