Lady and the Tramp

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Lady and the Tramp
File:Lady-and-tramp-1955-poster.jpg
Oreeginal theatrical release poster
Directit bi Clyde Geronimi
Wilfred Jackson
Hamilton Luske
Produced bi Walt Disney
Written bi Erdman Penner
Joe Rinaldi
Ralph Wright
Don DaGradi
Story bi Joe Grant
Based on Happy Dan, The Whistling Dog 
bi Ward Greene
Starnin Peggy Lee
Barbara Luddy
Larry Roberts
Verna Felton
Bill Thompson
Bill Baucom
Muisic bi Oliver Wallace
Eeditit bi Don Halliday
Production
company
Distributit bi Buena Vista Distribution
Release date
  • 22 Juin 1955 (1955-06-22)
Runnin time
75 minutes
Kintra Unitit States
Leid Inglis
Budget $4 million[1]
Box office $93.6 million[1]

Lady and the Tramp is a 1955 American animatit romantic muisical comedy film produced bi Walt Disney an released tae theaters on 22 Juin 1955, bi Buena Vista Distribution. The 15t Disney animatit featur film, it wis the first animatit featur filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen film process.[2] Based on Happy Dan, The Whistling Dog bi Ward Greene, Lady and the Tramp tells the story o a female American Cocker Spaniel named Lady who lifes wi a refined, upper-middle-cless faimily, an a male stray mutt named Tramp. When the twa dogs meet, thay embark on mony romantic adventures. A direct-tae-video sequel, Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure, wis released in 2001.[3]

Plot[eedit | eedit soorce]

On Christmas morning, 1909, in a quaint Midwestern toun, Jim Dear gies his wife Darling an American cocker spaniel puppy which she names Lady. Lady enjoys a happy life wi the couple and befriends two local neighborhood dogs, Jock, a Scottish terrier, and Trusty, a bloodhound. Meanwhile, across toun, a stray mutt named Tramp lives on his ain, dining on scraps frae Tony's restaurant and protecting his friends frae the local dogcatcher. Ane day, Lady is saddened efter her owners begin treatin her rather coldly. Jock and Trusty veesit her and determine that thair chynge in behaviour is due tae Darling expecting a baby. While Jock and Trusty try tae expleen what a baby is, Tramp interrupts the conversation and offers his ain thoughts on the matter, makin Jock and Trusty tak an immediate dislike tae the stray and order him oot o the yard. As Tramp leaves, he reminds Lady that "when the baby moves in, the dog moves out."

Eventually, the baby arrives and the couple introduces Lady tae the infant, whom Lady grows fond of. Suin efter, Jim Dear and Darling leave for a trip, wi thair Aunt Sarah leukin efter the baby and the hoose. Aunt Sarah's two trouble-makin Siamese cats, Si and Am, trick her intae thinkin that Lady attacked them wi the hoose a mess. Aunt Sarah takes Lady tae a pet shop tae get a muzzle. Lady flees in horror, anly tae be pursued bi a pack of stray dogs. Tramp rescues her and finds a beaver at the local zoo who can remove the muzzle. Later, Tramp shows Lady how he lives "footloose and collar-free", eventually leadin intae a candlelit Italian dinner at Tony's. Lady begins tae faw in luve wi Tramp, but she chooses tae return home in order tae watch ower the baby. Tramp offers tae escort Lady back home, but when Tramp decides tae chase hens aroond a farmyard for fun, Lady is captured bi the dog catcher and brought tae the local dog pound. While at the pound, the ither dogs reveal tae Lady that Tramp previously haed multiple girlfriends and feel it is unlikely he will ever settle doun. She is eventually claimed bi Aunt Sarah, who chains her in the backyard as punishment for running away.

Jock and Trusty veesit tae comfort Lady, but when Tramp arrives tae apologize, Lady angrily confronts him aboot his past girlfriends. Juist as Tramp leaves, Lady sees a rat tryin tae sneak intae the hoose. She barks frantically, but Aunt Sarah tells her tae be quiet. Tramp hears her barking and rushes back, entering the hoose and corners the rat in the nursery. Lady breaks free and rushes tae the nursery, whaur Tramp inadvertently knocks ower the baby's crib afore ultimately killin the rat. The commotion alerts Aunt Sarah, who sees baith dogs and thinks thay are responsible. She pushes Tramp in a closet and locks Lady in the basement, then calls the pound tae get rid of Tramp. Jim Dear and Darling return home as the dog catcher departs, an when thay release Lady, she leads them tae the dead rat. Realizing Tramp's true intentions, Jock and Trusty chase efter the dog catcher's wagon. The dogs are able tae track doun the wagon and scare the horse, causin the wagon tae crash. Jim Dear arrives in a taxi wi Lady, an she reunites wi Tramp, but thair joy is short-lived when thay find Trusty pinned underneath the wagon's wheel, motionless, wi Jock howling mournfully.

That Christmas, Tramp's been adoptit intae the faimily, an he and Lady hae stairtit thair ain faimily, wi three daughters who leuk seemilar tae Lady and a son who looks seemilar tae Tramp. Jock comes tae see the faimily alang wi Trusty, who is still alive and merely suffered a broken leg, which is still healing. Thanks tae the puppies, Trusty haes a fresh audience for his auld stories, but he haes forgotten them.

Cast[eedit | eedit soorce]

Production[eedit | eedit soorce]

Story development[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1937, Disney story man Joe Grant came up wi an idea inspired bi the antics of his English Springer Spaniel Lady, an how she got "shoved aside" bi Joe's new baby. He approached Walt Disney wi sketches of Lady. Disney enjoyed the sketches and commissioned Grant tae stairt story development on a new animatit featur Lady.[4] Throu the late 1930s and early 1940s, Joe Grant and ither artists worked on the story, takkin a variety of approaches, but Disney wisna pleased wi ony of them, primarily acause he thocht Lady wis too sweet, an thare wisna enough action.[4]

In the early 1940s, Walt read the short story written bi Ward Greene, "Happy Dan, The Whistling Dog", in Cosmopolitan magazine.[5] He thocht Grant's story wad be improved if Lady fell in luve wi a cynical dog character lik the ane in Greene's story and bought the rights tae it.[6] The cynical dog haed various names during development, includin Homer, Rags, an Bozo, afore "Tramp" wis chosen.[5]

The finished film is slichtly different frae what wis oreeginally planned. Lady wis tae hae anly ane next-door neighbor, a Ralph Bellamy-teep canine named Hubert. Hubert wis later replaced bi Jock and Trusty. The villainous Aunt Sarah wis the traditional overbearing mither-in-law. In the final film, she's softened tae a busybody aunt, who is well-meanin-but-biased, an the film's main antagonist. Aunt Sarah's Nip and Tuck war later renamed Si and Am.[5] Oreeginally, Lady's owners war cried Jim Broun and Elizabeth. Thir war changed tae hielicht Lady's pynt of view. Thay war briefly referred tae as "Mister" and "Missis" afore settling on the names "Jim Dear" and "Darling". Tae maintain a dog's perspective, Darling and Jim's faces are rarely shawn, seemilar tae Mammy Two Shoes in the Tom and Jerry cartoons. The rat wis a somewhat comic character in early sketches, but became a great deal mair frightening, due tae the need tae raise dramatic tension. A scene creautit but then deleted wis ane in which efter Trusty says "Everybody knows, a dog's best friend is his human". This leads tae Tramp describing a warld whaur the roles of baith dogs and humans are switched; the dogs are the masters and vice versa.[4] Thare wis a luve triangle amang Lady, Tramp, an a Russian wolfhound named Boris (who appears in the dog pound in the final version).[7]

The film's openin sequence, in which Darling unwraps a hat box on Christmas morning and finds Lady inside, is inspired on an incident when Walt Disney presented his wife Lily wi a Chow puppy as a gift in a hat box.[8]

In 1949, Grant left the studio, yet Disney story men war continually pulling Grant's oreeginal drawings and story off the shelf tae retool.[4] A solit story began takkin shape in 1953,[6] based on Grant's storyboards and Greene's short story.[4] Greene later wrote a novelization o the film that wis released two years afore the film itself, at Walt Disney's insistence, sae that audiences wad be familiar wi the story.[9] Grant didn't receive film credit for his story work, an issue that animation director Eric Goldberg hoped tae rectify in the Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition's behind-the-scenes vignette that explained Grant's role.[4]

Animation[eedit | eedit soorce]

As thay haed done wi deer on Bambi, the animators studied mony dogs of different breeds tae captur the movement and personality of dogs. Awtho the spaghetti eatin sequence is probably nou the best kent scene frae the film, Walt Disney wis prepared tae cut it, thinkin that it wad nae be romantic and that dogs eatin spaghetti wad leuk silly. Animator Frank Thomas wis against Walt's decision and animatit the entire scene himself wioot ony lay-outs. Walt wis impressed bi Thomas's work and how he romanticised the scene and kept the scene in.[4] On viewing the first tak o the scene, the animators felt that the action should be slowed doun, sae an apprentice trainee wis assigned tae creaut "half numbers" in atween mony o the oreeginal frames.[10]

Oreeginally, the background airtist wis supposed tae be Mary Blair and she did some inspirational sketches for the film. Houiver, she left the studio tae acome a childer's beuk illustrator in 1953. Claude Coats wis then appyntit as the key background airtist. Coats made models o the interiors of Jim Dear and Darling's hoose, an shot photos and film at a law perspective as reference tae maintain a dog's view.[9] Eyvind Earle (who later became the airt director of Disney's Sleeping Beauty) did awmaist 50 miniature concept sketches for the Bella Notte sequence and wis a key contributor tae the film.[9]

CinemaScope[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further information: CinemaScope

Oreeginally, Lady and the Tramp wis planned tae be filmed in a regular full frame aspect ratio. Houiver, due tae the growin interest of widescreen film amongst movie-goers, Disney decidit tae animate the film in CinemaScope makin Lady and the Tramp the first animatit featur made in the process.[5] This new innovation presented additional problems for the animators: the expansion of space creautit mair realism but gae fewer closeups.[6] It an aa made it difficult for a single character tae dominate the screen sae that groups haed tae be spread oot tae keep the screen frae appearin sparse.[5] Langer takes acome necessar syne constant jump-cutting wad seem too busy or annoying.[2] Layout artists essentially haed tae reinvent thair technique. Animators haed tae remember that thay haed tae muive thair characters across a background instead o the background passing behind them.[6] Yet the animators overcame thir obstacles during the action scenes, sic as Tramp killin the rat.[2]

Mair problems arose as the premiere date got closer syne nae aw theaters haed the capability tae shaw CinemaScope at the time. Upon learnin this, Walt issued two versions o the film: ane in widescreen, an anither in the Academy ratio. This involved gathering the layout artists tae restructure key scenes when characters war on the edges o the screen.[11]

Release[eedit | eedit soorce]

The film wis oreeginally released in theaters on 22 Juin 1955. At the time, the film teuk in a higher figure than ony ither Disney animatit featur syne Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,[12] earnin an estimatit $7.5 million in rentals at the North American box office in 1955.[13] An episode of Disneyland cried "A Story of Dogs" aired afore the film's release.[14] The film wis an aa reissued tae theaters in 1962, 1972, 1980, an 1986. Lady and the Tramp an aa played a leemitit engagement in select Cinemark Theatres frae Februar 16–18, 2013.[15]

Home media[eedit | eedit soorce]

The movie wis released on VHS and Laserdisc in 1987 (this wis in Disney's The Classics video series) and 1998 (this wis in the Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection video series). A Disney Leemitit Issue series DVD wis released on 23 November 1999.

Lady and the Tramp wis remastered and restored for DVD on Februar 28, 2006, as the seivent installment of Disney's Platinum Editions series.[16] Ane million copies o the Platinum Edition war sauld on Februar 28, 2006.[17] The Platinum Edition DVD went on moratorium on Januar 31, 2007, alang wi the 2006 DVD reissue of Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure.[18]

The film wis released Februar 7, 2012, on Blu-ray combo pack as a pairt of Disney's Diamond Editions series.[19] A standalone 1-disc DVD edition wis released on Mairch 20, 2012.[20][21]

Critical reception[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lady and the Tramp received generally favorable reviews frae Rotten Tomatoes. The film received 38 critical reviews, frae which 34 voted for Fresh and 4 war Rotten, giein it a positive tot rating of 89% and an average rating of 7.6 oot of 10.[22]

Lady and the Tramp haes acome quite iconic in the history of cinema. The sequence of Lady and Tramp sharin a plate of Italian spaghetti – climaxed bi an accidental kiss as thay swallow opposite ends o the same piece of spaghetti – is considered an iconic scene in American film history.

Lady and the Tramp wis named nummer 95 oot o the "100 Greatest Love Stories of All Time" bi the American Film Institute in thair 100 Years...100 Passions special, as ane of anly two animatit films tae appear on the leet, alang wi Disney's Beauty and the Beast which ranked 34th.[23] In 2010, Rhapsody cried its accompanying soundtrack ane o the aw-time great Disney & Pixar soundtracks.[24] In Juin 2011, TIME named it ane of "The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films".[25]

Yet, despite bein an enormous success at the box office, the film wis an aa initially panned bi critics: ane indicated that the dogs haed "the dimensions of hippos," anither that "the artists' work is below par".[26]

Accolades[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Ceremony Award Result
1956 BAFTA Awards[27] Best Animatit Film Nominatit
David di Donatello Awards[28] Best Foreign Producer
(Walt Disney)
Wan
2006 Satellite Awards[29] Best Youth DVD Nominatit
American Film Institute Lists

Music[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lady and the Tramp
Soondtrack album by Various artists
Released 9 September 1997
Genre Classical
Lenth 48:00
Label Walt Disney
Producer Ted Kryczko (executive)
Profeesional ratins
Review scores
Springheid Ratin
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[34]

The film score for wis componed and conducted bi Oliver Wallace. Recording airtist Peggy Lee wrote the songs wi Sonny Burke and assisted wi the score as well.[5] In the film, she sings: "He's a Tramp", "La La Lu", "The Siamese Cat Song" and "What Is a Baby?".[35] She helped promote the film on the Disney TV series, expleenin her work wi the score and singing a few o the film's nummers.[5] Thir appearances are available as pairt o the Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition DVD set.

On 16 November 1988, Peggy Lee sued the Walt Disney Company for breach of contract, claiming that she retained the rights tae transcriptions o the music, arguing that videotape editions war transcriptions.[36] Efter a protracted legal battle, she wis awairdit $2.3 million in 1991.[37]

The remastered soundtrack of Lady and the Tramp wis released on CD bi Walt Disney Records on September 9, 1997, an wis released as a digital download on September 26, 2006.[38]

Track listing[eedit | eedit soorce]

No. Teetle Lenth
1. "Main Title (Bella Notte) / The Wag of a Dog's Tail" 2:03
2. "Peace on Earth (Silent Night)" 1:01
3. "It Has a Ribbon / Lady to Bed / A Few Mornings Later" 3:53
4. "Sunday / The Rat / Morning Paper" 1:44
5. "A New Blue Collar / Lady Talks To Jock & Trusty / It's Jim Dear" 3:17
6. "What a Day! / Breakfast at Tony's" 1:05
7. "Warning / Breakout / Snob Hill / A Wee Bairn" 2:44
8. "Countdown to B-Day" 2:05
9. "Baby's First Morning / What Is a Baby / La La Lu" 3:11
10. "Going Away / Aunt Sarah" 1:51
11. "The Siamese Cat Song / What's Going on Down There?" 2:35
12. "The Muzzle / Wrong Side of the Tracks" 1:54
13. "You Poor Kid / He's Not My Dog" 1:23
14. "Through the Zoo / A Log Puller" 1:59
15. "Footloose and Collar-Free / A Night at the Restaurant / Bella Notte" 4:22
16. "It's Morning / Ever Chase Chickens / Caught" 2:51
17. "Home Sweet Home" 1:30
18. "The Pound" 1:27
19. "What a Dog / He's a Tramp" 2:24
20. "In the Doghouse / The Rat Returns / Falsely Accused / We've Got to Stop That Wagon / Trusty's Sacrifice" 6:05
21. "Watch the Birdie / Visitors" 2:05
22. "Finale (Peace on Earth)" 0:31
Tot lenth: 48:00

Sequel[eedit | eedit soorce]

On Februar 27, 2001, a direct-tae-video sequel o the film wis released bi Disney Television Animation, entitled Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure. Filmed 46 years efter its predecessor, the film centers on the adventure of Lady and Tramp's anly son, Scamp, who happens tae hae the desire tae be a wild dog. He runs away frae his faimily and joins a gang of junkyard dogs tae fulfill his longing for freedom and a life wioot rules.

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Lady and the Tramp". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 5 Januar 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Finch, Christopher (2004). "Chapter 8: Interruption and Innovations". The Art of Walt Disney. pp. 234–244. ISBN 0-8109-2702-0. 
  3. "Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure (Video 2001)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Eric Goldberg. Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition DVD, Disc 2: "Behind the Scenes: Story Development". 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Lady and the Tramp History". Disney Archives. Archived frae the oreeginal on Februar 24, 2007. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Thomas, Bob (1997). "Chapter 7: The Postwar Films". Disney's Art of Animation: From Mickey Mouse to Hercules. pp. 103–104. ISBN 0-7868-6241-6. 
  7. Deleted Scenes, Backstage Disney Diamond Edition, Lady and the Tramp 2012 Blu-ray
  8. Walt: The Man Behind the Myth: Pre-production of Lady and the Tramp (DVD). 2001. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition DVD. Disc 2: "Disney Backstage". 
  10. Jones, Ken (September 1986). "Willie Ito". Comics Interview (38). Fictioneer Books. p. 49. 
  11. Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition DVD, Disc 2: "Behind the Scenes". 
  12. Newcomb, Horace (2000). Television: The Critical View. Oxford University Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-19-511927-4. 
  13. 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955', Variety Weekly, January 25, 1956
  14. Newcomb (2001), p. 27.
  15. Wire, Business (Februar 13, 2013). "Cinemark Announces the Return of Favorite Disney Classic Animated Movies to the Big Screen". Dailyfinance.com. Retrieved Aprile 14, 2014. 
  16. "Platinum Edition". 
  17. "Sales information of the DVD". 
  18. "Lady and the Tramp II information". 
  19. Liu, Ed (November 11, 2012). "Disney to Release Two Amazing Classics From the Vault in 2012". Toon Zone. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  20. "Lady and the Tramp DVD Movie". Retrieved December 11, 2011. 
  21. "Amazon.com: Lady and the Tramp: Bill Thompson, Peggy Lee, Larry Roberts, Barbara Luddy, Bill Baucom: Movies & TV". Retrieved Februar 27, 2012. 
  22. Lady and the Tramp (1955) at Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 2012
  23. "100 Years...100 Passions List of 100 Winning Movies" (PDF). AFI. 
  24. 10 Essential Disney & Pixar Soundtracks Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine. Referenced July 27, 2010
  25. Richard Corliss (Juin 23, 2011). "The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films – Lady and the Tramp". Time. Retrieved August 19, 2011. 
  26. "Walt and Education: Part I". 
  27. Bafta Awards http://www.bafta.org/awards/film/nominations/?year=1955
  28. (in Italian) Academia del Cinema Italiano "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  29. Press Academy "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  30. "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  31. "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  32. "AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  33. "AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  34. Lady and the Tramp at AllMusic
  35. "Peggy Lee's Film Appearances". Peggy Lee's Official Website. 
  36. Collins, Glenn (November 17, 1988). "Peggy Lee article". The New York Times. 
  37. "Stars share royalties victory". BBC News. Juin 26, 2002. Retrieved Januar 5, 2010. 
  38. "Lady and the Tramp [Disney] - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved Februar 4, 2014. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]